is a common transliteration
of the Chinese surname
韩 (simp. han2) or 韓
(trad. han2) and the Korean
. Han is based on
China's pinyin system and so used
throughout Mainland China. Spelling can vary from 'Hon' in Cantonese-speaking areas to 'Hang' in Hainan.
Korean version is sometimes spelled 'Hahn'.
Less common Chinese
as Han include: 寒 (han2) and 汉 (simp.
han4) or 漢 (trad. han4).
Han (韩) is currently ranked 25th in China in terms of the number of
bearers at around 8 million persons.
Four Chinese Origins of '韩'
From '姬' surname
' (Ji4) is an ancient Chinese
surname. It is the surname of the Yellow
and the Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou
brother Ji Wan '姬万' (Ji4 Wan4) created the State of Han '韩国' (han2
guo2). When this kingdom was destroyed, Ji Wan was granted the name
'韩武子' (han2 wu3 zi3). Wuzi's
descendant Han Jue
'韩厥' (han2 jue2) adopts
Han as a last name. Han Jue's 7th generation descendant created the
State of Han
during the Warring States Period
. When the state
was conquered by Qin
, members of the ruling family adopted Han '韩' as their last
From the place Han Yuan '韩原'
King Cheng of Zhou
brother, Tang Shuyu
'唐叔虞' (Tang2 Shu1
Yu2), also known as the founder of the State of Jin
, had a son who was named Jin Hou
'晋侯' (Jin4 Hou4). Jin Hou's descendant,
'毕万' (bi4 wan4), was assigned to Han
Yuan. His descendants adopted Han '韩' as their last name.
From the transcription of non-Han names
Non-Han ethnic groups tend to adopt Chinese last names through the
process known as sinicization
During the reforms of Emperor Xiao Wen of Northern
, the Xianbei
last name 'Dahan', 大汗
(da4 han4) in Chinese, was changed to Han '韩' because the two names
sound similar after 'Da' or '大' is dropped.
Manchu clan names Hacihuri '哈思呼哩' (Ha1 Si1 Hu1 Li1), Hangiya '韩佳'
(Han2 Jia1), Hanja '罕扎' (Han4 Zha1), Hanyan '翰颜' (Han2 Yan2), and
Gilate '吉喇特' (Ji2 La3 Te4) were changed to Han '韩'.
From given name to surname
The mythical Yellow Emperor
had a son
(昌意), who had a son with the given
name Han Liu
(韩流). Those who claimed to be
Han Liu's descendants adopted Han as their last name.
Prominent people with surname 韩/韓