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Hadfield is a small residential town in High Peakmarker, Derbyshiremarker, Englandmarker. The village is on the west side of the Peak Districtmarker, and is a residential area/town next to Glossopmarker with many local amenities and services being based in Glossopmarker.

Geography

Hadfield is a parish and small town which lies between Bottoms Reservoirmarker and the Glossop Brook, on the southern side of the River Etherow valley which is known as Longdendalemarker, in the High Peak district of Derbyshire, England. It is between 120 m and 210 m above sea level.

History

Hadfield was part of the Manor of Glossop, and at the time of the Domesday survey belonged to William the Conqueror.King Henry I granted the land to William Peveril. In 1157, King Henry II gave it to the Abbey of Basenwickmarker. In 1537, King Henry VIII gave it to the Earl of Shrewsbury from where it came to the Howard family (Dukes of Norfolk). While the Howards were responsible in the 1810s for the development of Glossopmarker, it was the Sidebottom family who developed Hadfield. They bought the Waterside and Bridge Mill complex from John Turner and John Thornley in 1820.

For three generations they developed these mills, as a large spinning and weaving combine. They built their own branch railway to the mill, and in 1880 ran 293,000 spindles and 4800 looms. In 1896 the Sidebottoms went into liquidation. Bridge Mill was destroyed by fire in 1899, but Waterside Mill was bought by John Gartside and Co, of Ashton under Lyne. Gartsides re-equipt the mills with automatic looms from the United States and installed new engines and electric lighting.

During the first world war (1914-18) the mill was taken over by the Greenfield mill company, who described themselves as bleachers, but parts were used for munitions. After the war the company faded away. In 1940, the mill housed Maconochie's Foodstuffs Ltd who had been bombed out of their previous premises. In 1954, about half of the original building had been demolished, more was to go. In 1976 the site was redeveloped and renamed as the Hadfield Trading Estate.

Station Mill was built in 1834 by Thomas and Edward Platt, members of a family who had farmed Longdendale for generations. The family owned this cotton mill for 68 years, before selling it in 1923 to E. Wilman & Sons, who changed it to silk noil spinning.The mill closed 1989. Hadfield Mills, was a corn mill from before 1819. In 1874, Thomas Rhodes and Sons converted the mill to the manufacture of cotton. There were 1000 workers there in 1873: it closed in 1932. In 1940 it was reopened by the Hadfield Worsted Mills Ltd for cloth manufacture.

Governance

Hadfield is in the High Peak Borough Council, which is part of Derbyshire County Council.

Representation on Derbyshire County Council
Division Holder
Etherow Cllr Dave Wilcox


Representation on High Peak Borough Council
Ward Holder
Hadfield North Cllr MANN, Victoria Elizabeth
Hadfield South Cllr FOOTE, Marie Melita
Hadfield South Cllr MCKEOWN, Robert Joseph
Hadfield does not have a parish council.

The Member of Parliament for the High Peak constituencymarker since 1997 has been Tom Levitt MP, representing Labour. His majority in the 2005 General Election was 735 over the Conservative candidate Andrew Bingham.
Constituency Holder
High Peak Tom Levitt, MP


Transport

The village is served by Hadfield railway stationmarker and Dintingmarker on the electrified line. Hadfield is the terminus, all trains run through Dinting to Glossopmarker and back through Dinting to Manchester Piccadillymarker. The railway, known as the Woodhead Line, used to run through to Penistonemarker and Sheffieldmarker via the Woodhead Tunnelmarker but passenger services were withdrawn in 1970. Freight trains ran until 1981 when which Hadfield became the terminus. The trackbed to the east has been adopted as part of the Longdendale Trailmarker long distance foot path. The A57, that Links Manchester to Sheffield over the Snake Pass passes to the south of Hadfield, from Woolley Bridge to Dinting Vale. The A628 road, from Manchester to Barnsleymarker and Sheffieldmarker, over the Woodhead pass, runs on the other side of the River Etherow through Hollingworthmarker and Tintwistlemarker. It is this road that the proposed Mottram- Tintwistle Bypass is to relieve.
Hadfield Mills, Padfield


Hadfield is within close proximity of the Greater Manchestermarker county boundary, and some services are provided with this in mind. Though lying with Derbyshire and the East Midlands, some of Hadfield's transport facilities are managed by the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, whilst Tameside and Glossop Acute Services, based in Tameside, Greater Manchester, is the NHS Trust which operates in the area.

Media

The television series The League of Gentlemen was filmed in Hadfield, which doubled as the fictional town of Royston Vasey.

References

  1. Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7
  2. Derbyshire councillors.
  3. High Peak councillors.


External links




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