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Gujrat (Urdu/Punjabi: ) is a city in Pakistanmarker and is the capital of Gujrat Districtmarker and the Gujrat Tehsil subdivision in the Punjab Provincemarker. People living in Gujrat refer to themselves as Gujrati, which sometimes leads to confusion with the Indian state of Gujaratmarker which neighbors Pakistan. The major sources of livelihood of Gujrat populace are agriculture and small industries.


Gujrat is situated near the Chenab Rivermarker, 120�km north of Lahoremarker. Prominent nearby locations include Jhelummarker, Gujranwalamarker, Mandi Bahauddinmarker, Sialkotmarker and Bhimbermarker Azad Kashmirmarker. The city is surrounded by many villages from which the local labour market is supplied.


Gujrat is an ancient city which was founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC, according to General Cunningham, the British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great, and that the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's invasion at the bank of the Jehlum Rivermarker. The establishment of Gujrat City was realized early in the 1900 century after the British Empire and in support of regional land lords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi Pura).

During the Mughal period Mughal royalty would travel through the district en-route to Kashmirmarker. When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was not released to avoid any unrest in the empire. As such, his abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. To this day an annual festival is held commemorating this event, commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".

Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district: the Battle of Chillianwala and Battle of Gujrat. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February 1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab.

Historic remains

There are many historical buildings and ruins in and around Gujrat. The Grand Trunk Road commonly abbreviated as GT road built by emperor Sher Shah Suri also passes from Gujrat. The road still exists today, along with its period stone wall. The nearby towns of Jalal Pur Jattan,Shadiwal, kalra kalan Tanda, Adowalmarker, Amra Kalan, Kotla,Bangial, Dinga and Kunjahmarker have historical buildings and ruins. The village Kurree Sharifmarker is famous for the shrines of saints and mazar of Malik Jusrus, the forefather of Maliks (Khokhars) of Punjab.


Gujrat is an ancient district of Pakistanmarker located between two famous rivers, the Jhelum Rivermarker and the Chenab Rivermarker. Because of its proximity with the rivers, the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugarcane as main crops. It is bounded on the northeast by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northwest by the Jhelum River which separates it from Jhelum District, on the east and southeast by the Chenab River, separating it from the districts of Gujranwalamarker and Sialkotmarker; and on the west by Mandi Bahauddin District. District Gujratmarker is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres and comprises the three tehsils of Gujrat, Kharianmarker and Sarai Alamgirmarker.

Famous people

HAZRAT KHUJA GOHAR UD DIN a great sufi his grand son PIR HABIB ULLAH and his son PIR JAVAID HABIB now religious head and social worker of village JINDAR SHRIF,ARRANGES ANNUAL SUFI MEETINGS AT HIS FATHER'S SHRINE.Thousands of people are devoted to him.

  • Mian Mushtaq Hussain Pagganwala,EX- MNA PPP. He became the District President of the party after the death of Mian Asghar Pagganwala. He is a member of the Federal Counsil of the party. He is considered amongst the elders of Gujrat city.
  • Fazal Elahi Chaudhry, former President of Pakistan
  • Pirzada Imtiaz Syed, ( A famous Labour Leader of Pakistan, who is fighting for the liberation of Bonded, Forced, Child Labour from the Brick Kiln Industry of Pakistan Since 1986. He fight a historical case of Brick Kiln Workers during 1988 in the Suprem Court of Pakistan)
  • Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, owner of Service Shoe Factory, Present Defence Minister Of Pakistan
  • Malik Nadir Hussai ملك نادر حسين, Chairman of Malik CNG & Malik Rice Mills, Politician and social worker
  • Nawabzada Ghazanfar Ali Gul, former Member National Assembl
  • Ch. Aitzaz Ahsan, Ex-President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan
  • Inayat Hussain Bhatti, singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker, columnist and religious scholar.
  • Sabiha Khanum, a famous Film Actress of 1970's, wife of famous actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar).
  • Raja Atif Azeem Sarsala (Atif Abdullha shaheed) muhaid-e-kashmir shaheed in Rajouri Maqbooza Kashmir during fight with indaina army in 09 june 2000
  • Ch. Parvaiz Elahi, Chairman of PMLQ Punjab
  • Qamar Zaman qahira x-port n shipping, kashmir issue, youth development and now information minister of present government and 1st governor of gilgit baltistan.
Ch. Wajahat Hussain President District Pakistan Muslim League, Gujrat. Shahzad Akhtar


This district has moderate climate. During peak summer, the daytime temperature shoots up to 45°C, but the hot spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmirmarker Mountains. During the winter months the minimum temperature may fall below 2°C. The average rainfall on the Kashmirmarker border is over 100 cm; at Kharianmarker it is 75 cm, at Gujrat 67 cm, at Dingamarker 50 cm

Sarsal Village

Sarsal is a village in the District of Gujrat,Pakistan. It is located 38 km away from Gujrat City, near Koltla Arab Ali Khan,almost at the edge of Pakistan and touching Azad Kashmir. People here are mostly agricultural & agriculture has been the main source of income for the people of Sarsal. Now fewer people are moving to Europe, the United States and Arab countries to earn more money.

60% of people continue doing agriculture work. They have buffalo, cows, sheep and goats. Hardworking farmers, both women and men, work in the fields and earn money. The green fields, wells & animals make it real a village. The houses of Sarsal these days are very well built and designed with the latest materials. There are no typical Old (Matti waly) houses. The boys and girls of the village are really beautiful. Next generation of Sarsal is very keen to study. Cricket and Volley Ball are the two main games liked and played in Sarsal. There are 3 mosques in sarsal and one of them is Jammia Mosque.

All in all,the people of Sarsal are really talented, hardworking, soft, kind and peaceful.


District Gujratmarker produces low temperature pottery ceramic goods, ‘Hookas’, artistic handicrafts, flower pots, "Changairian" (made from the leaves of palm and date trees), cotton mates, "Dhusse" and woollen shawls.Sohni Mahiwal is a famous folk tale of the Punjab region. The heroine of the story, named "Sohni" (a Punjabi word, meaning "beautiful"), came from the Gujrat region. She used to meet her lover "Mahinwal" by crossing the Chenabmarker river, sitting on a pitcher. The tale is still told to this day, and is an essential part of Punjabi culture.The anniversary of Kanwan-Wali Sarkar is celebrated with a fair in August every year, usually it rains heavily at this time.

Sarsal is located next to Kotla Arab Ali Khan the major town of the local vacinity and it were the majority of markets and biggers shops are located as a focal point for the surround villages, notably Samrala and Bhir Khrana


Gujrat is also known for its clay with which Gujratis have for long produced quality pottery. The city also produces fine furniture. Over last few decades, Gujrat has also attained a name in the export of electric fans. Gujrat is also home to one of the two largest shoe manufacturing companies in Pakistan, namely Service Industries which runs a large shoe factory in the city.There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district. Jalalpur Jattanmarker is a large town of Gujrat , where several small and large textile companies have been established. Rice production and export is another major product of Gujrat. A town called Mangowal (located west of Gujrat) in particular holds over 20 rice mills. There are many other factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods, electric motors, shoes and rice cleaning mills. Most are cottage industries, providing employment to a large number of people and accounting, in aggregate, for more than 90 percent of the domestic market.

The story of the emergence of the electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan started with a few enterprising individuals in the early 1940s, struggled against all odds, and created, without government or foreign help, an efficient industry. There are now over five hundred fan factories in Gujrat, Gujranwalamarker, Lahore and a few other cities. Most of the Fan Industries are in Gujrat.

Servis Industries Limited has its manufacturing industry in Gujrat.


Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling ancient Greece, referring to the high number of educational institutes present in the area.The following universities and colleges are located in Gujrat:


Gujrat, situated beside the GT Road and main rail line, is directly connected with the major cities of the country. The district has 1,019 kilometres of road, it is linked with Gujranwalamarker, Jhelum, and Mandi Bahauddinmarker districts through metalled roads. The main Peshawarmarker - Karachimarker railway line passes through Gujrat district. The district is linked with Jhelum, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha and Gujranwalamarker districts through Pakistan Railway Network.SAMMI Daewoo Express has a terminal at GT Road Gujrat, started on May 14, 2004 and connects Gujrat with Lahore. Gujrat airport does not host any commercial flights, and people use the nearby Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore and Sialkot International Airportmarker for domestic and international flights.

See also


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