Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located in Hartford
County on the Connecticut
River, north of the center of the state, south of Springfield,
Massachusetts. Its 2006 population of 124,512 ranks Hartford
as the state's second-largest city, after Bridgeport. New Haven, to the south, has a population nearly identical to
that of Hartford. Greater
is also the largest metro area in Connecticut and 45th
largest in the country (2006 census
with a metropolitan population of 1,188,841.
Nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World", Hartford houses
many of the world's insurance company headquarters, and insurance
remains the region's major industry. Almost 400 years old,
Hartford is among the oldest cities in the United States, and
following the American Civil War,
Hartford took the mantle of the country's wealthiest city from
In 1868, Mark Twain exclaimed: "Of all the
beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see, Hartford is the
With a new convention center and hotel, a recently completed
science center, the reclaimed riverfront, and an infusion of
residential and commercial ventures in the city, Hartford has begun
to attract new development, especially downtown, after years of
relative stagnation. It is home to the nation's oldest public art
Atheneum), the oldest public park (Bushnell Park), the oldest continuously published newspaper
Courant), the second-oldest secondary school (Hartford Public), and until its
recent closure, the sixth-oldest opera company in the nation
the Hartford metropolitan area ranked second per capita for
economic activity, behind San Francisco, California.
Hartford is ranked 32nd of 318 metropolitan
areas in total economic production and generates more economic
activity than sixteen U.S. states.
- This is a summary. For more information, see:
History of Hartford,
After Dutch explorer Adriaen Block
visited the area in 1614, fur traders from the New Netherland
colony set up trade at
Fort Goede Hoop
at the confluence of the Connecticut
and Park Rivers
as early as 1623, but
abandoned their post by 1654. Today, the neighborhood near the site
is still known as Dutch Point. The first English settlers
arrived in 1635 and their settlement was originally called Newtown,
but was renamed Hartford in 1637. The name "Hartford"
was chosen to honor the English town of Hertford, home of Samuel Stone,
one of the settlers.
leader of Hartford's original settlers from
what is now Cambridge, Massachusetts, Pastor Thomas Hooker,
delivered a sermon which inspired the writing of the Fundamental Orders of
Connecticut, a document (ratified January 14, 1639) investing
the people with the authority to govern, rather than
ceding such authority to a higher power.
1877 Map of Hartford
of self-rule embodied in the Fundamental Orders went on to inspire
, and ultimately the U.S. Constitution
. Today, one of the
Connecticut's nicknames is the 'Constitution State'.
On December 15, 1814, delegations from throughout New England
gathered at the Hartford
to discuss possible secession
from the United States. Later in the
century, Hartford was a center of abolitionist
activity. Harriet Beecher Stowe
, daughter of
Lyman Beecher and author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
, lived in
Nook Farm, part of the Asylum Hill section of the city.
On the week of 12 April, 1909 the Connecticut River
reached a then-record
flood stage of 24 1/2 feet above the low water mark flooding the
city and doing great damage.
6, 1944, the Hartford
Circus Fire destroyed the big top at the Ringling Bros. and
Barnum & Bailey Circus, the deadliest circus fire in the
history of the United States.
On November 3, 1981, Thirman
L. Milner became the first black mayor elected in New England. In
1987, Carrie Saxon Perry was elected mayor of Hartford, the first
female African-American mayor of a major American city.
State House Square in Downtown
Starting in the late 1950s the suburbs of Hartford grew while the
capital city began a long decline. This decline may have been
accelerated by construction of highways (including I-84
which intersect in downtown Hartford). Many residents moved out of
the city and into the suburbs, and this trend continues. During the
1980s, Hartford experienced an economic boom of sorts and by the
late 1980s, almost a dozen new skyscrapers were proposed to be
built in the city's downtown. For various reasons, including the
economic recession that followed in the early 1990s, many of these
buildings were never built. By the beginning of the twenty-first
century, many workers in Hartford lived more than twenty-minutes
drive from the city—though according to the Census Bureau, the
city's average commute time of 22 minutes is a full three minutes
less than the U.S. average . In the past few years, development,
both commercial and residential, has increased downtown.
Geography and Climate
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
18.0 square miles (46.5 km²), of which, 17.3 square
miles (44.8 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles
(1.7 km²) of it (3.67%) is water.
is bordered by the towns of West Hartford,Newington, Wethersfield, East Hartford, Bloomfield, South Windsor, and Windsor.
Connecticut River at Hartford, looking
The Connecticut River
boundary between Hartford and East Hartford.
Park River originally
divided Hartford into northern and southern sections and was a
major part of Bushnell
Park but river was nearly completely enclosed and buried
by flood control projects in the 1940s. The former course of
the river can still be seen in some of the roadways that were built
in its place, such as Jewell St. and the Conlin-Whitehead Highway.
Hartford lies in the Humid
zone. Summers are typically hot and muggy
by New England standards, while winters are typically cold with
frequent snowfall. The average annual precipitation is
approximately , which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the
year. Hartford typically receives about 48.0 inches of snow in
an average winter; the record seasonal snowfall was during the
winter of 1995-1996. The first snowfall typically occurs in mid to
late November and the last snow of the season usually occurs in
late March, although accumulating snow has occurred as early as
late September and as late as mid-May in extreme events. During the
summer, temperatures often exceed 90 °F (32 °C). Thunderstorms are
common during the summer months since the frontal boundary that
separates the tropical air mass from colder air to the north moves
back and forth over the city. While these thunderstorms may be
severe with damaging winds and hail, tornadoes are rare. Tropical
storms and hurricanes have also struck Hartford, although the
occurrence of such systems is rare and is usually confined to the
remnants of such storms.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 121,578
people, 44,986 households, and 27,171 families residing in the
city. The population density
7,025.5 people per square mile (2,711.8/km²). There were 50,644
housing units at an average density of 2,926.5/sq mi
(1,129.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 27.72% White
, 38.05% Black
or African American
, 0.54% Native American
, 0.11% Pacific Islander
, 26.51% from
, and 5.44%
from two or more races. 40.52% of the population were Hispanic
, chiefly of Puerto Rican origin.
17.83% of the population classified itself as non-Hispanic
There were 44,986 households out of which 34.4% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 25.2% were married couples
living together, 29.6% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families.
33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the city, the population distribution skews young: 30.1% under
the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from
45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
thirty per cent of the population living below the poverty line, Hartford's rate of poverty is
second in the United
States only to Brownsville, Texas.
About 28.2% of families were below the
, including 41.0% of those
under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,820, and the
median income for a family was $27,051. Males had a median income
of $28,444 versus $26,131 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$13,428. After World War II
continuing through the latter half of the 20th century, many
moved to the
city. As of 2000, 32.56% of Hartford residents claimed Puerto Rican
heritage. This was the second largest concentration of
Puerto Ricans on the US mainland, behind only Holyoke,
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of
October 25, 2005
Pratt Street in Downtown
Hartford's neighborhoods are a diverse and historic lot. The
central business district, as well as the State Capitol, Old State
House and a number of museums and shops are located Downtown.
Parkville, home to Real Art Ways, is named for the confluence of
the north and the south branches of the Park River. Frog Hollow, in close
proximity to Downtown, is home to Pope
Park and Trinity College which is one of the nation's oldest institutions of
higher learning. Asylum Hill, a mixed residential and
commercial area, houses the headquarters of several insurance
companies as well as the historic homes of Mark
Twain and Harriet
Beecher Stowe. The West End, home to the Governor's
residence, Elizabeth Park, and the University of Hartford, abuts the Hartford Golf Club. Sheldon Charter Oak
is renowned as the location of the Charter
Oak and its successor monument as well as the former Colt headquarters including
Samuel Colt's family estate - Armsmear.
The North East neighborhood is home to
Keney Park and a number of the city's oldest and ornate homes. The
South End features "Little Italy" and was the home of Hartford's
sizeable Italian community. South Green hosts Hartford Hospital
. The South Meadows is
the site of Hartford-Brainard Airport and Hartford's industrial community.
North Meadows has retail strips, car dealerships and the Dodge
Music Center. Other neighborhoods in Hartford include Barry Square,
Behind the Rocks, Blue Hills, Clay Arsenal, South West, and Upper
Travelers Tower in Downtown
Hartford is the historic international center of the insurance
industry, with companies such as
, The Hartford
The Phoenix Companies
based in the city. The area is also home to
, U.S. Fire Arms
and United Technologies
Nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Hartford was a major
manufacturing and publishing city. Among these was the pioneer
bicycle (and later) automobile
. As in many northern
industrial cities, many factories have been closed, relocated, or
Despite the city's lengthy history with the insurance industry,
various insurers have recently left Hartford and moved their
operations to other locations, including to some of Hartford's
suburbs. Citing the tax structure in the city and
parking shortages, MetLife recently vacated
several floors in CityPlace, Connecticut's largest office building,
and joined CIGNA in a large suburban campus in
Financial has recently cut its Hartford workforce, while
Travelers elected to construct a sprawling
training complex in Windsor, Connecticut, just north of the city. Additionally,
MassMutual recently relocated its
Hartford operations to Enfield, Connecticut, to be closer to its headquarters in Springfield,
Massachusetts, and the insurance giant The Hartford has relocated some of its
employees to nearby Simsbury, Connecticut.
At the same time, many companies have moved to or expanded in the
central business district and surrounding neighborhoods.
Aetna announced mid-decade that by 2010 it would move
nearly 3,500 employees from its Middletown, Connecticut offices to its corporate headquarters in the Asylum
Hill section of the city.
Travelers recently expanded its
operations at several downtown locations. In 2008, Sovereign Bank
consolidated two bank branches as well as its regional headquarters
in a nineteenth century palazzo on Asylum Street. In 2009,
Northeast Utilities, a Fortune 500 company and New England's
largest energy utility, announced it would establish its corporate
headquarters downtown. In the same year, work began at the
southeastern corner of Constitution Plaza on the AI Technology
Center, the future headquarters of the eponymous engineering firm.
AI's chief executive helped finance the building, the first
commercially leasable structure in Connecticut to be certified at
the platinum level under the US Green Building Council's LEED
(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) program. Other
recent entrants into the downtown market include GlobeOp Financial
Services, internet startup Geezeo and specialty insurance broker
Colleges and universities
houses several world-class institutions such as the Wadsworth
Atheneum and Trinity College. Other notable institutions include the
Hartford Conservatory (in the
Asylum Hill neighborhood), The
Institute of Living, Capital Community College (located Downtown in the old G. Fox Department Store
building on Main Street), the University of
Connecticut School of Business (also Downtown), the Hartford Seminary (in the West End), the
Connecticut School of Law (also in the West End) the University
of Connecticut Health Center Campus (in nearby Farmington)and
at Hartford (a North Meadows branch campus of Rensselaer
of Hartford features several cultural institutions: the
Joseloff Gallery, the Renee Samuels Center, and the Mort and Irma
Handel Performing Arts center.
The "U of H" campus is
co-located in the city's West End and in neighboring towns West
Hartford and Bloomfield.
Hartford and Springfield, Massachusetts region hosts over 26 colleges and universities
including each State's flagship university - the University
of Connecticut and the University of
Massachusetts-Amherst. Other area schools include Wesleyan
University and Manchester Community College. The Hartford-Springfield area has been
monikered as New England's Knowledge Corridor for the second
largest concentration of institutions of higher learning in
Primary and secondary education
Hartford is served by the Hartford Public Schools 
Hartford Public High
, the nation's second oldest high
, is located in the Asylum Hill neighborhood of Hartford.
The city is also home to Bulkeley High School on Wethersfield
Avenue, Weaver High School on Granby Street, and Sport Medical and
Sciences Academy on Huyshope Avenue. In addition, Hartford contains
The Learning Corridor, which is home to the Montessori Magnet
School, Hartford Magnet Middle School, Greater Harford Academy of
Math and Science, and the Greater Hartford Academy of the Arts. One
of the technical high schools in the Connecticut Technical High
School System, A.I. Prince Technical High
, also calls the city home.
Hartford area is also home to a number of prestigious private
schools including Avon Old Farms, the
Ethel Walker School, Kingswood-Oxford, Loomis
Porter's, Suffield Academy, the Watkinson School, the Westminster School and the
School for the Deaf, founded in Hartford in 1817 by Thomas Gallaudet
and Laurent Clerc, is the first institution for the education of
the deaf in America.
Points of interest
Aetna Headquarters in the Asylum Hill
- Aetna Headquarters - The
world's largest colonial revival
building, the Aetna headquarters is crowned by a tall Georgian
tower inspired by the Old State House downtown.
- Bulkeley Bridge - Spanning the Connecticut River and
connecting the city of Hartford with East Hartford, the nine-span
structure is the longest and widest stone-arch bridge in the
Center for the Performing Arts - Constructed in the 1930s by the same
architects who designed New York City's Radio City
Music Hall, the theater features a Georgian Revival exterior
and an exquisite Art Deco interior, with a large hand-painted mural
suspended from the ceiling that is the largest of its kind in the
- Bushnell Park - Located below the State
Capitol and legislative office complex, this park consists
of rolling lawn, sculpture, fountains, and a historic
carousel. It is the first park in the country purchased by a
municipality for public use, and it was designed by Jacob Weidenmann. The Soldiers &
Sailors Memorial Arch, a Civil War
Memorial which frames the northern entrance to the park, is the
arch in the United States.
- Cathedral of St.
Joseph - Located just west of downtown along
Farmington Avenue in the Asylum Hill neighborhood, this limestone
Roman Catholic cathedral (built in 1961 to replace its predecessor
lost to fire) has large Parisian stained glass windows, an 8,000
pipe organ, and the largest ceramic tile mural of Christ in Glory
in the world.
- Charter Oak Cultural Center
- Located at 21 Charter Oak Avenue, near the Charter Oak monument, COCC is housed in
Connecticut's first synagogue, built in 1876. Today it is a secular
non-profit institution bringing together art, drama, music, and
other cultural excursions.
- Cheney Building
- Constructed in the late 19th-century, this notable building by
famed architect H. H. Richardson is located Downtown on Main
Street. It housed the Brown, Thomson & Co. department
- Colt Armory - Topped with a blue and gold dome, the
complex was once the main factory building of Colt's Manufacturing
Company. It is currently being redeveloped and renovated
and will feature apartments, retail and office space.
Connecticut Science Center, Hartford,
CT on the Riverfront
- Connecticut State
Library & Supreme Court - Located in the hill
district near the State Capitol atop Bushnell Park, the building
also contains the Museum of Connecticut History and a number of
galleries devoted to Samuel Colt
Convention Center - The 540,000 square foot (42,000 m²)
convention center is now open, and
overlooks the Connecticut River and the central business
district. Attached to the center is a new 409 room, 22-story
Marriott Hotel (opened late August 2005).
Connecticut Executive Residence - An imposing Georgian revival mansion
situated near the highest point in the City of Hartford on upper
Prospect Avenue in the upscale West End. Four landscaped
acres surround the residence continuing the garden setting of
Elizabeth Park, just opposite Asylum Avenue.
Opera - Founded in 1942, is the six-oldest opera
company in the United States, performing three fully-staged operas
per season, primarily at The Bushnell Center for the Performing
Arts in Hartford.
- Connecticut State Capitol - Located atop Bushnell Park, this large
features many statues and engravings on its exterior. It is
topped with a gold leafed dome.
Plaza - Built in the early 1960s, Constitution Plaza
is a renowned, and notorious, redevelopment project. To build the plaza,
Hartford's historic Front Street neighborhood was razed. The
complex is composed of numerous office buildings, underground
parking, a restaurant, broadcasting studio and outdoor courtyards
and fountains. During the holiday season the area is filled with
Christmas lights for the Festival of
Light. The Plaza passes over I-91 and connects the city to the
Connecticut River by way of
- The Hartford
Financial Services Group headquarters campus on Asylum
Hill occupies the former site of the American
School for the Deaf, which has moved to a campus in West
- Hartford Public
Library - The Library was founded in 1774 and recently
renovated and expanded. It has over 500,000 holdings, an extensive
calendar of programs and free public access computers and
- Hartford Stage - One of the top regional theaters in the
Northeast (winner of a Tony Award)
dedicated to the production of classic works and new play
Symphony Orchestra - Connecticut's premier musical
organization and one of America's leading regional orchestras.
- The Hartt School
at the University of Hartford is recognized as one of the premiere
performing arts conservatories in the United States.
- Isham-Terry House- This Italian Villa was
built in 1854 as the residence of a businessman and is one of the
city's older homes.
Mark Twain House
- The Mark Twain House and Museum - Once the home of Samuel Clemens, the house is now a museum,
located in Nook Farm, now part of the Asylum Hill neighborhood, on
- Meadows Music Theater - Located in the North Meadows, it is an
indoor/outdoor amphitheater-style performance venue.
- Old State
House - The Old State House, dating back to
1796, makes it one of the nation's oldest. It was designed by
Charles Bulfinch, who later went on
to design the Massachusetts State House in Boston. Recently restored with a
gold-leafed dome rising from its top, the Old State House sits
facing the Connecticut River in Downtown. The Old State House was
the site of the Amistad trial.
Old State House
Mutual Life Insurance Building, an icon of modernist architecture and the
first two-sided building in the world, it is located on Constitution Plaza and listed on the
of Historic Places.
- Pope Park,
- Real Art Ways is one of the oldest alternative
art spaces in the United States. It hosts a vigorous schedule of
contemporary art, music, and film productions.
- Riverfront Recapture and Park - The park
connects the downtown with the Connecticut River. It contains bike
and walking trails, playing fields, and a white triangle-shaped
dome covers one of the performing stages. The boat launch for a
Connecticut River tour is also located here. A walkway spanning
the Connecticut River leads to East
- Saint Thomas Seminary -
Located on in Bloomfield, the seminary is three miles (5 km) north of
Hartford near the University of Hartford. Opened in 1930, its campus consists of
rolling greens and Gothic-inspired buildings.
and Sailors Memorial Arch - Located in Bushnell Park,
the now buried Park River once flowed beneath it. Honoring the 4,000
Hartford citizens who served in the American Civil War, and the 400 who
perished, the brownstone memorial is the first triumphal
arch in the United States.
Soldiers & Sailors Memorial
College - The liberal arts college, founded in
1823, has more than 2,100 students. The college is
consistently ranked as one of the top 30 liberal arts colleges in
America and is the second-oldest in Connecticut after Yale
- University of
Connecticut School of Business - In an effort to be
more accessible to part time business students, a branch of the
University of Connecticut Business school operates in downtown
Hartford. The building is located on Market Street just north of
- University of
Connecticut School of Law - located just off
Farmington Avenue, the campus features an extensive, large Gothic-inspired library. It is
consistently ranked as one of the top 50 law schools in the United
- University of Hartford - The University, which was founded in
1877, sits on with a campus on Bloomfield Avenue situated on land
divided between Hartford, West Hartford and Bloomfield.
Located in the Blue Hills neighborhood, the campus is minutes from
Downtown. There are more than 7,200 students and 86 undergraduate
- Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art - The oldest art museum in
the U.S. is located on Main Street in downtown Hartford opposite
the Travelers Tower. The museum features a significant
collection of Italian Baroque old masters and post-impressionist
modern art. In the plaza located between it and Hartford City Hall,
Alexander Calder's 'Stegosaurus'
sculpture sits in an open-air plaza.
- XL Center - Built in 1975, the center hosts concerts
and shows. Formerly home to the NHL
Hartford Whalers, it is currently
the home to the Hartford Wolf
Pack AHL hockey team and, part-time, to the UConn Huskies basketball team. A new 36
story apartment complex (Hartford 21) has been built directly atop
the XL Center and includes retail and entertainment space - it is
the tallest apartment building in New England (completed in 2006).
The arena also hosted WrestleMania
XI in 1995, the 1981 World Figure Skating Championship, and the
1986 NHL All Star Game.
Image:Hartford seen from Heublein Tower.jpg| Hartford seen from
Simsbury's Heublein Tower.Image:MainStHartford.jpg|Main Street
looking toward State House
SquareImage:ConnecticutStateLibrary.JPG|Connecticut State Library
and Supreme Court
of Connecticut State Capitol Building
RotundaImage:EntranceBushnellParkHartford.jpg|An Entrance to
Bushnell ParkImage:BushnellParkHartford.jpg|Bushnell Park in
SpringImage:Center Church, Hartford, Connecticut.JPG|Center
Cathedral Chapter HouseImage:ConfuciusHartford.jpg|Statue of
Confucius at the Bushnell Center for the Performing
ArtsImage:SpanishAmericanWarMemorialHartford.jpg|Statue of Nike,
the Greek Goddess of Victory; Spanish-American War Memorial in
Bushnell ParkImage:Horace Wells Monument, Hartford CT.JPG|Horace
Wells MonumentImage:GeniusofCTHartford.jpg|'Genius of Connecticut'
Statue in Capitol
BuildingImage:DepEnvProtectHartford.jpg|Connecticut Department of
Environmental Protection in former Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance
Company BuildingImage:HartfordTimesBldg.jpg|Beaux-Arts former
Hartford Times BuildingImage:HartfordStreet.jpg|Hispanic and
Jamaican Eateries near the
CapitolImage:EthiopianRestHartford.jpg|Ethiopian Restaurant in the
The Discover Hartford
Bicycling and Walking Tour
is a family friendly tour
of downtown Hartford. The most recent tour took place Saturday,
September 8, 2007 and was co-sponsored by the City of Hartford and
Connecticut Bicycle Alliance
. More than 45 Hartford community
organizations are supporting this unique experience of
Connecticut's capital city. The tour includes and bicycling
options, and a 2-hour walking tour option.
was once home to the NHL's Hartford Whalers who have since moved to
of Connecticut men's and women's basketball team - the UConn Huskies - also play a number of their
home games at the XL
Center downtown. Other home games are played at Gampel
Pavilion located on
the university's campus in Storrs.
Hartford also used to have a National
League baseball team
back in the
Hartford is also in the midst of obtaining a United Football League
Connecticut Convention Center
Billed as "New England's Rising Star", Hartford has generated
renewed interest with both local and national developers who are
investing heavily in the city through a variety of projects.
Investments include commercial and residential projects such as the
new 36-story Hartford 21 apartment tower, the new river front
Connecticut Science Center (opening Spring 2009), an extensive
system of riverfront trails and parks, neighborhood improvements to
Park Street and Parkville, renovation of the historic Colt building
in line with National Park standards, and significant development
in the central business district of condominiums and retail
In 1997, the city lost its professional hockey franchise, the
, but efforts are
being made to bring an NHL
team back to the
city. City officials and developers are talking about the
possibility of a new city arena to house this team.
Currently there are more than 1 billion dollars' worth of private
and publicly funded projects happening throughout the city's 17
neighborhoods. The overlying theme for development is to create
more activity downtown and attract more residents to the city's
Some of the major projects include:Adriaen's
The state- and privately-funded project is
situated on the banks of the Connecticut River
Boulevard, and connects to Constitution Plaza. Constitution Plaza
forced hundreds of households to relocate when it was built a few
decades ago. The latest project includes the Connecticut
Convention Center, which opened in June 2005 and is the largest
meeting space between New York City and Boston.
Attached to the Convention Center is the 22-story, 409 room
Hotel-Downtown which opened in August 2005. Being constructed next
to the convention center and hotel is the Connecticut Science
Center.The final component of the project, 'Front Street', sits
across from the Convention Center and covers the land between
Columbus Boulevard and the Hartford Times Building. The Front
Street development combines retail, entertainment and residential
components. Publicly funded parts of the project will include
transportation improvements. There have been significant delays in
the Front Street project - the first developer was removed from the
project because of lack of progress. The city has chosen a new
developer, but work is yet to begin on the retail and residential
component of Front Street. The city and state may soon take action
increase the speed with which the project enters implementation
phases. There has been talk of bringing an ESPN Zone to the Front Street (ESPN is headquartered in nearby Bristol). On the back side of Front Street, the
historic Beaux-Arts Hartford
Times Building is being converted for administrative offices for
In 2004, Underground Coalition, a
Connecticut hip hop promotion company, produced The First Annual
Hartford Hip Hop festival, which also took place at Adriaen's
Landing. The event drew over 5,000 fans.
Hartford 21: Recently
completed on the site of the former Hartford
Civic Center Mall (now known as the XL Center), the project includes a 36 story residential
tower—the tallest residential tower between New York City and Boston.
Attached to the tower is of office space and of retail space, all
contained within a connected complex. The Greater Hartford YMCA
has opened in the complex and will soon be closing
its Jewell Street site which will be knocked down for another
project. The XL Center Arena remains open and hosts the AHL Hartford Wolfpack and the UConn men's and women's basketball teams, as well as
shows and concerts.
Capital Community College at the 11-story G. Fox
Department Store Building:
The former home of the G. Fox &
Company Department Store
on Main Street has been renovated and
made the new home of Capital Community College as well as offices
for the State of Connecticut and ground level retail space. Capital
Community College helps train (mostly) adult students in specific
career fields. On Thursdays, vendors sell crafts on the Main Street
level. Two music clubs, Mezzanine and Room 960, are housed in the
Connecticut Culinary Institute
Connecticut Culinary Institute
: The school
recently relocated its main campus to the former Hastings Hotel and
Conference Center, which is next to Aetna
headquarters in the city's Asylum Hill neighborhood just west of
downtown. The school also has a branch campus in
The Hastings Hotel and Conference Center,
which closed abruptly in 2004, was the hotel where former President
stayed when he was in the
Rentschler Field: Though in neighboring East
Hartford, the stadium for UConn football was part of the
revitalization plan for Hartford and was built on some of the lands
donated by United
The bulk of the land donated will be used
for technology, entertainment, lodging and retail development. A
high-tech research park is also currently being planned for the
Transportation and parking changes:
Britain-Hartford Busway is in the works. Local activists are
pushing for more bike lanes, as well as for these lanes to be
respected by motorists and kept clear of debris. The local bicycle
advocacy organization formed in 2005, Central Connecticut
, has been making surprising inroads in
Hartford and the surrounding suburbs.
Some roads were turned into pedestrian walkways to reduce gridlock,
while other roads were widened or made one-way. Some intersections
were also improved to better handle traffic. A large parking garage
was built downtown to ease parking problems. A series of shuttle
routes was created, known as the "Star Shuttle" and now run by the
Hartford Transit District
New condos and apartments:
- Hartford 21: Opened
adjacent to the XL
Center in September 2006, this sleek 34-story apartment
tower is the tallest in New England, and is located at the
intersection of Trumbull Street and Asylum Street. The
building includes 232 luxury one-bedroom and two-bedroom units
(including four penthouses), an adjacent parking garage and
spacious common areas.
- Trumbull on the Park: Recently opened along
Bushnell Park, this apartment community is housed in a new 11-story
brick building along with a parking garage and ground-level retail
space. Additional units are housed in recently renovated historic
buildings on nearby Lewis Street.
- 55 on the Park: Formerly a SNET office building, it has been turned into luxury
apartments that sit along Bushnell Park. The building reopened a
few years ago and was among the first new residences to open
downtown in years.
- Sage Allen Building: On Main Street, the
former Sage Allen department store building has been turned into 44
4-bedroom townhouses as well as an upscale apartment building
comprising about 70 units that opened in January 2007. The project
also includes the renovation of the Richardson Food Court and the
reopening of Temple Street, which once again reconnects Main and
Market Streets. Many of the townhouses will be occupied by
of Hartford students. It sits directly across Market Street
from the University of Connecticut Graduate Business Learning Center.
- The Metropolitan: The former Hartford Electric
Light Company Building on Pearl Street is being converted into
- American Airlines Building: Located at 901
Main Street across from Capital Community College and the Residence Inn by Marriott, the
site was formerly home to an E.
J. Korvette department store and later American
Airlines. Today, the building is being converted into condominiums
and apartments with renovated ground-level retail space.
International Airport, in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, is twenty minutes north of Hartford and serves
Hartford and Springfield.
Other airports serving the Hartford area
Hartford city buses run at regular intervals throughout the city,
and less frequent service to the suburbs. A free circulator bus,
known as the "Star Shuttle," operates around downtown. Interstate
bus service is provided by Bonanza Bus, Greyhound Bus
and Peter Pan Bus Lines
. Chinatown bus lines
bus service between Hartford and their New York and Boston hubs.
Additionally, there are buses for connections to smaller cities in
the state. The bus station is located on the ground floor of the
transport center at One Union Place in Downtown Hartford.
the 1960s and 1970s, Hartford was a poster
for highway construction, and several highways surround
the downtown area. I-84, which
runs from Scranton, to its intersection with I-90 in Sturbridge, just over the Massachusetts border, and
I-91, which runs from New
Haven along the Connecticut
River to Canada, intersect
in downtown Hartford. In addition to I-84 and
I-91, two other highways service the city:
2, an expressway that runs from downtown Hartford to
Westerly, passing through Norwich and past Foxwoods Resort Casino; and the Wilbur
Cross Highway portion of Route 15 that skirts the southeastern part of the city
near Brainard Airport. A short connector known as the Conlin-Whitehead Highway also provides direct access from I-91 to the
Capitol Area of downtown Hartford.
Hartford experiences heavy traffic as a result of its substantial
suburban population (about 10 times that of the actual city), which
is proportionally much larger than that of any other nearby city.
As a result, thousands of people travel on area highways at the
start and end of each workday. I-84 experiences traffic from Farmington through Hartford and into East
Hartford and Manchester during the rush
major surface arteries also run through the city. Albany Avenue
(Route 44) runs westward through the
northern part of West Hartford to the hills of northern Litchfield County and into New York, and eastward towards Putnam and into Rhode Island. Main Street (Route 159) heads north through
Windsor towards the western suburbs of Springfield,
Massachusetts. Wethersfield Avenue (Route 99) heads south through
Wethersfield towards Middletown. Farmington Avenue heads west through West
Hartford Center and Farmington towards Torrington.
A bicycle route runs through the center of Hartford. This route is
a small piece of the large eastern bicycle route - the East Coast Greenway
(ECG). The ECG runs from
Maine to the Florida Keys.
The route is intended to be off road, but
some sections are currently on-road. The section through Hartford
is right through the middle of Bushnell Park.
The dependence on railroads has decreased since the construction of
and Interstate 84
through the city center.
However, Hartford's Union Station at One Union Place still operates
a significant schedule. Amtrak provides
service from Hartford to Vermont via Springfield, and southward to New Haven, with connections to New York, Boston, Providence, and Washington DC.
The station also serves numerous bus
companies because of Hartford's mid-way location on the New York to
Currently, there are preliminary plans to create a New
Haven-Hartford-Springfield Commuter Rail Line
with stations in
communities close to I-91
. It would
use rail currently used by Amtrak
, which in
turn was formerly part of the New York, New Haven
and Hartford Railroad
is owned by
Department of Transportation
. CTTRANSIT operates local and
commuter bus service within the city and the surrounding area. Taxi
service is available from the train station at 1 Union Place or by
calling one to any location in the area. There is a free downtown
shuttle, and city buses are equipped with bike racks.
The Hartford Courant Co.
The daily Hartford Courant
newspaper is the country's oldest continuously published newspaper,
founded in 1764. A weekly newspaper, owned by the same company that
owns the Courant, the Hartford
, also serves Hartford and the surrounding area,
as does the Hartford Business Journal
Business Weekly") and the weekly Hartford News.
The Hartford region is also served by several magazines. Among the
local publications are: Hartford Magazine,
a monthly lifestyle magazine
serving Greater Hartford; CT Cottages & Gardens
, a glossy monthly serving all of Connecticut; and
, a home and garden magazine published five times a year and
based in Hartford cover the entire state.One of them are Connecticut Public Television
Connecticut Public Television's headquarters are in Hartford.
stations serve the Hartford/New Haven market, which is the 29th largest market in the
Hartford News (860) 296-6128
- CPTV, public
- WFSB, Channel
- WTIC, Fox
- WVIT, NBC
- WUVN, WUVN
- [WHCT-LP 38 TV Azteca]
Famous Hartford residents
Hartford has been home to many historically significant people:
arts innovator "Chick"
(1900–1957); L. Paul Bremer
(b. 1941), ex-Administrator of
US-occupied Iraq and foreign service officer; city planner and
parks champion Frederick Law
(1822–1903); dictionary author Noah Webster
(1758 - 1843); inventor Sam Colt
(1814-1862); and American financier and
industrialist J.P. Morgan
Some of America's most famous authors lived in Hartford, including
(1835–1910), who moved to the
city in 1874; his next-door neighbor at Nook Farm, Harriet Beecher Stowe
poet Wallace Stevens
insurance executive in the city. More recently Dominick Dunne
(b. 1925) and John Gregory Dunne
(1932-2003) resided in
Actors and others in the entertainment business from Hartford
include Academy Award-winning film icon Katharine Hepburn
, actors Ben Cooper
, Tony Todd
, Jenna Dewan
, comedian Totie Fields
, William Gillette
, Eriq La Salle
, Charles Nelson
, film executive and academic August Coppola
(father of Nicolas Cage
, and Sophie Tucker
(1884–1966), "last of the red-hot mamas." Amy Brenneman, who grew up in Glastonbury, adapted the experiences of her mother, a
Connecticut Superior Court judge in Hartford, into the television
In the field of music, residents include Mark McGrath
; bass guitarist Doug Wimbish
(Sugar Hill Records, Living
Colour); Remote Control's Ken Ober
(Drummer for Lenny Kravitz
); jazz alto saxophonist Jackie McLean
; concert violinist Elmar Oliveira
(b.1950); gospel artist
were born in the city; and
brothers Jeff Porcaro
, R&B, Reggae,
Dancehall and Reggaeton artist Notch
; Mike Porcaro
of the group Toto
is from Hartford. Former
NHL player Craig Janney
was born in
Hartford. Basketball stars include NBA players Marcus Camby
, Johnny Egan
, and Michael Adams
, as well as NFL
kicker John Carney
Jeff Bagwell and Vin
Baker attended the University of Hartford.
Angel Arce Torres
is the victim of
a highly-publicized hit and
Hartford features numerous sister
. They include:
- Hertford, England: The town has a population of about 24,000
and serves many commuters to London.
The town has a country feel only north of London.
- Floridia, Italy: A small suburb of Siracusa located on the southeastern coast of the island of
- Thessaloniki, Greece This mediterranean port is Greece's
second largest city, with a population approaching 1 million
- Mangualde, Portugal: A small town in Centro Region that is very close to the
- Bydgoszcz, Poland: A city in north-central Poland. It
is part of the metroplex Bydgoszcz-Toruń with Toruń, only
45 km away, and over 850,000 inhabitants.
- Caguas, Puerto Rico: A
midsized city in central Puerto Rico. The city of Hartford
has the highest percentage of individuals with Puerto Rican
ancestry in the continental United States.
- Freetown, Sierra
Leone: Capital City of Sierra Leone.
Bay, Jamaica: A town in southeastern Jamaica. It
was the starting point of the only peasant rebellion in Jamaican
- New Ross, Ireland: A small town on the coast of the Irish Sea, south of Dublin. It is the ancestral home of the Kennedy family.
- Ocotal, Nicaragua: A large town in northern
- João Pessoa, Brazil: Capital of the State of Paraíba, in the Northeast region of the
Appearances in popular culture
- Hartford was one of the 23 American cities bombed in the CBS
- Hartford was the site of episode 3.29 of the documentary
television series Gangland on the History
Channel about its Los Solidos gang.
- The city was the setting for the Amy
Brenneman series Judging
Amy, which aired on CBS from
- Many scenes in the WB/CW series Gilmore Girls take place in
- Hartford was the setting for the 2002 movie, Far From Heaven.
- In the Simpsons episode They
Saved Lisa's Brain, Homer enters a talent competition in which
the winner will receive (as advertised on television) "a free trip
to Hawaii". When participants show up for the event, the announcer
reveals that the trip is actually to Hartford, Connecticut,
claiming that "no one said Hawaii".
- In Stephen King's novella The Mist, Hartford is the only word heard on the
radio by protagonist David Drayton after he leaves with a group
from the supermarket in his home town.
- Hartford is one of the Eastern seaboard cities shown to be
targeted with a nuclear weapon by the antagonist of the video game,
Call of Duty 4: Modern
- In the Kevin Smith written movies
Mallrats and Chasing
Amy, two different characters played by Jason Lee reference the Hartford Whalers. In Mallrats, Lee's
character Brody says, "Breakfasts come and go, Rene. Now Hartford,
the Whale? They only beat Vancouver once or twice in a lifetime."
In Chasing Amy, Lee's character Banky says, "What difference does
it make if I refer to her as a dyke? Or if I call the Whalers a
bunch of faggots in the comfort of my own office, far from the
sensitive ears of the rest of the world?"
- In US Census estimates between 2000 and 2006, New
Haven's and Hartford's populations have been estimated to be
within 500. Since such differences are well within the margin of
error in these estimates, the city which is actually larger will
not be known until the 2010 Census.
of Hartford History (The State of Connecticut is sometimes
known as "the land of steady habits.") Connecticut
Nicknames, Connecticut State Library
-  (In the time following the Civil War,
Hartford was the nations wealthiest city)from the New York Times,
- Letter from Mark Twain
- U.S. Metro Economies: GMP The Engines of America's
- Leassons from Thomas Hooker about the frailty of humanity
and the importance of a worldview by Steven Voigt, September
- Main Street Bridge
- [www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/techrpts/tr9602/tr9602.pdf The
Winter of 95-96: A Season of Extremes, National Climatic Data
- Poverty: 1999
- Puerto Rican ancestry by city - ePodunk
- Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles,
1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.37.
- Dixon, Ken, "Music Hall of Fame proposed for state", article in
Connecticut Post in Bridgeport, Connecticut, April 26,
2007 ("Other famous state residents include the late jazz
saxophonist Jackie McLean of Hartford")