Harrisburg is the capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the United States of America.
As of the
2000 census, the city had
a population of 48,950, making it the ninth largest city in
Pennsylvania, after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem and Lancaster.
is the county seat of Dauphin
County and lies on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, 105 miles
(169 km) west-northwest of Philadelphia. The
Harrisburg-Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Dauphin, Cumberland, and Perry counties, had a population of 509,074 in
2000. A July 1, 2007 estimate placed the population
at 528,892, making it the fifth largest Metropolitan Statistical
Area in Pennsylvania after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton (the Lehigh Valley),
and Scranton-Wilkes Barre. The Harrisburg-Carlisle-Lebanon Combined
Statistical Area, including both the Harrisburg-Carlisle and
Lebanon Metropolitan Statistical Areas, had an estimated population
of 656,781 in 2007.
Harrisburg played a notable role in American history during the
, the American Civil War
, and the Industrial Revolution
. During part of the
19th century, the building of the Pennsylvania Canal and later the Pennsylvania Railroad allowed
Harrisburg to become one of the most industrialized cities in the
ship USS Harrisburg
, which served from
1918 to 1919 at the end of World War
, was named in honor of the city.
Contrasted with its 1981 status as the second most distressed city
in the nation, Harrisburg has undergone a dramatic economic change,
with nearly $
3 billion in new investment now
The Pennsylvania Farm Show
the largest indoor agriculture exposition in the United States, was
first held in Harrisburg in 1917 and has been held there every
January since then. Harrisburg also hosts the annual "Auto Show," a
large static display of new as well as classic cars, which is
renowned nation-wide. Harrisburg is also known for the infamous
Island accident, which occurred in nearby Middletown.
Harrisburg's site along the Susquehanna River
is thought to have been
inhabited by Native Americans
early as 3000 BC. Known to the Native Americans as "Peixtin,"
or "Paxtang," the area was an important resting place and
crossroads for Native American traders, as the trails leading from
the Delaware to the Ohio rivers, and from the Potomac to the Upper
Susquehanna intersected there. The first European
contact with Native Americans in Pennsylvania was made by the
Englishman, Captain John
Smith, who journeyed from Virginia up the Susquehanna River in 1608 and visited with
the Susquehanna tribe.
John Harris, Sr.
, an English
trader, settled here and 14 years later secured grants of
800 acres (3.2 km2
) in this vicinity. In 1785,
John Harris, Jr.
made plans to lay
out a town on his father's land, which he named Harrisburg. In the
spring of 1785, the town was formally surveyed by William Maclay
, who was a son-in-law of John
Harris, Sr. In 1791, Harrisburg became incorporated and was named
the Pennsylvania state capital in October 1812,and has been
During the first part of the 19th century, Harrisburg was a notable
stopping place along the Underground Railroad
, as escaped
be transported across the Susquehanna River and were often fed and
given supplies before heading north towards Canada. The assembling
here of the Harrisburg Convention in 1827 led to the passage of the
high protective-tariff bill
In 1839, Harrison
were nominated for President of the United
at Harrisburg. By the 1830s Harrisburg was part of the
canal system and an important railroad center as
became dominant industries. Steel and other
industries continued to play a major role in the local economy
throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century. The city was
the center of enormous railroad traffic and supported large
furnaces, rolling mills, and machine shops. The Pennsylvania
Steel Company plant, which opened in nearby Steelton in 1866, was the first in the country; later
operated by Bethlehem
During the American Civil War
Harrisburg was a significant training center for the Union Army
, with tens of thousands of troops
passing through Camp Curtin
. It was also
a major rail center for the Union and a vital link between the
Atlantic coast and the Midwest, with several railroads running
through the city and spanning the Susquehanna River. As a result of
this importance, it was a target of General
Robert E. Lee
's Army of Northern Virginia
its two invasions. The first time during the 1862 Maryland Campaign, when Lee planned to
capture the city after taking Harpers
Virginia, but was
prevented from doing so by the Battle of Antietam and his subsequent retreat back into
The second attempt was made during the Gettysburg Campaign
in 1863 and was more
substantial. A short skirmish took place in June 1863 at
Hill, just 2 miles west of Harrisburg.
is considered by many to be the northern-most battle of the Civil
In the early 20th century, several Harrisburg residents became
involved in the City Beautiful movement. Mira Lloyd Dock and Horace
McFarland advocated urban improvements which were influenced by
European urban planning design and the Columbia Exposition.
Specifically, their efforts greatly enlarged the Harrisburg park
system, creating Riverfront Park, Reservoir Park, the Italian Lake
and Wildwood Park. In addition, schemes were undertaken for the
burial of electric wires, the creation of a modern sanitary sewer
system, and the beautification of an expanded Capitol
Many important events have helped to shape Harrisburg over the
years. The Pennsylvania Farm
, the largest indoor agriculture exposition in the United
States, was first held in 1917 and has been held every January
since then. The present location of the Show is the Pennsylvania State Farm Show
, located at the corner of Maclay and Cameron
streets. In June 1972, Harrisburg was
hit by a major flood from the remnants of hurricane Agnes
. On March 28, 1979, the Three Mile Island nuclear plant, along the Susquehanna River located south of
Harrisburg, suffered a partial meltdown.
meltdown was contained and radiation leakages were minimal, there
were still worries that an evacuation would be necessary. Governor
did recommend an
evacuation of pregnant women and preschool children who lived
within a five-mile radius of Three Mile Island. Although there were
about 5,000 people covered by this recommendation, over 140,000
people fled the area.
After Harrisburg suffered years of being in bad shape economically,
Stephen R. Reed
was elected mayor in 1981 and has been
re-elected ever since, making him the city's longest serving mayor.
He immediately started projects which would attract both businesses
and tourists. Several museums and hotels such as Whitaker
Center for Science and the Arts, the National
Civil War Museum and the Hilton Harrisburg
and Towers were built during his term, along with many office
buildings and residences.
Several semi-professional sports
franchises, including the Harrisburg
of the Eastern League
, the defunct
indoor soccer club
and the Harrisburg City
of the USL Second
began operations in the city during his tenure as
mayor. While praised for the vast number of economic improvements,
Reed has also been criticized for population loss and mounting
debt. For example, during a budget crisis the city was forced to
sell $8 million worth of Western and American-Indian artifacts
collected by Mayor Reed for a never-realized museum celebrating the
Harrisburg is located at (40.269789, -76.875613).
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
11.4 square miles (29.6 km2
), of which,
8.1 square miles (21.0 km2
) of it is land and
3.3 square miles (8.6 km2
) of it (29.11%) is
to the north of Harrisburg is the Blue Mountain ridge of the
Mountains. The Cumberland
Valley lies directly to the west of Harrisburg and the
Susquehanna River, stretching into northern Maryland.
The fertile Lebanon Valley
lies to the east.
Harrisburg's western boundary is formed by
the Susquehanna River, which also
serves as the boundary between Dauphin and Cumberland counties.
The city is divided into numerous
neighborhoods and districts. Like many of Pennsylvania's cities and
that are at "build-out" stage,
there are several townships outside of Harrisburg city limits that,
although autonomous, use the name Harrisburg
and name-place designation. They include the townships of: Lower
Paxton, Middle Paxton, Susquehanna, Swatara and West Hanover in Dauphin County. The borough of
Penbrook, located just east of Reservoir
Park, was previously known as East Harrisburg.
along with the borough of Paxtang, also located just outside of the city limits,
maintain Harrisburg zip codes as well.
The United States Postal Service
designates 26 zip codes for Harrisburg, including 13 for official
use by federal and state government agencies.
People and culture in Harrisburg
major performance centers. The Whitaker
Center for Science and the Arts, which was completed in 1999, is the first center
of its type in the United States where education, science and the
performing arts take place under one
The Forum, a 1,763-seat concert and lecture hall built
in 1930-31, is a state-owned and operated facility located within
the State Capitol
. Since 1931, The Forum has been home to the Harrisburg Symphony
Beginning in 2001, downtown Harrisburg saw a surge of commercial
nightlife development. This has been credited with reversing the
city's financial decline, and has made downtown Harrisburg a
destination for events from jazz festivals to Top-40
Harrisburg is also the home of the annual Pennsylvania Farm Show
, the largest
kind in the nation. Farmers from all over Pennsylvania come to show
their animals and participate in competitions. Livestock are on
display for people to interact with and view. In 2004, Harrisburg
, an international public
that has been featured in
major cities all over the world. Fiberglass sculptures of cows are
decorated by local artists, and distributed over the city centre,
in public places such as train stations and parks. They often
feature artwork and designs specific to local culture, as well as
city life and other relevant themes.
As of the census of 2005, there were an estimated 47,472 people
living in Harrisburg. In the census
there were 48,950 people, 20,561 households, and 10,917 families
residing in the city. The population
was 6,035.6 people per square mile (2,330.4/km²). There
were 24,314 housing units at an average density of
2,997.9/sq mi (1,157.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was
, 54.83% Black
or African American
, 0.37% Native American
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 6.54% from
, and 3.64%
from two or more races. 11.69% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. Harrisburg is the
6th most populous city in eastern Pennsylvania and 47th in the
nation of Vietnamese
with 2,649 residents.
There were 20,561 households out of which 28.5% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 23.4% were married couples
living together, 24.4% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 46.9% were non-families.
39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age
of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to
64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
33 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,920, and the
median income for a family was $29,556. Males had a median income
of $27,670 versus $24,405 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$15,787. About 23.4% of families and 24.6% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 34.9%
of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.
The very first census taken in the United States occurred in 1790.
At that time Harrisburg was a small, but substantial colonial
town with a population of 875 residents. With the increase of the
cities prominence as an industrial and transportation center,
Harrisburg reached its peak population build up in 1950, topping
out at nearly 90,000 residents. Since the 1950s, Harrisburg, along
with other northeastern urban centers large and small, has
experienced a declining population that is ultimately fueling the
growth of its suburbs
, although the decline
- which was very rapid in the 1960s and 1970s - has slowed
considerably since the 1980s. Unlike Western and Southern states, Pennsylvania maintains a complex system of
municipalities and has very little legislation on either the
annexation/expansion of cities or the consolidating of municipal
Reversing fifty years of decline, 2007 Census Bureau estimates show
that Harrisburg's population has actually grown. Between 2006 and
2007, Harrisburg gained 22 people.
The Harrisburg area has two daily newspapers. The Patriot-News
is published in Harrisburg
and has a daily circulation of over 100,000. The Sentinel, which is published
in Carlisle, roughly 20 miles west of Harrisburg, serves many
of Harrisburg's western suburbs in Cumberland
The Press and Journal
published in Middletown, is one of many weekly, general information
newspapers in the Harrisburg area. There are also numerous television and
radio stations in the Harrisburg/Lancaster/York area, which makes up the 41st largest
media market in the nation.
According to Arbitron, Harrisburg's radio market is ranked
This is a list of FM stations
greater Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
This is a list of AM stations
||City of license
||Now ESPN Radio (Formerly Adult R&B: The Touch)
||sports: "The Ticket"
Harrisburg in film
Several feature films
and television series
have been filmed or set
in and around Harrisburg and the greater Susquehanna Valley
Museums, art collections, and sites of interest
- Broad Street Market, one of the oldest continuously operating farmers markets in the United
- Capital Area Greenbelt, a
twenty mile long greenway linking city
neighborhoods, parks and open spaces
- Fort Hunter Mansion and
Park, located north of downtown Harrisburg on a bluff
overlooking the Susquehanna River
- John Harris - Simon Cameron
Mansion, a National Historic Landmark located in
downtown Harrisburg along the river
- National Civil War Museum, located at Reservoir Park
- Pennsylvania National Fire
State Farm Show Arena, one of the largest convention/exhibition
centers on the east coast
State Capitol Complex
- Reservoir Park, the largest public park in the city
- State Museum of Pennsylvania
- Strawberry Square, across the street from the Capitol Complex, home
of many state offices and a small shopping center
- Susquehanna art museum, located in downtown Harrisburg
Center for Science and the Arts, features an IMAX
Parks and recreation
Since the early 1700s, Harrisburg has been home to many people of
note. Because it is the seat of government for the state and lies
relatively close to other urban centers, Harrisburg has played a
significant role in the nation's political, cultural and industrial
have also taken a leading role in
the development of Pennsylvania's history for over two centuries.
Two former U.S. Secretaries of War, Simon
and Alexander Ramsey
and several other prominent political figures, such as former
speaker of the house Newt Gingrich
hail from Harrisburg. The actor Don
was born near Harrisburg, along with the actor Richard
Sanders, most famous for playing Less Nessmen in WKRP in Cincinnati
notable individuals are interred at Harrisburg Cemetery and East Harrisburg Cemetery.
Harrisburg is home to the Pennsylvania
State Capitol. Completed in 1906, the central dome rises to
a height of and was modeled on that of St. Peter's
Basilica in Vatican
City, Rome. The building was designed by Joseph Miller Huston and is adorned
with sculpture, most notably the two groups, Love and Labor,
the Unbroken Law and The Burden of Life, the Broken
Law by sculptor George Grey
Barnard; murals by Violet Oakley and Edwin Austin
Abbey; tile floor by Henry Mercer,
which tells the story of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The state capitol is only the third-tallest building of Harrisburg.
The five tallest buildings are 333 Market Street with a height of ,
Pennsylvania Place with a height of , the Pennsylvania State
Capitol with a height of , Presbyterian Apartments with a height of
and the Fulton Bank Building with a height of .
Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr. City Government Center
, the only city hall in the
United States named for a civil rights
leader, serves as a central location for the administrative
functions of the city.
Harrisburg has been served since 1970 by the “strong mayor
” form of municipal
government, with separate executive and legislative branches. The
Mayor serves a four-year term with no term limits. As the full-time
chief executive, the Mayor oversees the operation of 34 agencies,
run by department and office heads, some of whom comprise the
Mayor’s cabinet, including the Departments of Public Safety (police
and fire bureaus), Public Works, Business Administration, Parks and
Recreation, Incineration and Steam Generation, Building &
Housing Development and Solicitor. The city has 721 employees
(2003). The current mayor of Harrisburg is Stephen R. Reed
(D), whose current term expires January
There are seven city council members, all elected at large, who
serve part-time for four-year terms. There are two other elected
city posts, City Treasurer and City Controller, who separately head
their own fiscally related offices.
Dauphin County Government Complex
, in downtown
Harrisburg, serves the administrative functions of the county.
trial court of general jurisdiction for
Harrisburg rests with the Court of Dauphin County and is largely funded and operated by county
resources and employees.
State Capitol Complex
, dominates the city's stature as
a regional and national hub for government and politics. All
administrative functions of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are
located within the complex and at various nearby locations.
Commonwealth Judicial Center
Pennsylvania's three appellate
, which are located in Harrisburg. The Supreme
Court of Pennsylvania, which is the court of last resort in the state,
regularly hears arguments at.
The Superior Court of
and the Commonwealth Court of
are located here. Judges for these courts are
elected at large.
Ronald Reagan Federal Building and
Courthouse, located in downtown Harrisburg,
serves as the regional administrative offices of the federal government.
of the U.S.
Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania
is also located
within the courthouse.
Property Tax Reform
Harrisburg is also known world wide for its use of land value taxation
. Harrisburg has
at a rate six times that
on improvements since 1975, and this policy has been credited by
its long time mayor, Stephen R. Reed, as well as by the city's
former city manager
during the 1980s
with reducing the number of vacant
from about 4,200 in 1982 to less than 500.
and International airlines provide services via Harrisburg
International Airport (MDT), which is located southeast of the city in
HIA is the third-busiest commercial
in Pennsylvania, both in terms of
passengers served and cargo shipments. Passenger carriers that
serve HIA include US Airways
, United Airlines
, Delta Air Lines
, Northwest Airlines
, Continental Airlines
, Air Canada
, and AirTran Airways
. Capital City
Airport (CXY), a moderate-sized business class and general aviation airport, is located across
the Susquehanna River in the nearby suburb of New
Cumberland, south of Harrisburg. Both airports are
owned and operated by the Susquehanna Area
Regional Airport Authority (SARAA), which also manages the
County Regional Airport in Chambersburg and Gettysburg Regional Airport in Gettysburg.
Harrisburg is served by Capital Area Transit
which provides public bus
, and commuter
service throughout the greater metropolitan area.
Construction of a commuter rail line called
CorridorOne will eventually link the
city with nearby Lancaster in 2008.
plans for the region call for the commuter rail line to continue
westward to Cumberland County, ending at Carlisle.
In early 2005, the project hit a roadblock
when the Cumberland County Commissioners
opposed the plan to extend
commuter rail to the West Shore. Due to lack of support from the
county commissioners, the Cumberland County portion, and the two
new stations in Harrisburg have been removed from the project. In
the future, with support from Cumberland County, CorridorOne may
extend to both shores of the Susquehanna River
, where the majority of
the commuting base for Harrisburg resides.
In 2006, a second phase of the rail project (named CorridorTwo) was
announced to the general public. It will link downtown Harrisburg with its eastern
suburbs in Dauphin and Lebanon counties (including Hummelstown, Hershey and Lebanon), and the city of York in York County. Future passenger rail corridors also include
Route 15 from the Harrisburg area
towards Gettysburg, as well as the Susquehanna River communities
north of Harrisburg, and the Northern Susquehanna Valley region.
Intercity bus service
The lower level of the Harrisburg Transportation Center serves as
the city's intercity bus terminal
Daily bus services are provided by Greyhound
, Capitol Trailways
, Fullington Trailways
, and Susquehanna Trailways
. They connect
Harrisburg to other Pennsylvania cities such as Allentown, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Reading, Scranton, State College, Williamsport, and York and nearby, out-of-state cities such as Baltimore, Binghamton, New York, Syracuse, and Washington, D.C., plus many other destinations via
Regional scheduled line bus service
public transit provider in York County, Rabbit
Transit, operates its RabbitEXPRESS bus service on weekdays
between the city of York and both downtown Harrisburg and the main
campus for Harrisburg
Area Community College.
The commuter-oriented service is
designed to serve York County residents who work in Harrisburg,
though reverse commutes are possible under the current schedule.
Buses running this route make limited stops in the city of York and
at two park and rides
along Interstate 83
between York and Harrisburg
before making various stops in Pennsylvania's capital city. As of
May 2007, the RabbitEXPRESS operates three times in the morning and
three times in the afternoon.
A charter/tour bus operator, R
& J Transportation
, also provides weekday, scheduled route
commuter service for people working in downtown Harrisburg.
J, which is based in Schuylkill County, operates two lines, one between Frackville and downtown Harrisburg and the other between
Minersville, Pine Grove, and downtown Harrisburg.
The Pennsylvania Railroad
main line from New York to Chicago passed through Harrisburg. The
line was electrified
in the 1930s,
with the wires reaching Harrisburg in 1938. They went no further.
electrify through to Pittsburgh and thence to Chicago never saw fruition;
sufficient funding was never available.
became where the PRR's crack expresses such as the Broadway Limited
changed from electric
traction to (originally) a steam
, and later a diesel
. Harrisburg remained a freight rail hub for PRR's
, which was later sold off
and divided between Norfolk
Norfolk Southern acquired all of Conrail's lines in the Harrisburg
area and has continued the city's function as a freight rail hub.
Southern considers Harrisburg one of the 3 primary hubs in its
system, along with Chicago and Atlanta, and operates 2 intermodal (rail/truck
transfer) yards in the immediate Harrisburg area.
Yard (formerly called Lucknow Yard) is located in the north end
of Harrisburg, approximately 3 miles north of downtown
Harrisburg and the Harrisburg Transportation Center, while the
Yard is located approximately 6 miles east of downtown
Harrisburg in Swatara Township, Dauphin
County. Norfolk Southern also operates a significant
classification yard in the
Harrisburg area, the Enola
Yard, which is located across the Susquehanna River from
Harrisburg in East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland
Intercity Passenger Rail
provides service to and from
Harrisburg. The passenger rail operator runs its
services between New York, Philadelphia, and the Harrisburg
Transportation Center daily. The Pennsylvanian route, which
operates once daily, continues west to Pittsburgh. As of April 2007, Amtrak operates 14 weekday
roundtrips and 8 weekend roundtrips daily between Harrisburg,
Lancaster, and Philadelphia 30th Street
Station; most of these trains also travel to and from
between Harrisburg and Philadelphia was improved in
the mid-2000s, with the primary improvements completed in late
2006. The improvements included upgrading the electrical catenary,
installing continuously welded rail, and replacing existing wooden
railroad ties with concrete ties. These improvements increased
train speeds to 110 mph
corridor and reduced the travel time between Harrisburg and
Philadelphia to as little as 95 minutes. It also eliminated the
need to change locomotives at 30th Street Station (from diesel to
electric and vice-versa) for trains continuing to or coming from
New York. As of Federal Fiscal Year 2006, the Harrisburg
Transportation Center was the 2nd busiest Amtrak station in
Pennsylvania and 24th busiest in the United States.
Harrisburg is the location of over a dozen large bridges, many up
to a mile long, that cross the Susquehanna River
. Several other important
structures span the Paxton Creek
watershed and Cameron Street
Center City with neighborhoods in East
. These include the State Street Bridge, also known as the Soldiers and Sailor's Memorial
Bridge, and the Mulberry Street Bridge. Walnut Street Bridge
used only by pedestrians and cyclists, links the downtown and
Riverfront Park areas with City Island but goes no further as spans
are missing on its western side.
The City of Harrisburg is served by the Harrisburg School District
for the city’s youth beginning with all-day kindergarten
through twelfth grade. A
multi-year restructuring plan is aimed at making the district a
model for urban public
. The district has been troubled for years with
management fiascos and poor test scores. In the summer of 2007,
more than 2,000 city students were enrolled in educational programs
offered by the Harrisburg School District as remediation.
The city also maintains one public charter school
, the Sylvan Heights Science
. In addition, Harrisburg is home to an
arts-focused magnet school
Capital Area School for
. In 2003, SciTech High, a regional math and science magnet school
affiliated with Harrisburg University, opened its doors to students.
number of virtual public charter schools provide residents with
many alternative to the bricks and morter public school
Central Dauphin School
District, the largest public school district in the metropolitan
area and the 13th largest in Pennsylvania, uses several
Harrisburg postal addresses for many of the districts
Harrisburg is home to an extensive Catholic educational system.
nearly 40 parish-driven elementary schools and seven Catholic high
schools within the region administered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of
Harrisburg, including Bishop McDevitt High School and Trinity High School. Numerous other private schools, such as
Londonderry School and The Circle
School, which is a Sudbury Model school, also operate in Harrisburg.
Academy, founded in 1784, is one of the oldest independent
college preparatory schools in
The Rabbi David L. Silver Yeshiva
, founded in 1944, is a progressive, modern Jewish day
school. Also, Harrisburg is home to Harrisburg Christian School, founded in 1955.
- Dixon University Center, located in Uptown, serves as the office of
Chancellor and the central headquarters of the Pennsylvania State
System of Higher Education (PASSHE). With a total
student enrollment 110,428, PASSHE is one of the largest university
systems in the United States.
- Harrisburg Area
Community College: the original campus of the college, the
Harrisburg Campus, and Penn Center and Midtown campus which are branches of
the Harrisburg Campus are located in Harrisburg. Newer campuses are
located in Gettysburg, Lancaster, Lebanon and York.
- Harrisburg University of Science and
Technology, located in Center City.
- Penn State Harrisburg Eastgate
Center, located in Center City.
- Temple University Harrisburg
Campus, located in Center City.
- Widener University Harrisburg
Campus including its School of Law
- Central Pennsylvania
College, located in Summerdale, Pennsylvania.
- Dickinson College, located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
- Duquesne University (Capital Region Campus), located in Lemoyne, Pennsylvania.
- Elizabethtown College, located in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania. Elizabethtown College is a consortium
member of the Dixon University Center, offering seven accelerated, undergraduate degree
programs in the Harrisburg area.
- Gettysburg College, located in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
- Lebanon Valley College, located in Annville, Pennsylvania.
- Lutheran Theological Seminary at
Gettysburg, located in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
- Messiah College, located in Grantham, Pennsylvania.
- Penn State
Dickinson School of Law, located in Carlisle,
State Hershey Medical Center, located in Hershey, Pennsylvania.
- Penn State Harrisburg (Main Campus), located nearby in Middletown, Pennsylvania.
- Shippensburg University, located in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.
- United States Army War
College, located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Notable natives and residents
- James Boyd, a resident of
Front Street, wrote a novel about the city in 1935, Roll
- Glenn Branca, an avant-garde
composer and guitarist, was born here
- Bruce Brubaker, MLB player for the Los
Angeles Dodgers and Milwaukee
- Candace Gingrich, civil rights
- Newt Gingrich, former U.S.
Representative from Georgia
- Danny Lansanah, NFL player for the Green
- John O'Hara, a
native of Pottsville, lived in Harrisburg briefly to write his novel
about the city, A Rage to Live, published in 1949.
Harrisburg, disguised as Fort Penn, appears also in other O'Hara
- Bobby Troup, actor, jazz pianist,
and songwriter (known for the standard (Get Your Kicks On) Route 66
and as Dr. Joe Early on the TV Series Emergency!).
- Robert White, one of
the Funk Brothers who played on the
Motown hits in the 1960s, was born here
- The Underground Railroad
- "Harrisburg Industrializes, The coming of factories to an
American community," Eggert, Gerald G.; The Pennsylvania State
University Press, 1993
- Patton, Judith, "Summer schools draw 2,000 Harrisburg
students", PennLive, July 24, 2007.
- PASSHE Fact Sheet, available at
http://www.passhe.edu/content/?/about/facts, retrieved December 16,