: ืืืฉ ืฉืืื, lit. The Peace Bloc
[Coalition]) is an Israeli peace activism group founded and led by
former Irgun and Knesset Member and
journalist, Uri Avnery, in 1993.
been involved in several Israeli controversies, such as sending a
โRelief Convoy to Gazaโ while it is under Hamas
administration, and has elicited the mainstream
Israeli media to describe it, on occasion, as "radical" and
Translation: Large organized bodies of Arabs in Israel - among them
Hadash and Balad - arrive in masses from the Galilee to the protest
in Tal-Aviv in the middle of a war, also that the occasion was
joined by the left wing of the Zionist left - such as pastime
Meretz chairman Shulamit Aloni and Galia Golan. This, alongside the
radical left of Gush Shalom, the refusal movement Yesh Gvul, the
anarchists, women's coalition for peace, Ta'ayosh and more. -
Original:ืืืคืื ืืืืจืื ืื ืืืืืื ืฉื ืืขืจืืื ืืืฉืจืื - ืืื ืื"ืฉ ืืื"ื -
ืืืืขืื ืืืืื ืืื ืื ืืืืื ืืืคืื ื ืืชื ืืืื ืืขืืฆืืื ืฉื ืืืืื, ืืื
ืฉืืืขืื ืืืจ ืืืืฃ ืืฉืืืื ืฉื ืืฉืืื ืืฆืืื ื - ืืื ืื"ืจ ืืจืฆ ืืขืืจ, ืฉืืืืืช
ืืืื ื ืืืืื ืืืื. ืืืช, ืืฆื ืืฉืืื ืืจืืืงืื ืฉื ืืืฉ ืฉืืื, ืชื ืืขืช ืืกืจืื ืืช
"ืืฉ ืืืื", ืืื ืจืืืกืืื, ืงืืืืืฆืืืช ื ืฉืื ืืฉืืื, ืชืขืืืืฉ ืืขืื. 
Translation: The extreme left wing movement Gush Shalom - Original:
ืชื ืืขืช ืืฉืืื ืืงืืฆืื ื ืืืฉ ืฉืืื The American Friends Service
has described the group as "one of Israelโs most
influential peace organizations."
The movement was established in 1993
. Avnery stated that he started
Gush Shalom because other Israeli peace groups did not take a
strong stance against what he considered "the repressive measures"
of the government of Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin.
described itself as the "hard core" of the Israeli peace
Gush Shalom is an extra-parliamentary organization, independent of
or other political
grouping although it has members who are associated with various
Shalom objects to the Israeli occupation of the West Bank, and claims the occupation is illegal and that
Israel is committing war crimes on a
daily basis. It opposes Israel's policies of blockade and
nonrecognition of the Gaza
Strip. It supports a two-state solution to the
Israel-Palestine question, with the 1967 border between Israel and
Palestine, and with Jerusalem as the capital of both states.
movement supports soldiers' refusal to serve in the West Bank or Gaza
strip, recognition in principle of Palestinian right of return, and
an Israeli withdrawal to the Green Line.
Gush Shalom activists regularly confront
Israeli security forces at construction sites in settlements
in the West Bank and Gaza,
and along the Separation
. Gush Shalom said that Israel's offer to Yasser Arafat
in the Camp David negotiations of 2000 was not a "generous offer"
but "a humiliating demand for surrender," publishing the maps from
the proposal (seldom published in the US), and an animation from
the maps showing how little would be left for a Palestinian state
under the proposal Avnery was among the first to meet and negotiate
. In 2001 the organisation made a peace proposal on the
basis of a two-state solution with the 1967 boundaries.
During the 2008โ2009
, Gush Shalom was a vigorous critic of the
operation within Israel. Avnery described it as "the Election War"
since he believed it was intended to increase the election chances
of Defence Minister Ehud Barak
Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni
It has been described as left-wing in the Israeli and US
Every left-wing body fears with terror the one who is
on its left.
The right-wing of the Avoda party is afraid from its
The left wing is afraid of Meretz.
Meretz is afraid of Yossi
Beilin, who was pushed out of the Avoda by Amram Mitzna and his leftist friends and that
Meretz also didn't give him a realist position on its
Meretz is afraid of "Shalom
"Shalom Achshav" is afraid of "Gush Shalom" and the
Praise and Criticism
International human rights groups, including Amnesty International
Friends Service Committee, and others, have lauded Gush Shalom for
promoting peace and understanding between Israelis and
Palestinians. The AFSC awarded Avnery the "Profiles of Peace" honor
for his work for peace. The Haaretz
subsidizes a weekly editorial statement by Gush
Shalom in its weekend edition.
In 2001, Gush Shalom received the Right Livelihood Award
unwavering conviction, in the midst of violence, that peace can
only be achieved through justice and reconciliation".
Israeli journalist and political analyst Uri Dan, a former writer
for Uri Avnery's HaOlam HaZeh
magazine, described Gush Shalom in the Jerusalem Post
as "lunatic fringe" due
to the group's statement that they are monitoring Israeli soldiers
activities and will consider submitting collected evidence to
international courts. Dan described the announcement as "preparing
to inform on their brother soldiers - who are defending them
Isi Leibler, a former head of the Australian
Jewish community, criticized the group for techniques that mirror
images of the Soviet models,
"exploit[ing] emotions" by creating bodies associated with
'mothers' and 'children', such as "Women in Black" and "Mothers
He stated this was done in order to further
their interests under the guise of promoting peace, and noted that,
in a similar manner, communists
encouraged draft evasion in democratic countries as Gush Shalom are
doing. Libeler criticized the group members for "[believing] they
and they alone represent the true apostles of peace and those
opposing them are fascists, racists, and warmongers", further
describing the group as "[part of] the radical wings of Israel's
contemporary peace movement".