Gujrat (Urdu/Punjabi: ) is a
city in Pakistan and is the
capital of Gujrat
District and the
Gujrat Tehsil subdivision in the
living in Gujrat refer to themselves as Gujrati, which
sometimes leads to confusion with the Indian state of Gujarat which
The major sources of livelihood of
Gujrat populace are agriculture
situated near the Chenab
River, 120�km north of Lahore.
nearby locations include Jhelum, Gujranwala, Mandi
Bahauddin, Sialkot and Bhimber Azad Kashmir.
The city is surrounded by many villages
from which the local labour market is supplied.
Gujrat is an ancient city which was founded by Raja Bachhan Pal
in 460 BC, according to General
Cunningham, the British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in
the time of Alexander the Great, and that
the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's
invasion at the bank of the Jehlum River.
The establishment of Gujrat City was
realized early in the 1900 century after the British Empire and in
support of regional land lords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi
Mughal period Mughal royalty would
travel through the district en-route to Kashmir.
King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of
his death was not released to avoid any unrest in the empire. As
such, his abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. To
this day an annual festival is held commemorating this event,
commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".
Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in
this district: the Battle of
and Battle of
. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February
1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab.
There are many historical buildings and ruins in and around Gujrat.
The Grand Trunk Road
abbreviated as GT road built by emperor Sher Shah Suri
also passes from Gujrat. The
road still exists today, along with its period stone wall.
towns of Jalal Pur Jattan,Shadiwal, kalra kalan Tanda, Adowal, Amra Kalan,
Kotla,Bangial, Dinga and Kunjah have
historical buildings and ruins. The village Kurree Sharif is famous for the shrines of saints and mazar of Malik Jusrus, the forefather of Maliks
(Khokhars) of Punjab.
an ancient district of Pakistan located
between two famous rivers, the Jhelum River and the Chenab River.
Because of its proximity with the rivers,
the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugarcane as main
is bounded on the northeast by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northwest
by the Jhelum River which separates it from Jhelum District, on the east and southeast
by the Chenab River, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot; and on the west by Mandi Bahauddin
District. District Gujrat is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres
and comprises the three tehsils of Gujrat, Kharian and Sarai
HAZRAT KHUJA GOHAR UD DIN
a great sufi his grand
son PIR HABIB ULLAH
and his son PIR JAVAID
now religious head and social worker of village
,ARRANGES ANNUAL SUFI MEETINGS AT HIS
FATHER'S SHRINE.Thousands of people are devoted to him.
- Mian Mushtaq Hussain
Pagganwala,EX- MNA PPP. He became the District President of the
party after the death of Mian Asghar Pagganwala. He is a member of
the Federal Counsil of the party. He is considered amongst the
elders of Gujrat city.
- Fazal Elahi Chaudhry,
former President of
- Pirzada Imtiaz Syed, ( A famous Labour Leader of Pakistan, who
is fighting for the liberation of Bonded, Forced, Child Labour from
the Brick Kiln Industry of Pakistan Since 1986. He fight a
historical case of Brick Kiln Workers during 1988 in the Suprem
Court of Pakistan)
- Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, owner of
Service Shoe Factory, Present Defence Minister Of Pakistan
Malik Nadir Hussai ملك نادر حسين, Chairman of Malik CNG &
Malik Rice Mills, Politician and social worker
- Nawabzada Ghazanfar Ali
Gul, former Member National Assembl
- Ch. Aitzaz Ahsan, Ex-President Supreme Court
Bar Association of Pakistan
- Inayat Hussain Bhatti,
singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker,
columnist and religious scholar.
- Sabiha Khanum, a famous Film
Actress of 1970's, wife of famous actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar).
- Raja Atif Azeem Sarsala (Atif Abdullha shaheed)
muhaid-e-kashmir shaheed in Rajouri Maqbooza Kashmir during fight
with indaina army in 09 june 2000
- Ch. Parvaiz Elahi, Chairman of PMLQ
- Qamar Zaman qahira x-port n shipping, kashmir issue, youth
development and now information minister of present government and
1st governor of gilgit baltistan.
Ch. Wajahat Hussain President District Pakistan Muslim League,
Gujrat. Shahzad Akhtar
This district has moderate climate
peak summer, the daytime temperature shoots up to 45°C, but the hot
spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains.
During the winter months the
minimum temperature may fall below 2°C. The average rainfall
on the Kashmir border is over 100 cm; at Kharian it is 75 cm, at Gujrat 67 cm, at Dinga
Sarsal is a village in the District of Gujrat,Pakistan. It is
located 38 km away from Gujrat City, near Koltla Arab Ali
Khan,almost at the edge of Pakistan and touching Azad Kashmir.
People here are mostly agricultural & agriculture has been the
main source of income for the people of Sarsal. Now fewer people
are moving to Europe, the United States and Arab countries to earn
60% of people continue doing agriculture work. They have buffalo,
cows, sheep and goats. Hardworking farmers, both women and men,
work in the fields and earn money. The green fields, wells &
animals make it real a village. The houses of Sarsal these days are
very well built and designed with the latest materials. There are
no typical Old (Matti waly) houses. The boys and girls of the
village are really beautiful. Next generation of Sarsal is very
keen to study. Cricket and Volley Ball are the two main games liked
and played in Sarsal. There are 3 mosques in sarsal and one of them
is Jammia Mosque.
All in all,the people of Sarsal are really talented, hardworking,
soft, kind and peaceful.
Gujrat produces low temperature pottery ceramic goods,
‘Hookas’, artistic handicrafts, flower pots, "Changairian" (made
from the leaves of palm and date trees), cotton mates, "Dhusse" and
woollen shawls.Sohni Mahiwal
a famous folk tale of the Punjab
. The heroine of the story, named "Sohni" (a Punjabi
word, meaning "beautiful"), came
from the Gujrat region. She used to meet her lover "Mahinwal" by
crossing the Chenab river,
sitting on a pitcher.
The tale is still told to this day,
and is an essential part of Punjabi
.The anniversary of Kanwan-Wali Sarkar
is celebrated with a
fair in August every year, usually it rains heavily at this
Sarsal is located next to Kotla Arab Ali Khan the major town of the
local vacinity and it were the majority of markets and biggers
shops are located as a focal point for the surround villages,
notably Samrala and Bhir Khrana
Gujrat is also known for its clay
Gujratis have for long produced quality pottery
. The city also produces fine furniture
. Over last few decades, Gujrat has also
attained a name in the export of electric
. Gujrat is also home to one of the two largest shoe
manufacturing companies in Pakistan, namely Service Industries
which runs a large shoe factory in the city.There are about 1,059
cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units
operating in the district. Jalalpur Jattan is a large town of Gujrat , where several small and
large textile companies have been
Rice production and export is another major
product of Gujrat. A town called Mangowal (located west of Gujrat)
in particular holds over 20 rice mills. There are many other
factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods, electric
motors, shoes and rice cleaning mills. Most are cottage industries,
providing employment to a large number of people and accounting, in
aggregate, for more than 90 percent of the domestic market.
The story of the emergence of the electric fan manufacturing
industry in Pakistan started with a few enterprising individuals in
the early 1940s, struggled against all odds, and created, without
government or foreign help, an efficient industry. There are now over
five hundred fan factories in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore and a few other cities.
Most of the
Fan Industries are in Gujrat.
Limited has its
manufacturing industry in Gujrat.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling ancient Greece
, referring to the high number
of educational institutes present in the area.The following
universities and colleges are located in Gujrat:
- University of Gujrat
Jinnah Degree College for Girls, Fawara Chowk
For Girls, Maraghzar Colony, Bhimber Road
- PUNJAB GROUP OF COLLEGES (pc)
- Swedish Pakistani Institute of Technology
- Nawaz Sharif Medical College, Hafiz Hayat
- Gujrat Group of Colleges
- Chenab Group Of Colleges
- Govt. Girls College, Railway Road, GUJRAT.
- Govt. Medical College, Gujrat.
- Govt. Degree College, G.T.Road, GUJRAT.
- Jamia Islamia Le-Binat-Ul-Islam ( Religious ). Bakhshu Pura,
- Pakistan Overseas Academy, Mandeer, Kharian
Gujrat, situated beside the GT Road
rail line, is directly connected with the major cities of the
country. The district has 1,019 kilometres of road,
it is linked with Gujranwala, Jhelum, and
through metalled roads.
Peshawar - Karachi railway line passes through
Gujrat district. The district is linked with Jhelum, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha and
Gujranwala districts through Pakistan Railway
SAMMI Daewoo Express has a terminal at GT Road
Gujrat, started on May 14, 2004 and connects Gujrat with Lahore.
airport does not host any commercial flights, and people use the
Iqbal International Airport, Lahore and Sialkot
International Airport for domestic and international