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Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of Francemarker named after the Marne Rivermarker.

History

Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Champagne, Burgundy, Lorraine and Franche-Comtémarker

In 1814, Chaumont was the unwitting witness to the end of the First Empire. On the 1st of March, Prussia, Russiamarker, Englandmarker and Austriamarker signed an accord forbidding any individual peace deal with Napoleon the 1st, and to fight until his final defeat.

During World War II, Haute-Marne was split under the German occupation. The canal which runs from the Marnemarker to the Saône served as a border, dividing the department into west and east. The east was a "reserved zone", intended for the creation of a new German state, whereas to the west would be the traditional "occupied zone". Haute-Marne was finally liberated by the Allies, in the form of the division of General Leclerc, between August an September 1944.

Geography

Haute-Marne is part of the region of Champagne-Ardennemarker and is surrounded by the departments of Meusemarker, Vosgesmarker, Haute-Saônemarker, Côte-d'Ormarker, Aubemarker, and Marnemarker. The nearest big cities are Parismarker, Nancymarker, Strasbourgmarker, Baselmarker, and Dijonmarker.

The highest mountain is Haut-du-Sac, in the Langres Plateau, in the southwest of the department, which rise to 516 m (1,693 feet). The lowest points at 117m are found on the plains of Perthois and Der.

The department is named after the Marne Rivermarker, whose source is near Langresmarker. This river covers 120 kilometres within the department. The department is to the east of the Parisian basin, and is characterised by a concentric sequence of cliff faces of varying geological origin, oriented northeast/southwest.

Tourism

The fortified town of Langresmarker, the Renaissance castle of Joinvillemarker, and the village of Colombey-les-deux-Églisesmarker are all major attractions.

See also



References

  1. Haute-Marne, Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. Research Machines plc. September 8, 2005. accessed on October 19, 2006.


External links








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