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Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton Countymarker, New Hampshiremarker, United States. The population was 10,850 at the 2000 census. In 2007, CNN and Money magazine rated Hanover the second best place to live in America.

Dartmouth Collegemarker and the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratorymarker (CRREL) are located in town. Hanover is one of only a handful of communities where the Appalachian Trail passes through the town center.

Norwich and Hanover share the first and one of the few inter-state school districts in the nation.

History

Hanover, New Hampshire, was chartered in 1761, and its first inhabitants arrived in 1765. At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as Dresden, and in the 1780s, Dresden was one of a group of neighboring New Hampshire communities that briefly defected to Vermontmarker, when the Republic of Vermont was independent. For a time, Dresden was the capital of the Republic. This status was short-lived after various political posturing. As a result, Vermont rejected the communities' defections, and they were returned to New Hampshire in the US. One remnant of this era is that the name "Dresden" is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school districtmarker serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermontmarker. Hanover has been home to Dartmouth Collegemarker since 1769.

Etymology

"Hannover," as it was spelled in the charter, was named either after a local parish in Connecticut or after the House of Hannover, in honor of the reigning British king, George III.

While it is possible that the name "Dresden" derived from the city in Germany, it is more likely derived directly from the old Sorbian word drezg ("forest") or Drezd'ane, for an inhabitant of a forest.

Notable inhabitants



Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 2.23% of the town. The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120. The CDP has a total area of , of which is land and is water.

Hanover borders the towns of Lymemarker, Canaanmarker, and Enfield, New Hampshiremarker; Norwich, Vermontmarker; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshiremarker. Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etnamarker and Hanover Center.

The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at above sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.

There are a great many trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for snowshoes and cross-country skis.

Climate

Hanover experiences a warm summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,850 people, 2,832 households, and 1,761 families residing in the town. The population density was 85.3 people per km2 (221.0/sq mi). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 23.5/km2 (60.9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 87.98% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. 2.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,832 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 16.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,470, and the median income for a family was $99,158. Males had a median income of $63,409 versus $35,771 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,393. About 0.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Town center

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,162 people, 1,829 households, and 967 families residing in the town's central settlement, or census-designated place (CDP). The population density was 1,792.2 people per square mile (692.6/km2). There were 1,891 housing units at an average density of 415.2/sq mi (160.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.27% White, 2.25% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 8.18% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.

There were 1,829 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.1% under the age of 18, 49.0% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,143, and the median income for a family was $90,548. Males had a median income of $56,667 versus $35,682 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,426. About 1.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

There are 3 public schools, 1 private school, 1 college, and 2 libraries in Hanover, including:

Infrastructure

Water
The Hanover Water Company supplies water for downtown Hanover from several local reservoirs. The company is owned by Dartmouth College (52.8%) and the Town of Hanover (47.2%), with management by the Town of Hanover under a contract. In 2000, all full-time company employees became town employees. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.

Other utilities
Fairpoint furnishes telephone communication. The municipality provides sewage treatment.

Sister cities



References

  1. http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0707/gallery.BPTL_top_100.moneymag/2.html retrieved on July 17, 2007
  2. Dartmouth
  3. The Western Rebellion
  4. [1] retrieved October 25, 2008
  5. The settlers in the riverside forest, an appellation fully compatible with that of the early inhabitants of the Hanover Plain.
  6. Frances C. Richmond Middle School
  7. Bernice A. Ray Elementary School


External links




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