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HMS Amphion was a 32-gun fifth rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She served during the Napoleonic Wars.

Amphion was built by Betts, of Mistleythorn, and was launched on 19 March 1798.

Amphion's first mission was to Jamaicamarker in 1798, but by 1799 she was off Southern Spain under Captain Bennett. That year she captured a Spanish gunboat and remained in the Mediterranean until the Peace of Amiens. In 1802 Amphion was employed in attacking British smugglers in the English Channelmarker and later conveyed the ambassador to Portugal to Lisbonmarker.

In 1803 Amphion was paid off but later recommissioned and transported Horatio Nelson to the Mediterraneanmarker to take command. She remained in the Mediterranean under Captain Samuel Sutton, and was part of the fleet blockading Toulonmarker. Amphion was one of the ships selected to hunt and capture the Spanish treasure fleet destroyed at the Action of 5 October 1804. In October 1805 the captaincy was given to William Hoste at Lisbonmarker, and he sailed to Gibraltarmarker and subsequently Algiersmarker before operating off Cadizmarker and Sicily.

In May 1808, Hoste was ordered to attack the French frigate Baleine off Rosas. Amphion succeeded in destroying the vessel without severe loss and in November joined HMS Unite off Triestemarker in the Adriaticmarker. There Hoste operated against French and Italian shipping for the next three years, sailing from Lissamarker and periodically refitting at Maltamarker. In this time, Hoste managed to capture or destroy huge quantities of French supplies and provoked the attention of a French squadron under Bernard Dubourdieu. In March 1811, Dubourdieu attacked at the Battle of Lissamarker and was heavily defeated, Amphion's fire killing Dubourdieu and wrecking his flagship. Two other ships were captured, but Hoste was wounded and the ship returned to Britain.

In 1813 Amphion was attached to the North Sea fleet and late in the year her crew landed on Schowen in the Netherlandsmarker and captured the island. In early 1814 Amphion continued to attack French shore positions along the North Sea coast but with the end of the war returned to Britain. In 1818 Amphion sailed to Brazilmarker and in 1820 she was decommissioned and in November that year she was sunk as a breakwater at Woolwichmarker. The wreck was subsequently sold in September 1823 to Joiliffe and Banks for breaking up.

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