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The Guadalquivir ( ) is the second longest river in Spainmarker (fifth after the Tagusmarker, Ebro, Dueromarker and Guadianamarker), and the longest in Andalusiamarker. The Guadalquivir is 657 kilometers long and drains an area of about 58,000 square kilometers. It begins at Cañada de las Fuentes in the Cazorlamarker mountain range (Jaénmarker), passes through Córdobamarker and Sevillemarker and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barramedamarker, flowing into the Gulf of Cádizmarker, in the Atlantic Oceanmarker. The marshy lowlands at the river's end are known as "Las Marismas". It borders Doñana National Parkmarker reserve.

The Guadalquivir river is the only great navigable river in Spain. Currently it is navigable up as far as Seville, but in Roman times it was navigable to Córdoba.

The ancient city of Tartessos was said to be have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, although its site has not yet been found. Tartessos in Basque language means between seas ((Atlantic and Mediterranean))

Name

The name comes from the Arabic al-wādi al-kabīr (الوادي الكبير), 'The Great Valley'. Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghreb as Oued. The Phoenicians named the river Baits, later Betis (or Baetis) from Pre-Roman times to the Al-Andalusmarker period, giving its name to the Hispania Baetica Roman province. An older Celtiberian name was Oba (gold river), leading to the assumption that etymologically Córdoba means city on the Oba (Cart-Oba).

Image gallery

Image:río Guadalquivir Cordoba.jpg|Guadalquivir river, CórdobamarkerImage:Cordoba PuenteRomano mezquita.jpg|Guadalquivir and old Roman Bridge, CórdobaImage:Guadalquivir River, Coria del Rio.jpg|Guadalquivir River in Coria del Ríomarker, Sevillemarker (navigable)Image:Sevilla2005July 040.jpg|Guadalquivir and Quinto Centenario Bridge, SevilleImage:Cormoranes.jpg|Cormorants in lower Guadalquivir (Doñana National Parkmarker)Image:SpainGuadalquivirBasin.png|Guadalquivir river basinImage:Cordoba Water Wheel.jpg|A restored Islamic water wheel on the Guadalquivir, Córdobamarker.

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