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Haute-Garonne ( ; ) is a department in the southwest of Francemarker named after the Garonnemarker river. Its main city is Toulousemarker.

History

Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc.

Geography

Haute-Garonne is part of the current region of Midi-Pyrénéesmarker and is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénéesmarker, Gersmarker, Tarn-et-Garonnemarker, Tarnmarker, Audemarker, and Ariègemarker. It also borders Spainmarker in the south (province of Lleidamarker and province of Huescamarker). Along with other agricultural products, this village is well known for its farming and production of pork and of other pig products. It is referred to by locals at times as "Le village de Jambon" (the town of ham) for this reason.

The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne Rivermarker (hence the name) for nearly 200 kilometers (125 miles). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, goes through Toulousemarker and leaves the department The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyreneesmarker mountain range and is very mountainous. The highest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 meters (10,571 ft) above sea level.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Pierre Izard of the Socialist Partymarker.

Party seats
Socialist Partymarker 43
Union for a Popular Movement 3
Miscellaneous Right 3
Miscellaneous Left 2
Left Radical Party 1
French Communist Party 1


Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Garonnais. The greatest population concentration is around Toulousemarker. The south of the department is quite sparsely populated. More than a million people inhabited the department at the last census in 1999. Young people are well represented with 55% of the population under the age of 40 and of those, 16% are between the ages of 20 and 29. This is because Toulousemarker is a university town.

The largest towns are :
Commune Population (1999) Commune Population (1999)
Toulousemarker 390 350 Colomiersmarker 28 538
Tournefeuillemarker 22 758 Muretmarker 20 735
Blagnacmarker 20 586 Plaisance-du-Touchmarker 14 164
Cugnauxmarker 12 997 L'Unionmarker 12 141
Balmamarker 11 944 Ramonville-Saint-Agnemarker 11 696
Saint-Orens-de-Gamevillemarker 11 142 Saint-Gaudensmarker 10 845
Castanet-Tolosanmarker 10 250 Portet-sur-Garonnemarker 8 737
Saint-Jeanmarker 8 362 Villeneuve-Tolosanemarker 8 252
Revelmarker 7 985 Castelginestmarker 7 735
Pibracmarker 7 440 Fonsorbesmarker 6 909


Winter Sports

The department has four ski resorts.
  • Peyragudes (1600 m -2450 m), 55 km of slopes
  • Luchon-Superbagnères (1440 m - 2260 m), 30 km of slopes
  • Le Mourtis (1380 m - 1816 m), 22 km of slopes
  • Bourg-d'Oueil (1350 m - 1500 m)


See also



References

External links




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