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The Hassan II Mosque ( ), located in Casablancamarker is the largest mosque in Moroccomarker and the third largest mosque in the world after the Masjid al-Harammarker (Grand Mosque) of Meccamarker and the Al-Masjid al-Nabawimarker (Prophet's Mosque) in Medinamarker. Designed by the Frenchmarker architect Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. It stands on a promontory looking out to the Atlanticmarker, which can be seen through a gigantic glass floor with room for 25,000 worshippers. A further 80,000 can be accommodated in the mosque's adjoining grounds for a total of 105,000 worshippers present at any given time at the Hassan II mosque. Its minaret is the world's tallest at .

Characteristics

Built on reclaimed land, almost half of the surface of the mosque lies over the Atlantic water. This was inspired by the verse of the Qur'an that states "the throne of God was built on water." Part of the floor of this facility is glass so worshippers can kneel directly over the sea; above, spotlights shine at night from the top of the minaret toward Mecca. These features were specifically requested by King Hassan II, who declared, "I want to build this mosque on the water, because God's throne is on the water. Therefore, the faithful who go there to pray, to praise the Creator on firm soil, can contemplate God's sky and ocean."

It also includes a number of modern touches: it was built to withstand earthquakes and has a heated floor, electric doors, and a sliding roof.

The mosque displays strong Moorish influence and the architecture of the building is similar to that of the Alhambramarker and the Great Mosque of Cordobamarker in Spainmarker. This and the old Tin Mal Mosquemarker are the only mosques in Morocco open to non-Muslims. Non-Muslims may view the interior on hour-long guided tours that depart several times daily.

Works

Work on the mosque was commenced on 12 July 1986, and was intended to be completed for the 60th birthday of the former Moroccan king, Hassan II, in 1989. However, the building was not inaugurated until 30 August 1993. It took 2,500 construction workers and 10,000 artists and craftsman to build the mosque.

All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood, and other materials used in its construction were taken from around Morocco, with the sole exceptions of some white granite columns and the glass chandeliers, both of which come from Italy. Six thousand traditional Moroccan artisans worked for five years to turn these raw materials into abundant and incredibly beautiful mosaics, stone and marble floors and columns, sculpted plaster moldings, and carved and painted wood ceilings.

Gallery

Image:Hassan II mosque1 (js).jpg|"His Throne Was On Water"Image:Hassan II mosque2 (js).jpg|MinaretImage:Hassan II mosque5 (js).jpg|FountainImage:Hassan II Mosque in the evening (js).jpg|Hassan II Mosque in the eveningImage:Hassan II mosque6 (js).jpg|Mosque at nightImage:Morocco Africa Flickr Rosino December 2005 82664692.jpg|Interior of the MosqueImage:Hassan II mosque2.jpg|Minaret and BaseImage:Hassan II Mosque01.jpgImage:Hassan II Mosque02.jpgImage:Hassan2.jpg


See also



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