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Hérault ( ) is a department in the south of Francemarker named after the Hérault rivermarker.


Hérault is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the wine-growing region was devastated, and thousands of workers revolted. This revolt was suppressed very harshly by the government of Georges Clemenceau.

The catastrophic frost of the winter of 1956 damaged the olive trees, and the olive-growing regions did not recover until 1980. Many of the olive-industry co-ops closed.


Hérault is part of the current region of Languedoc-Roussillonmarker and is surrounded by the departments of Audemarker, Tarnmarker, Aveyronmarker, Gard, and the Mediterranean Seamarker (Gulf of Lionmarker) on the south.

The department is very geographically diverse, with beaches in the south, the Cévennes mountains in the north, and agricultural land in between.

The important rivers are:

The area of Hérault near the town of Lodèvemarker is an antipode point with Chatham Islandmarker, off the east coast of New Zealandmarker.


The average daytime temperature is around 25-30 degrees Celsius in July and August and 8-10 degrees Celsius in December and January.


The President of the General Council is André Vezinhet of the Socialist Partymarker.

Party seats
Socialist Partymarker 31
Miscellaneous Left 6
Union for a Popular Movement 5
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 3
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1


The inhabitants of the department are called Héraultais.


Montpellier hosts the following festivals:
  • Saperlipopette, voilà Enfantillages !
  • Printemps des Comédiens
  • Festival du Cinéma Méditerranéen
  • Comédie du Livre
  • Festival Radio-France Montpellier
  • Festival Montpellier Danse

The Canal du Midimarker has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCOmarker.


The Mediterranean beaches are a major attraction, as well as the caves of Clamouse and Demoiselles.

Part of Cap d'Agdemarker is a major nudist resort.

Cruising along the Canal du Midimarker and walking or cycling along the tow paths is a popular holiday option.

See also

External links

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