Harriet Beecher Stowe (June
14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) was an American abolitionist and author. Stowe's novel
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
depicted life for African-Americans
under slavery; it reached millions as a
novel and play, and became influential in the U.S. and Britain and made the political issues of the 1850s
regarding slavery tangible to millions, energizing anti-slavery
forces in the American North, while provoking widespread anger in
meeting Stowe, Abraham Lincoln
allegedly remarked, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book
that made this great war
Connecticut on June 14, 1811, Beecher Stowe was the daughter of
an outspoken religious leader Lyman
Beecher and Roxana Foote, a deeply religious woman who died
when Stowe was four years old.
She was the sister of the
educator and author, Catharine
, clergymen Henry Ward
.Harriet enrolled in the seminary run by her eldest
sister Catharine, where she received a traditionally "male"
education. At the age of 21, she moved to Cincinnati,
Ohio to join her father, who had become the president of
Lane Theological Seminary, and in 1836 she married Calvin Ellis
Stowe, a professor at the seminary and an ardent critic of
The Stowes supported the Underground Railroad
and housed several
fugitive slaves in their home. They eventually moved to Brunswick,
Maine, where Calvin taught at Bowdoin College.
1850 Congress passed the Fugitive
prohibiting assistance to fugitives. Stowe was moved
to present her objections on paper, and in June 1851 the first
installment of Uncle Tom's Cabin
appeared in the antislavery journal National Era. The
forty-year-old mother of seven children sparked a national debate
and, as Abraham Lincoln
is said to
have noted, a war.Stowe died on July 1, 1896, at age eighty-five,
in Hartford, Connecticut.
Harriet worked as a teacher with her older sister Catharine.
Landmarks related to Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe House in Cincinnati, Ohio is the former home of her father Lyman Beecher on
the former campus of the Lane Seminary.
Her father was a
preacher who was greatly affected by the pro-slavery riots that
took place in Cincinnati in 1834. Beecher Stowe lived here until
her marriage. It is open to the public and operated as an
historical and cultural site, focusing on Harriet Beecher Stowe,
the Lane Seminary and the Underground Railroad
. The site also
1870s and 1880s, Harriet Beecher Stowe and her family wintered in
Mandarin, south of
Jacksonville on the St. Johns
Stowe wrote Palmetto Leaves
while living in
Mandarin, arguably the most effective and eloquent piece of
promotional literature directed at Florida's potential Northern
investors at the time. The book was published in 1873 and describes
Northeast Florida and its residents. In 1870, Stowe created an
integrated school in Mandarin for children and adults. This was an
early step toward providing equal education in the area and
predated the national movement toward integration by more than a
half century. The marker commemorating the Stowe family is located
across the street from the former site of their cottage. It is on
the property of the Community Club, at the site of a church where
Stowe's husband once served as a minister.
Harriet Beecher Stowe House in Brunswick, Maine is where Uncle Tom's
Cabin was written while Harriet and Calvin lived there when
Calvin worked at Bowdoin College.
Although local interest
for its preservation as a museum has been strong in the past, it
has long been an inn and German restaurant. It most recently
changed ownership in 1999 for $865,000.
Harriet Beecher Stowe House in Hartford, Connecticut is the house where Harriet lived for the last 23
years of her life.
In this cottage style house, there are
many of Beecher Stowe's original items and items from the time
period. In the research library, which is open to the public, there
are numerous letters and documents from the Beecher family. The
house is opened to the public and offers house tours on the half
Partial list of works
As Christopher Crowfield
- House and Home Papers (1865)
- Little Foxes (1866)
- The Chimney Corner (1868)
References and further reading
- Jeanne Boydston, Mary Kelley, and Anne Margolis, The Limits
of Sisterhood: The Beecher Sisters on Women's Rights and Woman's
Sphere (U of North Carolina Press, 1988),
- Matthews, Glenna. "'Little Women' Who Helped Make This Great
War" in Gabor S. Boritt, ed. Why the Civil War Came -
Oxford University Press pp 31–50.
- Gossett, Thomas F. Uncle Tom’s Cabin and American
Culture. Southern Methodist University Press: 1985.
- Hedrick, Joan D. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life. Oxford
University Press: 1994, the main scholarly biography
- Rourke, Constance Mayfield.
Trumpets of Jubilee: Henry Ward Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe,
Lyman Beecher, Horace Greeley, P.T. Barnum
- Stowe, Charles Edward. The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe:
Compiled from her letters and journals. (1889). by her
- Sundquist, Eric J. ed. New Essays on Uncle Tom’s
Cabin. Cambridge University Press: 1986.
- Weinstein, Cindy. The Cambridge Companion to Harriet
Beecher Stowe. Cambridge UP, 2004. ISBN 978-0-521-53309-6
- Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore: Studies in the Literature
of the American Civil War (1962) pp 3–58
- Stowe, Harriet Beecher: Three Novels (Kathryn Kish Sklar, ed.)
(Library of America, 1982) ISBN
- Fritz, Jean. Harriet Beacher Stowe and The Beecher
- 12:04 in louisville kentucky
- Bailey, Gamaliel. Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Book Review. Washington, D.C.: The National Era, 1852
- Brown, David. The Planter; or, Thirteen Years in the South.
Philadelphia: H. Hooker, 1852
- Douglass, Frederick. Letter
to Harriet Beecher Stowe
- London Times Review, 1852. American Slavery. English opinion of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.”
- Slavery in the South. Cambridge: John Barlett, 1852
- Stearns, Reverend E.J. Notes on Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Philadelphia: Grambo &Co., 1853
- Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin. USA: 1852. New York:
Barnes and Nobles Classics: 2003.
- Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Letters
- The Patent Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Mrs. Stowe
in England. New York: Pudney & Russell, 1853
Council of Learned Societies. Harriet Elizabeth
Beecher Stowe. 1928-1936
- Bland, Celia. Harriet Beecher Stowe: Antislavery
Author. Chelsea House Publishers: 1993.
- Claybaugh, Amanda. Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Introduction. New York:
Barnes and Nobles Classics: 2003.
- Coil, Suzanne M. Harriet Beecher Stowe. Franklin
- Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Johnston, Johanna. Harriet and the Runaway Book. USA: Harper
and Row Publishers: 1977.
- Marck, John T. Harriet Beecher Stowe: her Life and Writings
- The Classical Text: Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Also wrote Poetry: Go to
- Stowe, Charles Edward Harriet Beecher Stowe:
The Story of Her Life. 1911. Page 203. Kessinger
Publishing. ISBN 1417902132, 9781417902132
- Thulesius, Olav. Harriet Beecher Stowe in Florida, 1867 to
1884. McFarland & Co, Jefferson, N.C. 2001.