Greer County, created by the
Texas legislature on February 8 1860 (and named
for John Alexander Greer,
Lieutenant Governor of
Texas), was land claimed by both Texas and the
Origin of the dispute
The dispute arose from a map
submitted with the
treaty stated that the boundary between the French claims on
the north and the Spanish claims on
the south was Rio Roxo de Natchitoches (Red
River) until it reached the 100th meridian as noted on John Melish's map
published in 1818.
The problem was that the 100th meridian
on the Melish map was some 90 miles east of the true 100th meridian
and the Red River forked about 50 miles east of the 100th meridian.
Texas claimed the land south of the North Fork and the United
States claimed the land north of the South Fork (later called the
Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River).
United States vs. State of Texas
dispute resulted in a lawsuit, which,
eventually wound up before the Supreme
court having jurisdiction.
The Court's opinion, in United States v. State of Texas
, issued on
, held that the land of some 1.5
million acres (6070 km²/2345 mi²) belonged to the United
States. Following that ruling, on May 4
, the land was officially assigned by
to Oklahoma Territory
. The Greer County
Homestead Law, passed just afterwards, gave the Texas settlers the
160 acres (647,000 m²) they were living on and the option to
purchase an additional 160 acres (647,000 m²) for $1.00
per acre ($247/km²).
"Greer County" Today
Oklahoma became the 46th U.S. state
(November 16, 1907),
old "Greer County" was divided into Greer, Jackson, and part of Beckham counties. Harmon was created May 22, 1909 by a vote of the people
from a portion of Greer County, Oklahoma.
- Estill-Harbour, Emma, Ph.D. " Greer County", Chronicles of Oklahoma
12:2 (June 1934) 145-162 (retrieved August 16, 2006).