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Gwent is a preserved county and a former local government county in south-east Walesmarker. It was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, and was named after the ancient Kingdom of Gwentmarker.

It consisted of most of the former administrative county of Monmouthshiremarker and the county borough of Newportmarker (both authorities which were legally part of Englandmarker although considered jointly with Wales for certain purposes), along with Brynmawrmarker and Llanellymarker from Brecknockshiremarker in Walesmarker. Under the Local Government Act 1994, Gwent was abolished on 1 April 1996.

The name however remains as one of the preserved counties of Wales used for certain ceremonial purposes, and it also survives in various titles, e.g., Gwent Police, Royal Gwent Hospitalmarker, Coleg Gwentmarker college and the Newport Gwent Dragons rugby team. It is sometimes used as a synonym for the historic county of Monmouthshire — for example the Gwent Family History Society describes itself as "The key to roots in the historic county of Monmouthshire".

When it existed, the administrative area was divided into several districts: Blaenau Gwent, Islwyn, Monmouthmarker, Newport and Torfaen.

The successor unitary authorities are:

In 2003 the preserved county of Gwent expanded to cover the whole of Caerphilly county borough.

See also


  1. Local Government Act 1972 c. 70, s. 1 & s. 20
  2. Gwent Family History Society
  3. The Preserved Counties (Amendment to Boundaries) (Wales) Order 2003

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