The Full Wiki

More info on Hashem Aghajari

Hashem Aghajari: Map

Advertisements
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Hashem Aghajari ( ) also Seyyed Hashem Aghajari (born ~1957) is an Iranianmarker historian, university professor and a critic of the Islamic Republic's government who was sentenced to death in 2002 for apostasy for a speech he gave on Islam urging Iranians to "not blindly follow" Islamic clerics. In 2004, after domestic Iranian and international outcry, his sentence was reduced to time in prison.

Overview

Hashem Aghajari served in the Iran-Iraq War where he lost both his right leg below the knee, and his brother. He has been described as having an "impeccable Islamic revolutionary record."

He was a history professor at Tarbiat Modares University, a teacher-training college in Tehran. In June 2002 Aghajari gave an address in Hamadanmarker commemorating the 25th anniversary of the death of Dr. Ali Shariati, criticized some of the present Islamic practices in Iran as being in contradiction with the original practices and ideology of Islam, and calling for "Islamic Protestantism" and reform in Islam. This prompted an "immediate outcry" from hard-line clerics, who claimed that he was attacking "the Prophet of Islam and fundamental Shiite Islamic traditions", although Dr. Aghajari has repeatedly denied that his speech was intended as an attack on Islam or the Prophet.

He was arrested 8 August. His trial was criticized as falling "far short of international standards of due process", being "conducted behind closed doors", and giving the defendant "only limited access to his lawyer." convicted of apostasy by a regional court and on November 6, 2002 was sentenced to death by hanging, banned from teaching for 10 years, exiled for eight years to three remote cities, and 74 lashes.

Although other controversial death sentences have been reduced on appeal, Aghajari refused to appeal the ruling, announcing though his lawyer that "those who have issued this verdict have to implement it if they think it is right or else the judiciary has to handle it." While in prison his family reported that Aghajari's amputated leg stub was bruised and infected and that he was "unable to stand up, walk or use the prison's hygiene facilities." The human rights group, Amnesty International, campaigned against the sentence.

The death sentence was denounced by many. The Iranian parliament, President Mohammad Khatami, and Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri condemned it, and it provoked the biggest student protests in Iran in three years. The trial was criticized not only for its harshness but for falling "far short of international standards of due process," being "conducted behind closed doors", and giving the defendant "only limited access to his lawyer."According to The Economist magazine, Supreme leader Khamenei ordered the judiciary to review Aghajari's death sentence, but "hardliners in the judiciary at first ignored" his order "then assigned their least lenient judges to the review."

The sentence was later commuted to three years in jail, two years in probation, and five years' suspension of his social rights by the Supreme Court of Iran. In May 2004 the original regional court reinstated the death sentence, but the next month Iran's Supreme Court again reduced it.

He was released from prison July 31 2004 after paying a bail of $122,500, according to the Associated Press.

Explanation

According to Mashallah Shamsolvaezin, a "leading Iranian newspaper editor and confidant of Iranian President Mohammad Khatami" interviewed by Newsweek magazine, the arrest and stiff sentence were an attempt to distract attention from two bills to increase the power of president and curb the hard-liner conservatives' supervisory power which reformist President Khatami had introduced into Parliament.

The failure of Iran's Hezbollah paramilitaries to make "a serious attempt to break up" the peaceful reformist student protests over the sentence was thought to be associated with Supreme Leader Khamenei's implicit criticism of the sentence and the "impartiality" of his failing to side with conservative hardliners.

Awards and honors

  • Jan Karski Award for Moral Courage (2003)


See also



References

  1. "Iranian Court Again Spares Professor's Life" BURTON BOLLAG. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Washington: Jun 18, 2004. Vol. 50, Iss. 41; p.A.41
  2. "Liberal martyrdom in Iran", Charles Paul Freund. Reason. Los Angeles: Feb 2003. Vol. 34, Iss. 9; pg. 18, 2 pgs
  3. 9 November, 2002, Iran death sentence angers reformists
  4. Juan Cole, Informed Comment, Amnesty International Appeal for Dr. Aghajari
  5. AAAS Human Rights Action Network. 12 November 2002
  6. Statement protesting the sentenced execution of Professor Hashem Aghajari - Iran. Social Research, Winter, 2002
  7. "Iran/Iraq" Nizar Wattad, Paola Rizzuto. The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Washington: Oct 2003. Vol. 22, Iss. 8; pg. 39
  8. "Liberal martyrdom in Iran", Charles Paul Freund. Reason. Los Angeles: Feb 2003. Vol. 34, Iss. 9; pg. 18, 2 pgs
  9. Juan Cole, Informed Comment, Amnesty International Appeal for Dr. Aghajari
  10. 2 December, 2002, Iranian academic facing death
  11. 9 November, 2002, Iran death sentence angers reformists
  12. "Iran/Iraq" Nizar Wattad, Paola Rizzuto. The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Washington: Oct 2003. Vol. 22, Iss. 8; pg. 39
  13. "Statement Protesting the Sentenced Execution of Professor Hashem Aghajari"; [1] Hamid Dabashi, Arien Mack, David Bromwich, Noam Chomsky, et al. Social Research. New York: Winter 2002. Vol. 69, Iss. 4; pg. IX, 5 pgs
  14. "International: Hard centres; Iranian conservatives", The Economist. London: Dec 21, 2002. Vol. 365, Iss. 8304; pg. 72
  15. "Iranian Professor Freed From Prison," RICHARD MONASTERSKY, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Washington: Aug 13, 2004. Vol. 50, Iss. 49; pg. A.40
  16. "Iranian Professor Freed From Prison," RICHARD MONASTERSKY, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Washington: Aug 13, 2004. Vol. 50, Iss. 49; pg. A.40
  17. "'There Is No Other Way'; The Last Word"; [Atlantic Edition] Maziar Bahari. Newsweek. (International ed.). New York: Nov 25, 2002. pg. 70
  18. "International: Khatami's last stand, perhaps; Iran's struggle for reform", The Economist. London: Nov 16, 2002. Vol. 365, Iss. 8299; pg. 64


External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message