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Gush Dan ( ) is a metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Avivmarker and the Centralmarker Districts of Israelmarker. It is located along the Israeli Mediterranean coastline. It constitutes most of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the country, with an estimated population of over 3 million.

History

The name Gush Dan means "Dan Bloc", and is so named because the area was the territory of the tribe of Dan in the ancient Kingdom of Israel. According to the biblical narrative, the tribe had originally tried to settle in the central coastal area of Canaan, but due to enmity with the Philistines who had already settled there, were only able to camp in the hill country overlooking the Sorek Valleymarker. The camp location became known as Mahaneh Dan ("Camps of Dan"). The region they attempted to settle included the area as far north as Joppamarker and as far south as Shephelah in the area of Timnah. As a result of the pressure from the Philistines, the tribe abandoned hopes of settling near the central coast, instead migrating to the north of the country. After conquering Laish, the tribe refounded it as their capital and renamed it Danmarker. As a result the region is referred to as Gush Dan.

Metropolitan rings

Gush Dan is divided into an inner and an outer ring.

The inner ring consists of the Tel Aviv Districtmarker and includes the cities Tel Avivmarker, Bat Yammarker, Holonmarker, Ramat HaSharonmarker, Ramat Ganmarker, Giv'atayimmarker, Bnei Brakmarker, Herzliyamarker, Or Yehudamarker, Giv'at Shmuelmarker and Kiryat Onomarker, as well as a multitude of smaller towns (local councils).

The outer ring includes the cities Petah Tikvamarker, Hod HaSharonmarker, Kfar Savamarker, Ra'ananamarker, Yehudmarker, Ramlamarker, Lodmarker, Rosh HaAyinmarker, Rishon LeZionmarker, Ness Zionamarker and Rehovotmarker, as well as many smaller towns (local councils).

Transportation

The Dan Bus Company is primarily focused on serving the Gush Dan, although it is being replaced by the Kavim company in many of the Gush Dan's cities. Much of Israel's national highway network feeds into the area, such as Highway 1, Highway 2, Highway 4, and Highway 5. Gush Dan is also served by the local Ayalon Highway. Israel Railways, the state owned, national rail network provider, also feeds most traffic into or within the Gush Dan region. The Tel Aviv Light Rail, currently under construction, will also be a major feature in the regions future transport, as will thehigh speed service to Jerusalemmarker

See also

References




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