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Hampden is a town in Penobscot Countymarker, Mainemarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 6,327 at the 2000 census. Hampden is part of the Bangormarker Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Sterns Sawmill c.
1908
The town was originally called Wheelersborough after its original settler, Benjamin Wheeler. It was incorporated on February 24, 1794, and named after the English patriot John Hampden.

During the War of 1812, on September 3, 1814, about 400 local militia under the command of Brigadier General John Blake of nearby Brewermarker, attempted to hold off a superior force of British regulars at Hampden. The American line, however, collapsed before a charge and was quickly routed. The Americans suffered 1 casualty with 11 wounded, and the British lost 2 (one an officer). A civilian spectator was also killed. The British fleet, which under command of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke (then Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotiamarker) had recently captured Castinemarker, looted Hampden and nearby Bangormarker. They were trying to capture the USS Adams, a frigate with 750 men which had fled up the Penobscot River and anchored at Hampden. The crew of the Adams, under Captain Charles Morris, burned the ship to prevent its capture and subsequently escaped overland.

General Blake and two other officers, Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Grant of Hampden and Major Joshua Chamberlain of Brewermarker (grandfather of Civil War general Joshua L. Chamberlain), were court-martialed in Bangor in 1816 for their part in the defeat. Blake and Chamberlain were both exonerated, but Grant was cashiered.

See Main article: Battle of Hampden

Notable residents

Steamer Camden in the Hampden Narrows c.
1910


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.0 square miles (101.0 km²), of which, 38.1 square miles (98.6 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²) of it (2.36%) is water. It is drained by the Souadabscook Stream and Penobscot River.

Hampden is crossed by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1A and U.S. Route 202, as well as Maine State Route 9 and Maine State Route 69. It borders the towns of Winterportmarker to the south, Newburghmarker to the west, Hermonmarker to the north, Bangormarker to the northeast, and (separated by the Penobscot River) Brewermarker to the northeast and Orringtonmarker to the east.

Demographics

See also: Hampden , Mainemarker

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,327 people, 2,433 households, and 1,802 families residing in the town. The population density was 166.1 people per square mile (64.2/km²). There were 2,545 housing units at an average density of 66.8/sq mi (25.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.91% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.

There were 2,433 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,377, and the median income for a family was $61,321. Males had a median income of $45,775 versus $29,183 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,498. About 3.0% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Site of interest



References

  1. http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/me/penobscot/hampden/revolution/battle/sj2p185.txt


External links





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