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Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreismarker, in Hessemarker, Germanymarker. It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Mainmarker.




Hanau was first mentioned in 1143 and became a city in 1303.

At the end of the 16th century, Count Philipp Ludwig II allowed Protestant refugees from the Netherlandsmarker to found their own settlement near Hanau, to which these Walloons brought their knowledge of jewellery production. For this reason goldsmiths are still educated there. In the 19th century the Neustadt (New Town), as it was called, was merged with Hanau.

In the 19th century Hanau was a centre of the German democratic movement and contributed significantly both in 1830 and in the Revolution of 1848. Also in 1848 the German Gymnastic League (Turnerbund) was founded here.

During World War II Hanau was for the most part destroyed by British airstrikes in March 1945 a few days before it was taken by the US Army. It remained a large US Army garrison until 2008.

Nowadays many inhabitants work in the technological industry (VAC, Heraeus) or commute to Frankfurt. Frankfurt International Airportmarker is only 30 km away.


  • Hanau is the 6th largest town in Hesse. Having recently lost its status as administrative centre of the Main-Kinzig-Kreismarker (Main-Kinzig district) to Gelnhausenmarker, proposals have been made, that Hanau should form its own administrative district.
  • More than 20% of the inhabitants are foreign nationals.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Hanau is twinned with 5 other towns: (Doornmarker, Netherlandsmarker terminated in January 2009.)

In addition it is associated with two other towns:


  • The German House of Goldsmiths (Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus)
  • Philippsruhe Castle
  • Health Establishment at Hanau-Wilhelmsbad
  • St Mary's Church (Marienkirche)
  • Walloon-Dutch Church (Wallonisch-Niederländische Kirche)

File:Hanau Wilhelmsbad Kuranlage.jpg|Historic Spa of Wilhelmsbad - Today Part of HanauFile:Hanau_Schloss_Philippsruhe.jpg|Philippsruhe Palace of HanauFile:Hanau_Philippsruhe_lion.jpg|Lion at the Philippsruhe PalaceFile:Goldschmiedehaus Hanau.jpg|German House of Goldsmiths (old town hall of Hanau)

Famous residents

Sculpture of brothers Grimm in Hanau


  • Turngemeinde 1837 Hanau a.V. (TGH), one of the oldest of Germany's sports clubs
  • Hanauer Rudergesellschaft 1879 e.V. (HRG), one of Germany's oldest rowing clubs
  • 1.Hanauer FC 1893 e.V. (Hanau '93), Hesse's oldest football/soccer club

External links


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