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Guilin ( ) is a prefecture-level city in Chinamarker, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on the west bank of the Li River. Its name means "forest of Sweet Osmanthus", owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city. The city has long been renowned for its unique scenery.

History

In 314 BC, a small settlement was established along the banks of the Li River.

In 111 BC, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Shi An County was established, which could be regarded as the beginning of the city.

In 507 AD, the town was renamed Guizhou.

Guilin prospered in the Tang and Song dynasties but remained a county. The city was also a nexus between the central government and the southwest border, and it was where regular armies were placed to guard that border. Canals were built through the city so that food supplies could be directly transported from the food-productive Yangtzemarker plain to the farthest southwestern point of the empire.

In 1921, Guilin became one of the headquarters of the Northern Expeditionary Army led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

In 1940, the city acquired its present name.

In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the State Council as one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhoumarker and Suzhoumarker) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage, as well as natural scenery, should be treated as a priority project.

Physical setting



Administrative divisions

Guilin administers 17 county-level divisions:



People



Climate

  • Damp monsoon climate
  • Warm and rainy
  • Plenty of sunshine and clear division of the four seasons
  • Warm winters
  • Average temperature: annually


Economy

Airport of Guilin


Transportation

Airport: Guilin Liangjiang International AirportmarkerTrain:Guilin Train Station

Panorama of Guilin



Colleges and universities

Public



Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

Scenic spots

Scenic spots around Guilin include:

Cuisine

Guilin cuisine is known for its snacks and the use of spices, especially chili. The famous Guilin chili sauce, Guìlín làjiāojiàng (桂林辣椒酱), used widely in cooking by locals,[38776] is made of fresh chili, garlic, and fermented soybeans, and is considered one of the city's Three Treasures (桂林三宝). The other two of the Three Treasures are Guilin Sanhua Jiu (桂林三花酒), a variety of rice baijiu, or liquor distilled from rice; and Guilin pickled tofu (桂林豆腐乳).

Guilin rice noodles (桂林米粉; pinyin: Guìlín mǐfěn) have been the local breakfast staple since the Qin dynasty and are renowned for their delicate taste. Legend has it that when Qin troops suffering from diarrhea entered this region, a cook created the Guilin rice noodles for the army because they had trouble eating the local food. Specifically, the local specialty is noodles with horse meat, but this dish can also be ordered without the horse meat. Zongzi (粽子; pinyin: zòngzi), a dumpling made from glutinous rice and mung bean paste wrapped in a bamboo or banana leaf) [38777] is another popular delicacy in Guilin.

In popular culture



Quotes

"I often sent pictures of the hills of Guilin which I painted to friends back home, but few believed what they saw."
:- Fan Chengda (Chinese Song Dynasty scholar)
桂林山水甲天下 - "Guilin’s scenery is best among all under heaven."
:- popular Chinese saying


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Guilin is twinned with:



The Guilin relationship with the New Zealand city Hastings started in 1977, after a research scientist, Dr Stuart Falconer identified a number of common areas of interest between the two cities, including horticulture and their rural-urban mix.

Gallery

Image:Li River 1.jpg|Guilin Li River 1Image:Guilin_Scenery.jpg|Guilin SceneryImage:Rio li Guilin02.jpg|Guilin landscapesImage:Pagodas en el lago Shanhu guilin.jpg|Pagodas in GuilinImage:Guilin.jpg|Songs and Performances in GuilinImage:SevenStarParkNorthEnter.JPG|Seven Star ParkImage:IMG_8964.jpg|Pagodas in Fir Lake in downtown GuilinImage:Guilin-distance-shot-with-tower.jpg|Distant view of GuilinImage:Guilin4.jpg|Gulin StreetImage:Guilin Campus Pagoden.jpg|Gulin Pagodas

See also



References and further reading



External links




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