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Healdsburg is a city located in Sonoma Countymarker, Californiamarker, USA. As of the 2000 United States Census, the city had a total population of 10,722. Healdsburg is a commercial center for northern Sonoma County as well as being one of Northern California's wine capitals: three of the most important wine-producing regions (the Russian Rivermarker, Dry Creekmarker, and Alexander Valley AVAs) meet in Healdsburg.

Though the town was not founded during Mexican rule, Healdsburg is centered on a 19th century plaza that provides an important focal point for tourists and locals alike.

History

Early inhabitants of the local area were the Pomo people, who constructed villages in open areas along the Russian River. European settlement commenced in the mid 1800s, with the first Caucasian settlement nearby established downstream along the Russian River near Gratonmarker in 1836.

In 1857, Harmon Heald, an Ohio businessman who had been squatting on Rancho Sotoyomemarker since 1850, purchased part of the rancho—giving the city its official founding date. In 1867, Heald’s eponymous small town was incorporated. Healdsburg is located within the former township of Mendocino.

Farming, especially orchards and truck farms, was common within the present city limits from at least the 1890s to 1940s.

Geography

The city has a total area of . of it is land and is water. The total area is 0.5% water.

Climate

Healdsburg has cool, wet winters and very warm, dry summers. In January, the average high temperature is and the average low is . In July, the average high temperature is and the average low is . There are an average of 54.6 days with highs of or higher and an average of 20.1 days with lows of or lower. The record high temperature was on July 13, 1972, and the record low temperature was on December 22, 1990.

Annual precipitation averages . There are an average of 73 days annually with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with and the driest year was 1976 with . The most precipitation in one month was in January 1995. The most precipitation in 24 hours was on December 3, 1980. Snow is relatively rare, with none in most years. The highest yearly snowfall totaled in 1976.

Environment

An intrinsic element of the city's natural environment is the riparian zone associated with the Russian River that flows through Healdsburg. City residents support recycling by use of the Healdsburg Transfer Station. The city has shown an interest in creating a quiet environment by creating a Noise Element of the General Plan, which defines baseline sound level contours and sets forth standards of quiet for each land use category.

Downtown

Downtown Healdsburg is a tourist destination. The plaza area is a foot-friendly mecca for tasting local wines, fine dining, upscale boutiques, and art galleries. The galleries range from cooperatives to local one-artist storefronts and include the works of nationally and internationally known masters. Healdsburg hosts a jazz music festival each June, a farmer's market Tuesdays and Saturdays from late spring to late fall, and a wide range of wine and food-related events. The plaza is also a Wi-Fi hotspot.

Politics

In the state legislature Healdsburg is located in the 2nd State Senate district, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 1st State Assembly district, represented by Democrat Patty Berg. Federally, Healdsburg is located in California's 1st congressional district.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census, there were 10,722 people, 3,968 households, and 2,702 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,848/sq mi (1,101/km²). There are 4,138 housing units at an average density of 1,099/sq mi (425/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 79.89% White, 0.50% African American, 1.80% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.44% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. 28.82% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 3,968 households out of which 33.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% are married couples living together, 11.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% are non-families. 25.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.23.

In the city the population is spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $48,995, and the median income for a family is $55,386. Males have a median income of $38,977 versus $32,015 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,245. 9.4% of the population and 6.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Notable natives and residents



See also



References

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