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Halmstad ['hulm-stɑː(d)] is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of Nissanmarker in the province of Hallandmarker on the Swedishmarker west coast. Halmstad is the seat of Halmstad Municipalitymarker and the capital of Halland Countymarker. The city has a population of about 55,688, out of a municipal total of nearly 90,000.

History

Halmstad received its first city charter in 1307, and the city celebrated its 700th anniversary in 2007. The oldest remains of that first town are to be found at "Övrabymarker" upstream on Nissan, quite close to the regiment buildings. The remains of the church can still be seen today between a defunct brick industry and a former landfill.

In the 1320s the town moved to the present day town centre. At this time there were two monasteries in the town and during the 15th century the St. Nikolai church was built. Halland was the object of numerous battles, sieges and occupations by Swedish troops.

During the Kalmar Union – a Nordic Union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark which lasted between 1400 and 1520 – it was in Halmstad that the Union King was to be finally selected.

At the end of the 16th century, the Danishmarker King Christian IV ordered the fortification of Halmstad and in the beginning of the 17th century built a crescent-shaped fort with Nissan as part of the defences.

1619 is an important date in the history of Halmstad. In March of that year, King Gustav Adolf II of Sweden and Christian IV met at the castle. Over a period of a week they celebrated the payment in full of the Älvsborg ransom. August of the same year saw the destruction of Halmstad by fire.

Halland became part of Sweden for a period of thirty years when peace was declared at the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 and Danish rule ended. The Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 made this acquisition permanent. Sweden defeated Denmark in the Battle of Fyllebro which took place in 1676 just outside Halmstad.

The first May Day demonstration in Sweden was held in Halmstad in 1897.

The population grew from 48,800 in 1990 to 55,688 in 2005.

In September 2007 the city hosted the Solheim Cup, which was played at the Halmstad Golfklubb.

Notable natives



Sport



Gallery

Image:Park in Halmstad.jpg|View of a park in HalmstadImage:Halmstad seen from the other bank of the Nissan river.JPG|Halmstad seen from the other bank of Nissanmarker.Image:Nissan_i_Halmstad_2.jpg|Nissan.Image:Storatorg_Halmstad.jpg|Town square Stora Torg in central Halmstad.Image:St Nicolai kyrka 1 Halmstad.JPG|St Nikolai church by town square.Image:St Nicolai kyrka Halmstad.JPG|Church tower.Image:Mellgrenskahuset Halmstad.JPG|Image:Hstd hamn-1.JPG|Central Halmstad and Halmstad harbor.Image:Hstd ctr-1.JPG|Central Halmstad with church in center.Image:Kvinnohuvud1-hstd.JPG|Picasso sculpture in Halmstad.Image:Halmstads slott-1.JPG|Halmstad CastleImage:Najaden halmstad slott-1.JPG|Sailing ship HMS Najaden in front on Halmstad CastleImage:Norre Port 1.JPG|The North Gate

See also



References

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