Gwinnett County is a
located in the U.S. state of Georgia.
It was created on December 15, 1818. As of
the 2000 census
, the population
was 588,448. The 2009 Census Estimate
placed the population at 800,080, the second most populous county
in Georgia. It is estimated to be the 9th fastest growing county in
the country in terms of numeral increase. The county seat is Lawrenceville.
The county was named for Button
, one of the delegates
signed the United States
Declaration of Independence
on behalf of Georgia.
county is a part of the Atlanta Metropolitan Area
It contains many suburbs of Atlanta, many of
whose residents commute using the major highway, Interstate 85
. Despite recent efforts of
forming a public bus system, the average commute time in Gwinnett
County is 30.8 minutes, ranking it the highest in metropolitan Atlanta
and 18th highest
nationwide (2003 census
Gwinnett County's population is approximately 18.3 percent of the
total Atlanta region population and has captured 26% of the
region's growth since 2000
, growing faster numerically than any
other county in the region for the past 25 years running. It was
the third-largest county on the list of 100 fastest-growing
counties in the nation from 2000–2004.
Gwinnett County Public
is the largest school system in Georgia and the
fastest-growing in the Southeastern United States
113 total school facilities and a projected 2007–2008 enrollment of
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total
area of 437 square miles (1,131 km²), of which,
433 square miles (1,121 km²) of it is land and
4 square miles (10 km²) of it (0.91%) is water.
National protected area
As of the census
of 2000, there were 588,448
people, 202,317 households, and 152,344 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 1,360 people per square mile (525/km²). There were 209,682
housing units at an average density of 485 per square mile
(187/km²). The racial makeup of the county is currently 52.2%
, 19.8% Black
, 0.2% Native American
, 9.1% Asian
, 0.1% Pacific Islander
, 4.32% from
, and 2.15%
from two or more races. 17.1% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. Gwinnett
County has the largest Latino and Asian populations in the state of
There were 202,317 households out of which 42.30% had children
under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples
living together, 10.00% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were
non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals
and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family
size was 3.28.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.20% under the
age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 37.50% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from
45 to 64, and 5.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.10
The median income for a household in the county was $60,537, and
the median income for a family was $66,693. Males had a median
income of $42,343 versus $31,772 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$25,006. About 3.80% of families and 5.70% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 5.90%
of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.
In the mid 1990s and 2000s Gwinnett County experienced explosive
growth and what could be hailed as a cultural and economic
revolution. It is one of the most diverse and developed regions in
suburban Atlanta and both the population of African Americans
, and Asians
increased in recent years. In 2008, the county recorded 789,499
people, which is a population growth of over 34% since the 2000
census. It is hailed as one of the fastest growing counties in the
country. In 2008, 50.3% the population was made up of White
, 22.0% Black
, and 18% Hispanic
of any race. In 2007, the
median income for a household in the county was $64,005. 27% of the
businesses in Gwinnett County are minority owned.
The Asian population increased 77% to 81,289 since 2000 and now
makes up 14% of the population. The Latino population increased
from 64,137 in 2000 to 132,123 in 2007 — a 106 percent increase.
The county ranks 25th in the nation in total Hispanic population
increase. In 2000, Latinos comprised 11 percent of the county’s
population. In 2007, it was 17 percent.
With the Chattahoochee River forming its northwest boundary,
Gwinnett County was home to both Cherokee and Creek Indians. From
the Chattahoochee, which forms a portion of Gwinnett's northern
county line, the land rises to a ridge line about two or three
miles south of the river. This ridge was the dividing line between
the Creek and Cherokee Nations. Unlike further west, where a "green
zone" existed, neither the Creek or the Cherokee were permitted to
cross this boundary without the threat of a full-scale war.
The earliest settlements started in the vicinity of Hog Mountain,
toward the northern end of the county. It was here, during the War
of 1812, that Major Tandy Key built Fort Daniel to protect the
frontier residents from unwanted Indian intrusions. Following the
ridge that divided the two Indian Nations future governor George
Gilmer built a road from the fort to Standing Peachtree the same
The state house and senate in 1818 opted to create three counties
in Georgia to honor of the three men from the state who signed the
Declaration of Independence. Button
, Lyman Hall
and George Walton
had counties named after them.
(It was Walton's second county). By the time the state formally
recognized the county significant commercial development had begun,
including a store own by William Maltbie. Andy Jackson, preparing
for his upcoming presidential bid four years later visited Gwinnett
County in 1820.
As with most rural communities agriculture was the major business.
When the county was organized, the first court was held in Elisha
Winn's home. Winn would later purchase 250 acres in what
shortly would be the city of Lawrenceville, Georgia, for the purpose of establishing a county
A temporary courthouse and jail were quickly
constructed, with permanent buildings to be completed two years
later. By the end of the 1820s population had increased to more
than 13,000, a level it would not see again for 50 years.
In 1831 these buildings played host to the most famous trial in
Georgia to that time. Reverend Samuel
, a Cherokee missionary was brought to the county,
tried and convicted for illegally working in Indian country without
a permit, along with 11 other men of the cloth. The law requiring a
permit had been passed by the state legislature to force Georgia
law on the Cherokee. This landmark case was eventually heard the
Supreme Court and led to the recognition of the Cherokee Nation as
Relatively untouched by the Civil War, the county prospered in the
early 1870s with the building of a railroad from Atlanta to
Gainesville and further north. In 1885 the county built a new
courthouse in the city of Lawrenceville, the county seat, to
replace the courthouse that had been burned in 1871 by a faction of
a secret society seeking to destroy papers that were actually
When cotton was no longer a viable crop because of falling prices
and the boll weevil Gwinnett turned to dairy farming. While dairy
cattle had been raised in the area for a number of years, the
dramatic growth of Atlanta and the cotton bust combined to make the
area one of the largest and fastest growing dairy regions in the
United States. Farmers in the area formed a co-op called Atlanta
Dairies, selling their goods throughout the northern tier of
counties. An expanding poultry market also helped to offset the
losses of the cotton bust, although Hall and Cherokee counties were
creation of Lake
Lanier in 1957, recreational tourism became a major
industry in the region, and two years later Interstate 85 was
completed to Pleasant Hill Road, bisecting the county.
1960s brought Gwinnett in the national spotlight again with another
dark incident. Millionaire heiress Barbara Jane Mackle
was buried alive in
box not much bigger than a coffin in the county. Federal and state
agents, working closely with local authorities, found the grave
before the heiress perished. She had been there for 83 hours,
waiting for her family to pay a $500,000 ransom. Ruth Eiseman-Schier
, one of Barbara
Mackle's kidnappers (the other was Gary Steven Krist), was the
first woman to appear on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted list. She was
captured on December 17, 1968.
On March 6, 1978, Larry Flynt
by Joseph Paul Franklin on his way back to the Lawrenceville
Courthouse from a nearby cafeteria.
the 1980s the county wrested the title of "Fastest Growing County
in the United States" from Orange County, Florida. With the advent of Gwinnett
Place Mall in 1984, the county had shifted from the rural,
agricultural area to a booming metropolis in its own right with
major manufacturing and service employers.
American Megatrends is headquartered in
Building 200 at 5555 Oakbrook Parkway in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near the
city of Norcross. NCR
Corporation has its headquarters in unincorporated Gwinnett
County, near Duluth.
is headquartered in
unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.
The Consulate-General of
Honduras in Atlanta
is located in unincorporated
Gwinnett County is accessible by major interstates as well as
several US Highways. Interstate 85
runs through Gwinnett from DeKalb County at its southwestern entry
point, and Barrow County
northeast. Interstate 985
branches off Interstate 85 at Exit 113 near Suwanee.
Several U.S. Highways run through Gwinnett County as well.
US Route 23 runs through Duluth and
Suwanee. US Route 29
runs through Central Gwinnett through Lawrenceville. US Route 78
runs through the Southern portion of Gwinnett County. All of the
U.S. Highways are east-west throughout Gwinnett County (although
U.S. Routes 23 and 29 run north-south throughout most of its
Gwinnett County is served by several Georgia State Routes. State Route 316
Interstate 85 at Exit 106 after the Pleasant Hill Exit 104.
highway connects metropolitan Atlanta with Athens, where the
of Georgia is located.
A second route is State Route 124
, also known as
Scenic Highway. This serves as the main route between
Lawrenceville and Snellville. A third highly used route is State Route 120, which runs from
Tallapoosa (west of Atlanta) to Lawrenceville.
major route is State Route
20, which runs Northwest to Southeast in Gwinnett County
through Grayson, Lawrenceville, Buford, Sugar
Hill, and Cumming (in Forsyth
County). And a fifth major route is State Route 8, which parallels
State Route 316, connects
East to West between Auburn, Dacula, Lawrenceville (where it merges with US Route 29) and continues through Lilburn and eventually into Atlanta and Austell.
County is primarily reached through Atlanta
Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport. The county also has its own airport, the
Gwinnett County Briscoe
This is Gwinnett's municipal airport near
Lawrenceville, accessible by GA Route 316.
Gwinnett County Transit
Gwinnett also operates its
own public transportation system. Gwinnett County Transit (GCT),
was formed in 2000 by order of the Board of Commissioners and
started limited local service in 2002. Overall GCT serves little of
Gwinnett (less than 8% of Gwinnett County), mainly the City of
Norcross, and areas of south western Gwinnett, along with Gwinnett
Place CID, a commercial center (community improvement district),
and portions of Buford Highway. It does provide limited access to the
Doraville MARTA station
in northeastern DeKalb County via bus Route 10.
budgetary constraints of the recession, a reorganization of Routes,
along with a reduction in frequency and possible Route terminations
have been placed on the Docket of the Board of Commissioners, which
will be receiving public comment through August 21, 2009 while
making final determinations before December (This is per a notice
issued to patrons and posted at Indian Trail Park and Ride, Indian
Trail Road and I-85, XPress Route 102).Park and Rides, and
In terms of Commuter service GCT does
operate 4 park and ride locations with two more under construction
which run rapid transit buses to Downtown Atlanta, Midtown Atlanta,
or a MARTA rail station.The First Park and Ride is know as "Indian
Trail Park and Ride" and is located adjacent to the Indian Trail
turnpike for I-85 and hosts Xpress Route 102 which departs from the
lot for non-stop service to Downtown Atlanta from 6-8 am every 30
minutes and drops off at the lot from 3:30-7:30 pm after picking up
commuters from Downtown Atlanta. This point is adjacent to dropoff
points for routes 20, 30, and 40. Ridership averages 226 patrons a
day as per figures gathered by the GCT itself, hence the low
frequency and limited service window. Limited daytime commuter
service is provided by the Xpress Route 410 based out of Discover
Mills GRTA location to Lindbergh MARTA rail station.The Second Park
and Ride is known as "Discover Mills Park and Ride"located adjacent
to I-85 and Sugarloaf parkway. It was built on a portion of land by
the Discover Mills Mall parking lot, and is without question
Gwinnett's commuter transit hub. The primary and original route is
Xpress Route 103 which runs from 5:30 to 8:30 am every ten minutes
to Downtown Atlanta, and from 3-7:30 pm after returning with
downtown commuters. There is also the reverse of Route 103, Route
103A which picks up in downtown Atlanta and returns to Discover
Mills this Route officially runs infrequently however it is not
uncommon for an Atlantan to hope on a commuter bus dropping off
patrons in the morning and riding the bus back to Discover Mills.
Also adjacent to the Discover Mills Mall is the Georgia Regional
Transportation Authority's (GRTA) station which operates on a
modified portion of the malls parking lot. Route 410, which runs to
Lindbergh MARTA station, runs from this location around every hour,
and during the day makes a brief stop-over at Indian trail Park and
Ride. Route 412, which used to leave discover Mills and pick up at
Indian Trail before shuttling patrons to downtown and Midtown
atlanta now runs solely from Discover Mills to Midtown Atlanta,
terminating the Indian trail daytime pick-ups and the downtown
circuit.The Third Park and RIde is known as "I-985 Park and Ride or
Mall of Georgia Park and Ride"
Gwinnett has made great strides in this area considering the
systems single-digit history yet its operation of and management of
almost 100 buses and facilities.
At present, Gwinnett County is not connected to the Atlanta Area's
MARTA rail system. Several proposals have been made regarding
rail transit that would pass through Gwinnett, most recently a
"university link" system that would link Georgia
State University in Atlanta, Georgia Institute of
Technology in Atlanta and the University of Georgia in Athens.
Potential stops within Gwinnett County include Lilburn, Lawrenceville
and Dacula, among other
Government and Elections
Under Georgia's "home rule" provision, county governments have free
rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that
such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or
the state or federal Constitutions.
Gwinnett County is governed by a five-member Board of
Commissioners, which has both legislative and executive authority
within the county. The chairman of the Board is elected county-wide
and serves in a full-time position. The other four Commissioners
are elected from single-member districts and serve in part-time
positions. The Board hires a County Administrator who oversees
day-to-day operations of the county's 11 executive departments.
Gwinnett County also has a separate police department under the
authority of the Board of Commissioners.
In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also
elect a Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of
State/Superior Court,Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief
Magistrate Judge (who then appoints other Magistrate Court judges),
Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and a Chief
State Court Judge and State Court Judges.
Gwinnett County has the largest public school system
in the State of
United States Congress
Georgia General Assembly
Georgia State Senate
||Area(s) of Gwinnett
||Norcross, Lilburn, Tucker
||Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
||Buford, Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
||Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Peachtree
||Centerville, Stone Mountain
Georgia House of Representatives
||Area(s) of Gwinnett
||Berkeley Lake and Peachtree Corners
||Centerville and Stone Mountain
Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
||Lilburn and Norcross
||Duluth, Lawrenceville, Lilburn
||Lilburn, Mountain Park, Tucker
Forks, Lawrenceville, Lilburn
||Braselton, Dacula, Hamilton Mill, Hog Mountain
Forks, Lilburn, Snellville
||Snellville and Loganville
Gwinnett County is home to three hospitals: Gwinnett Medical Center
(Lawrenceville), Gwinnett Medical Center - Duluth and Emory
Eastside Medical Center.
GMC (which also operates Gwinnett Medical Center - Duluth) is the
largest healthcare provider in the county. It is a non-profit,
500-bed healthcare network located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. GMC
consists of two hospitals, plus several supporting medical
facilities, with more than 4,300 employees and more than 800
affiliated physicians. GMC provided care to more than 400,000
patients in 2007. 
The Gwinnett County
system has 14 branch locations spread throughout
Gwinnett County. The newest branch library opened October 28, 2006,
in Grayson, Georgia. Construction started on the Hamilton Mill
branch in Dacula, Georgia in the fall of 2008; this branch is
scheduled to open in the winter of 2010 and will be the fifteenth
branch location. The library system was named Library of the
in 2000 by Library Journal
Gwinnett County Parks and Recreation (GCPR) manages 39 parks and
facilities. In all, the park system comprises more than 8,000
acres. As of fall 2008, eight parks are under construction, and the
county is planning several others for future development.
One reason GCPR can aggressively pursue and purchase park property
is the Special Purpose Local Option Sales Tax (SPLOST). Gwinnett
county voters approved the $0.01 sales tax in 1996 (extending it in
2000, 2004, and 2008). The county uses the sales tax proceeds for
park purchases, transportation improvements, library construction,
and public safety expenses.
On May 2008, the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA)
announced that GCPR was a finalist for the Gold Medal award,
recognizing "Excellence in Park and Recreation Management" (Class 1
category, pop. 250,000+). GCPR went on to win this award on October
15, 2008, beating out three other finalists. The NRPA Gold Medal is
widely considered the most prestigious award of its kind.
The minor-league affiliates of the NHL Atlanta Thrashers
and the MLB Atlanta Braves
all play home games in the
area, which has created a cost-saving move, since the parent clubs'
scouts can observe the players' home games nearby. Furthermore,
call-ups to the top league are much cheaper for the teams.
Cities and towns
- " Contact
Us." American Megatrends. Retrieved on
May 6, 2009.
- " Contact NCR." NCR Corporation. Retrieved on November 29,
- " Contact Us." Waffle House. Retrieved on May
- Woods, Mark. " If this is what it gets to, it's bad."
The Florida Times-Union. May 3,
2009. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- " Consulate." Embassy of Honduras in
Washington, DC. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.