Helwan, also spelled
Hilwan or Hulwan or
Holwan, is a place in Egypt on the bank
of the Nile river, opposite the ruins of
southern suburb of Cairo, it is now a
part of the city and a governorate of the same.
of Helwan had a population of 643,327 at the 2006
Local industry includes iron
. The area has hot sulphur
springs, an astronomical observatory, the
and a burial
chamber (discovered in 1946). It is the terminus of the Cairo's
light rail Metro Line 1.
The Khedivial Astronomical Observatory was built here 1903-1904,
and was used to observe Halley's
. The Behman Hospital, Egypt's oldest and largest private
psychiatric clinic, was built there in 1939.
early part of the 20th century, the city was the site of RAF Helwan, a major British airbase,
which was later used by the Egyptian
In April 2008, parts of the administrative division of the Cairo
governorate was split into two, Cairo and Helwan, with Helwan
encompassing most of the suburbs of Cairo, new compounds and rural
southern villages. Helwan became the capital of the new Helwan
The Helwan governorate boundary includes the following districts:
Maadi, Helwan, 15th of May, EL-Sherouk city, El-Obour city, Badr
city, New Cairo districts such as Madinaty, El-Rehab city, the
Fifth compound district (El-Tagammu' El-Khames).
The city of Helwan itself includes districts such as Wadi Hof
, Hadayek Helwan, and Maasara.