The Full Wiki

More info on Greenwood, Mississippi

Greenwood, Mississippi: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Greenwood is a city in and the county seat of Leflore Countymarker[18881], Mississippimarker, United Statesmarker, located at the eastern edge of the Mississippi Delta approximately 96 miles north of Jackson, Mississippimarker and 130 miles south of Memphismarker, Tennesseemarker. The population was 18,425 at the 2000 census. It is the principal city of the Greenwood Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Tallahatchie Rivermarker and the Yalobusha River meet at Greenwood to form the Yazoo Rivermarker.


The flood plain of the Mississippi River has long been an area rich in vegetation and wildlife, feeding off the Mississippi and its numerous tributaries. Long before European migrated to America, the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian nations settled in the Delta's marsh and swampland. In 1830 the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was signed by Choctaw Chief Greenwood Leflore, opening the swampland to European settlers.

The first settlement on the banks of the Yazoo Rivermarker [18882]was a trading post founded by John Williams in 1830 and known as Williams Landing. The settlement quickly blossomed, and in 1844 was incorporated as "Greenwood," named after Chief Greenwood Leflore. Growing into a strong cotton market, the key to the city's success was based on its strategic location in the heart of the Delta; on the easternmost point of the alluvial plain and astride the Tallahatchie Rivermarker and the Yazoo Rivermarker[18883]. The city served as a shipping point to New Orleans, Louisianamarker, Vicksburg, Mississippimarker, Memphis, Tennesseemarker and St. Louis, Missourimarker. Greenwood continued to prosper until the latter part of the American Civil War.

During that war, Greenwood played an important, if little-known, role in the famous Siege of Vicksburgmarker. In early 1863, it was clear that the Union intended to attack the strategic port of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River. After failed attempts at a frontal assault of the city, General Ulysses S. Grant hatched a new plan to attack from the rear by way of the Tallahatchie and Yazoo Rivers [18884]. A hastily constructed Confederate fort was placed between the two rivers at Fort Pemberton. Here the Confederates met the oncoming Union flotilla with fierce resistance and the sinking of the paddle wheeler Star of the West in the channel of the Tallahatchie River, successfully stopping their advance. As a result, Grant abandoned the Yazoo Expedition and retreated north to the Mississippi River to assault Vicksburg by another route.

The end of the Civil War in the mid-1860s and the following year of Reconstruction severely diminished the cotton industry and crippled the city's previously thriving economy. Greenwood saw very little growth during these years of hardship.

The arrival of railroads in the 1880s saved the city – with two lines running to downtown Greenwood, close to the Yazoo Rivermarker. Once again, Greenwood emerged as a prime shipping point for cotton. Downtown's Front Street bordering the Yazoo [18885]bustled with cotton factors and other related businesses, earning that section the name Cotton Row. The city continued to prosper in this way well into the 1940s. Recent years have seen a decline in cotton planting.

Greenwood's Grand Boulevard was once named one of America's ten most beautiful streets by the U.S. Chambers of Commerce and the Garden Clubs of America. The 1000 oak trees lining Grand Boulevard were planted in 1916 by Sally Humphreys Gwin, a charter member of the Greenwood Garden Club. In 1950, Gwin received a citation from the National Congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution in recognition of her work in the conservation of trees.

From 1962 through 1964 Greenwood was a center of protests and voter registration struggles during the Civil Rights Movement. SNCC,COFO, and theMFDP were all active in Greenwood. During this period hundreds were arrested on nonviolent protests, civil rights activists were subjected to repeated violence, blacks were denied the right to vote, and economic retaliation was used against African-Americans who attempted to register to vote.

In the 21st Century, Greenwood is experiencing a cultural renaissance. Its historic downtown boasts dozens of completed renovations with several others in progress. There are upscale shops, unique dining experiences, a boutique hotel, galleries and museums. All the while, Greenwood has retained its small-town beauty, Delta personality and deep-South hospitality. (from the Greenwood Convention and Visitor's Bureau)


The establishment of Greenwood as a tourist destination came with the revitalization of Howard Street in historic Downtown Greenwood.

Notable businesses that make their home on Howard Street include The Alluvian Hotel, The Alluvian Spa, The Viking Cooking School, The Mississippi Gift Company [18886], Blue Parrot Restaurant and Veronica's Bakery, the Delta Bistro, Olde World Antiques, Russell's Antiques, Turnrow Books, Matties, Sweet Pea, Fincher's Gifts, Traditions, Ashley's Rug World, The Cat Walk and several bank headquarters.

African-American heritage

The African-American contribution to the Greenwood region is invaluable. In fact, the Delta has exported as much music as cotton, sprouted from the spirit of the people. That spirit rose from historic neighborhoods such as Browning Community in Greenwood, the oldest African-American community in Mississippi, and home to the important Browning Artesian Well. The spirit was fed by the town and country churches, including the area's oldest African-American church, Wesley United Methodist in downtown Greenwood, organized in 1870. The spirit was shaped by centers of learning such as Mississippi Valley State University, which has borne generation of historic figures, from sports stars and Olympians to Civil Rights leader and present-day civic leaders.

Leflore County has produced extraordinary music stars, from the early bluesmen such as Mississippi John Hurt from nearby Teoc, Mississippimarker and Walter "Furry" Lewis to the talent of today including B.B. King [18887], Hubert Sumlin and Denise LaSalle. Another famous blues musician, Robert Johnson[18888], has three memorial gravestones [18889] in the Greenwood area.

Not all great African-Americans left the Delta. Others stayed and forged freedom a day at a time, through their own efforts. Noted Civil Rights leaders such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. King held a rally in the summer of 1966, along with Stokely Carmichael of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and Floyd McKissick of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Sites such as East Percy Street Christian Church and the home of Dewey Greene were Civil Rights-era meeting places.

After Memphis, Tennesseemarker cartoonist J. P. Alley was introduced to Greenwood resident Tom Hunley, he was inspired to create his long-run syndicated illustrated feature Hambone's Meditations, prominent throughout the South because Alley's drawings were seen daily on The Commercial Appeal's front page. Hunley later became known as the real-life Hambone.

The Mississippi Delta is rich in the accomplishments of African-Americans who struggled, transcended, created, inspired and motivated.

Mississippi Blues Trail markers

Radio station WGRM on Howard Street was the location of B.B. King's first live broadcast in 1940. On a Sunday night King performed live gospel music. In dedication to this event, the Mississippi Blues Trail [18890]has placed its third historic marker in this town at the site of the former radio station.Another Mississippi Blues trail marker is placed near the grave of blues singer Robert Johnson[18891]. There is also a Blues Trail marker at the Elks Lodge.

Notable natives and residents

City government

Greenwood is governed by city council form of government composed of council members from seven wards and headed by a mayor.


  • Carolyn McAdams (I)

Council Members

  • Ward 1: Johnny Jennings (R)
  • Ward 2: Lisa Cookston (R)
  • Ward 3: Ronnie Stevenson (D)
  • Ward 4: Charles McCoy, Sr. (D)
  • Ward 5: Tennill Cannon (D)
  • Ward 6: David Jordan (D)
  • Ward 7: Carl Palmer (D)


Post-Secondary Institutions

Greenwood Public Schools

  • Greenwood High School
  • Greenwood Middle School
  • Threadgill Elementary School
  • Davis Elemtary School
  • W. C. Williams Elementary School
  • Bankston Elementary School

Leflore County Schools:
  • Amanda Elzy High School
  • Amanda Elzy Elementary School
  • East Middle School
  • Leflore County High School
  • Leflore County Elementary School
  • Leflore County Middle School
  • Claudine Brown Elementary School
  • Rising Sun Elementary School

Private Schools
  • North New Summit School
  • Pillow Academy ([18894])
  • New Delta Preparatory School

Parochial Schools
  • St. Francis of Assisi

Media and publishing

Newspapers, Magazines and Journals

  • The Greenwood Commonwealth (published daily except Saturday) ([18895])
  • Leflore Illustrated (published yearly)


AM/FM Radio



Greenwood is served by two major rail lines. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Greenwood, connecting New Orleans to Chicago from Greenwood stationmarker.

Air Transportation

Greenwood (GWO) is served by Greenwood-Leflore Airport to the east and is located midway between Jackson, Mississippimarker and Memphis, Tennesseemarker and about halfway between Dallas, Texasmarker and Atlanta, Georgiamarker.



The largest employers in Leflore County are:

Sites of interest

Museums and History

Historic Downtown

  • The Mississippi Gift Company [18899]
  • Three Deuces Building - 222 Howard Street
  • Greenwood Blues Heritage Museum & Gallery
  • Veronica's Custom Bakery
  • Viking Range Corporate Headquarters [18900]
  • The Viking Cooking School
  • The Viking Culinary Arts Center
  • The Alluvian Hotel
  • The Alluvian Spa
  • Mockingbird Bakery
  • Staplcotn Corporate Headquarters
  • Cotton Row
  • TurnRow Book Co.

Fine Dining

  • Blue Parrot Cafe
  • Crystal Grill
  • Delta Bistro
  • Flatland Grill
  • Giardina's
  • Greenwood Country Club
  • Lusco's
  • M&M Grocery
  • Webster's
  • Yianni's


Greenwood is located at (33.518719, -90.183883) . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.5 square miles (24.7 km²), of which, 9.2 square miles (23.9 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it is water. The total area is 3.15% water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 18,425 people, 6,916 households, and 4,523 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,997.8 people per square mile (771.6/km²). There are 7,565 housing units at an average density of 316.8/km² (820.3/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 32.82% White, 65.36% Black, 0.11% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.

There were 6,916 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% are married couples living together, 27.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $21,867, and the median income for a family was $26,393. Males had a median income of $27,267 versus $18,578 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,461. 33.9% of the population and 28.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 47.0% of those under the age of 18 and 20.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.



  1. Krauss, Clifford. "Mississippi Farmers Trade Cotton Plantings for Corn," The New York Times, May 5, 2009.
  2. Delta Democrat-Times, November 26, 1956.
  3. Kirkpatrick, Mario Carter. Mississippi Off the Beaten Path. GPP Travel, 2007.
  4. Mississippi Voter Registration — Greenwood ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
  5. Greenwood Convention and Visitor's Bureau

External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address