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Gryfice (Kashubian: Grëfice; ) is a town in Pomerania, north-western Polandmarker with 16 632 inhabitants (2008). It is the capital of Gryfice Countymarker in West Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker (since 1999), previously in Szczecin Voivodeship (1975-1998).

Bridge on Rega river in Gryfice


History

In 1262, Wartislaw III, Duke of Pomerania founded a town under Lübeck law on the Rega river. After his death, his successor, Barnim I, Duke of Pomerania, named the settlement Civitat Griphemberch super Regam (Griffinsmountain) after the coat of arms symbol of the Dukes of Pomerania. In 1365 the town entered the Hansa and prospered due to the right of free navigation on the Rega.

A town wall was built and in the end of 13th century the construction of the St. Mary’s church was begun. In a document of 1386 a Latin school is mentioned, which is generally called the oldest in Pomerania. After the death of the last Pomeranian Duke and by the Treaty of Westphalia Greifenberg became part of Brandenburg-Prussia in 1648 and part of Imperial Germanymarker in 1871. In 1818 the town became the capital of the Greifenberg district (Kreis Greifenberg).

In 1894 the town was connected to the railway line Altdammmarker - Kolbergmarker. On July 1, 1896 the Greifenberger Kleinbahn was opened, a narrow-gauge railway today used as a railway Museum.

At the end of World War II Soviet Red Army conquered the town, approximately 40 percent of the town was destroyed by a fire. Following the post-war boundary changes, Greifenberg was renamed Gryfice and became Polishmarker. Its German population was expelled and the town was populated with Poles, many themselves expellees from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.

Population

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DateFormat = yyyyPeriod = from:0 till:18100ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:2000 start:0 gridcolor:gray1PlotData =
 bar:1939 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:10817  width:15 text:10,8  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1946 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:4898   width:15 text:4,9  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1950 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:8737   width:15 text:8,7  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1955 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:10320   width:15 text:10,3  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1960 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:11548  width:15 text:11,6  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1965 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:12290  width:15 text:12,3  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1970 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:13175  width:15 text:13,2  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1975 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:13939  width:15 text:13,9  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1980 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:15239  width:15 text:15,3  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1985 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:16523  width:15 text:16,5  textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1990 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:17593 width:15 text:17,6 textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:1995 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:18078 width:15 text:18,1 textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:2000 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:17244  width:15  text:17,3 textcolor:red  fontsize:8px
 bar:2005 color:gray1 width:1
  from:0 till:16850  width:15  text:16,9 textcolor:red  fontsize:8px

Notable Residents



Twin towns



External links







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