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For a later enterprise with a similar name, see Bank AL Habib

Habib Bank Limited ( ) commonly referred to as "HBL" and head-quartered in Habib Bank Plazamarker, Karachimarker, Pakistanmarker, is the largest bank in Pakistanmarker. The bank has a network of over 1450 branches in Pakistan and 55 branches worldwide. It has a domestic market share of over 40%. It continues to dominate the commercial banking sector with a major market share in inward foreign remittances (55%) and loans to small industries, traders and farmers. Overseas, it has operations in the following countries:



Mission

To be recognized as the leading financial institution of Pakistan and a dynamic international bank in the emerging markets, providing our customers with a premium set of innovative products and services, and granting superior value to our stakeholders – shareholders, customers and employees.

Services

Habib Bank offers the basic range of banking services to its customers, to include Commercial, Corporate, Investment, and Retail Banking, Treasury, and Islamic Banking.

History

The branches of Habib Bank in Pakistan
HBL Plaza in Karachi


Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Pakistan's founding father, realized the importance of financial intermediation while he was campaigning for the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of Indiamarker. He persuaded the Habib family to establish a commercial bank that could serve the Indian Muslim community. His initiative resulted in the creation of Habib Bank in 1941, with HO in Bombaymarker (now Mumbaimarker), and fixed capital of 25,000 rupees. The bank played an important role in mobilizing funds from the Muslim community to finance the All-India Muslim League's campaign for the establishment of Pakistan. Habib Bank also played an important role in channeling relief funds to the people hurt in the communal riots and violence that preceded the departure of the British from India.

After Pakistan was born in 1947, Habib Bank, at the urging of Governor-General Jinnah, moved its headquarters to Karachi, Pakistan's first capital. This gave Karachi its first commercial bank of the newly formed Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The Habib family owned and managed the bank until the Pakistan government nationalized it on 1 January 1974.

  • 1951 HBL opened the first of 3 branches in Sri Lankamarker.
  • 1952 HBL established Habib Bank (Overseas).
  • 1956 HBL opened first of 5 branches in Kenyamarker.
  • 1957 or 1958 HBL opened a branch in Adenmarker.
  • 1961 HBL opened the first of what would become 6 branches in the UK.
  • 1964 HBL opened the first of 4 branches in Mauritiusmarker and a branch in Beirutmarker.
  • 1966 HBL opened the first of 8 branches in the UAEmarker.
  • 1969 HBL opened first of 3 branches and an OBU in Bahrainmarker. However, HB’s branch in Adenmarker is nationalized.
  • 1971 HBL opened an OBU in Singaporemarker and a branch in New Yorkmarker.
  • 1972 HBL opened the first of 11 branches in Omanmarker. HBL constructed Habib Bank Plaza in Karachi to commemorate the bank’s 25th Anniversary.
  • 1974 The government of Pakistan nationalized HBL and HBL merged with Habib Bank (Overseas).
  • 1975 HBL opened a branch in Belgiummarker. HBL also merged with Standard Bank, a Pakistani bank.
  • 1976 HBL opened a branch in the Seychellesmarker, the first of two branches in Bangladeshmarker, and a branch in the Maldivesmarker.
  • 1979 HBL opened a branch in the Netherlandsmarker.
  • 1980 HBL opened a branch in Parismarker and another in Hong Kongmarker.
  • 1981 HBL established Nigeriamarker Habib Bank with 40% ownership. HBL also opened a representative office in Teheranmarker.
  • 1982 HBL opened a branch in Khartoummarker.
  • 1983 HBL opened branch in the Karachi EPZ and a branch in Istanbulmarker.
  • 1984 HBL established Habib American Bank in New York with a branch each in Manhattanmarker and Queensmarker, and a US International Banking Facility. HBL also opened a branch in California.
  • 1987 HBL opened in Australia.
  • 1991 The Habib Group established a separate private bank, the Bank AL Habib, after private banking was re-established in Pakistan. HBL opened a branch in the Fiji Islandsmarker, and took over the Paksistani branches of failed bank, BCCI.
  • 1992 In Nepal HBL acquired 20% of Himalayan Bank.
  • 1995 HBL established a representative office in Cairomarker.
  • 1990s HBL established Habib Finance (Australia), and Habib Finance International Limited, Hong Kong.
  • 2000 HBL established Habib Canadian Bank.
  • 2002 On June 13, 2002 Pakistan's Privatization Commission announced that the Government of Pakistan had granted the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED), a subsidiary of the Aga Khan Development Network, rights to 51% of the shareholding in HBL, against an investment of PKR 22.409 billion (USD 389 million).


  • HBL's UK operation came close to being shut down due to regulatory issues with the Financial Services Authority. The issue was resolved by converting the operations to a subsidiary. Then Habib Bank Limited and Allied Bank of Pakistan merged their operations (Habib contributed its 6 branches and Allied its 4), into a new bank, called Habib-Allied International Bank, in which Habib Bank has a 90.5 percent shareholding, while Allied Bank has 9.5 percent. Simultaneously with the transfer of business to the new bank, both Allied and Habib Bank close down all independent operations in the UK.


  • 2003 HBL received permission to open a branch in Afghanistanmarker.
  • 2004 On February 26, the Government of Pakistan handed over management control of Habib Bank to AKFED. The Board of Directors was reconstituted to have four AKFED nominees, including the Chairman and the President/CEO and three Government of Pakistan nominees.
  • 2006 HBL sold the operations that it had established in Fijimarker in 1991 to Bank of South Pacific.
  • 2009 HBL was granted permission to open Remnibi accounts in China. It already has training and shareholding arrangements with Urumqi Commercial Bank .


Controversy

Habib bank has long been scrutinized by intelligence officials monitoring terrorist money flows.

On July 18, 2007, Mariane Pearl, the widow of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl, filed a lawsuit against Habib Bank Ltd over the 2002 abduction, torture and murder of her husband. The pending lawsuit alleges the bank and its subsidiaries knowingly conducted financial transactions and provided account services on behalf of Al Akhtar Trust, a Pakistani based charity trust. Al Akhtar Trust’s accounts have been used to provide financial support to terrorists. However, HBL claims to have froze Al Akhtar Trust’s accounts several years before Daniel Pearl’s abduction.

On October 24, 2007, Pearl's lawsuit against HBL was formally dropped. Lawyers for Mariane Pearl noted that Habib Bank Limited and the other defendants in the case had not answered the lawsuit filed in July (although Habib Bank Limited had denied ever supporting terrorism), but they otherwise did not explain their reason for dropping the action.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board and the New York State Banking Department criticized Habib Bank Limited for failing to address deficiencies in its compliance with U.S. anti-money laundering laws. After the U.S. Federal Reserve Board threatened formal charges, though none were filed, Habib Bank Limited agreed to strengthen the banks compliance. More specifically, the Fed ordered HBL to strengthen its transaction monitoring systems and the filing of "suspicious activity reports" on transactions that do not fit the routine business patterns of the bank's customer base.

See also



External links



References

  1. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2009\04\10\story_10-4-2009_pg5_13



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