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Hemus Air (Bulgarian title: Хемус Ер) is an airline based in Sofiamarker, Bulgariamarker. It operates scheduled domestic and international services from Sofiamarker and Varnamarker, as well as charter, cargo and air ambulance services. Its main base is Sofia Airportmarker, with a hub at Varna Airportmarker. After the acquisition of Bulgaria Air, all of Hemus Air's destinations are now under the plate of Bulgaria Air.


Hemus Air is owned by Varna-based industrial/financial enterprise TIM. The airline was established and started operations in 1986, when it branched off from Balkan Bulgarian Airlines. It initially operated as a separate department providing ambulance services, flight calibration and aerial photography. In 1996 it became a separate legal entity from Balkan and was named Hemus Air. The company was privatized by Bulgarian corporate investors in 2002 and has since faced stiff competition from foreign carriers, as well as the newly-established successor of Balkan, Bulgaria Air. Hemus Air's management pledged to unite the major Bulgarian airlines and was selected as the preferred bidder for the sale of Bulgaria Air by the Bulgarian government. Hemus acquired a 99.9% stake in the flag carrier, reportedly for Euro 6.6m and a promise to invest a further €86m over the next five years. Hemus and Bulgaria Air have already started codesharing on the Sofia-Berlin Tegelmarker route, coordinating their schedules and operations early in 2007. Hemus Air received some aircraft from Bulgaria Air.

Bulgaria Air and Hemus Air merger

In November 2006, Balkan Hemus Group sealed a deal to purchase Bulgaria Air with a 99.99% share of the airline for €6.6 million. The new airline will operate under the Bulgaria Air brand.

As of February 2009, all Hemus Air aircraft are operating for the parent company, Bulgaria Air.


All Hemus Air destinations are now operated under the commercial brand of Bulgaria Air.


The Hemus Air fleet includes the following aircraft (at 31 March 2009):

Hemus Air Fleet
Aircraft Total Passengers Routes Registrations Notes
Airbus A319-100 2 144 Short-Medium haul
Europe and Middle East
LZ-FBA / FBB Operating for Bulgaria Air (FBA/FBB)
ATR 42-300 2 46/48 Short haul
LZ-ATR / ATS 1 operating for Belle Air (ATR)
1 operating for Bulgaria Air (ATS)
Avro RJ70 1 26 Short haul VIP LZ-TIM Operating for TIM Holding (TIM)
BAe146-200 4 90 Short-Medium haul
LZ-HBA / HBB / HBC / HBZ 1 stored at SOFmarker (HBA)
2 operating for Bulgaria Air (HBB/HBC)
1 operating for Belle Air (HBZ)

BAe146-300 4 110 Short haul
LZ-HBD / HBE / HBF / HBG 1 operating for Bulgaria Air (HBE)
1 operating for Belle Air (HBF)
2 operating for Taban Air (HBD/HBG)

Total 13 All of those not operating for Belle Air or Taban Air are operating for Bulgaria Air

Most of these aircraft are operating for Bulgaria Air until the two airline's merge, then they will all be transferred to Bulgaria Air's fleet.


  1. Flight International 3 April 2007
  2. Airliner World January 2007
  3. Balkan Hemus Group wins tender to buy national flag carrier, Bulgaria Air
  4. Directorate General "Civil Aviation Administration"

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