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Guérande in French and Gwenrann in the Breton language, (meaning : "white land") is a commune in the Loire-Atlantiquemarker department in western Francemarker.

It lies close to the Atlantic Oceanmarker. The old walled town (known in French as vieille ville) is surrounded by nearly intact ramparts and has four fortified gates (the largest of which is a 15th century châtelet known as Porte Saint-Michel) and ten towers. It's the capital of the Pays Guérandais, an ancient region of the Duchy of Brittany. The residents are called Guérandais.


Guérande is almost surrounded by the sea at the West, the Brièremarker marshland at the east and the Vilainemarker river by the north. At the south extends the sea resort La Baulemarker.

Guérande is known by the salterns which produce a very fine, traditional salt called fleur de sel, and by the old town with fortifications.


The town has a very rich history, full of important events. Guérande was visited regularly by Breton rulers such as duchess Anne of Brittany.

The most important event is probably the signature of the first Guérande treaty in 1365. This treaty put an end at the Breton War of Succession between Joanna of Penthièvre and Duke John IV. Then a second treaty was signed in 1381 by John IV and Charles VI, king of France.

Breton language

In 2007, there was 2,2% of the children attended the bilingual schools in primary education.

Cultural References

The Balzac novel Béatrix is set in Guérande, concerning Calyste, son of the baron de Guenic, and his relations with characters based on George Sand, Franz Liszt, and Marie d'Agoult.

Twin towns

See also


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