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Henning Carlsen (1927–) is a Danishmarker film director, screenwriter, and producer most noted for his documentaries and his contributions to the style of cinema verite. Carlsen's 1966 social-realistic drama Hunger (Sult) was nominated for the Palme D'Or and won the Bodil Award for Best Danish Film. Carlsen also won the Bodil Award the following year for the comedy People Meet and Sweet Music Fills the Heart. Acting as his own producer since 1960, Carlsen has directed more than 25 films, 19 for which he wrote the screenplay. In 2006, he received the Golden Swan Lifetime Achievement Award at the Copenhagen International Film Festival.


Henning Carlsen was born on 4 June 1927 in Aalborgmarker, Denmarkmarker. Carlsen became an assistant director at Minerva Film in 1948 and received his on-the-job training there. He was attached with Minerva until 1953 when he shifted to Nordisk Film. Carlsen began by writing and directing short documentaries and industry films, and with this background he flourished in the production of the cinema verite style. His documentary trilogy, De Gamle (The Elderly - 1961)), Familiebilleder (Family pictures- 1964) and Ung (Youth - 1965), created a classic portrait of 1960's Denmark as the nation revolutionized and transformed into a modern welfare society Especially noted was Carlsen's technique of rhythmic editing in De Gamle which produced a lyrical portrait of retirees without any needed commentary.

In 1962, Carlsen continued in cinema verite style with his first feature film, the harsh social drama A World of Strangers (Dilemma). Based upon the 1958 novel about apartheid by Nadine Gordimer, Carlsen filmed illegally on location in South Africa with use of a hidden camera. He followed this effort with the 1966 drama Hunger (Sult) based upon the autobiographical novel of Norwegianmarker author Knut Hamsun. With its stark focus on a life of poverty and desperation, the film is considered a masterpiece of social realism and is one of the ten films listed in Denmark's cultural canon by the Danish Ministry of Culture. Carlsen was nominated for the Palme D'Or and won the Bodil Award for Best Danish Film.

The following year, Carlsen changed pace from his realistic dramas and made the comedy People Meet and Sweet Music Fills the Heart (Mennesker mødes og sød musik opstår i hjertet) based on the work of Jens August Schade. Again, he was awarded the Bodil Award for Best Danish Film. During his career, Carlsen has maintained interest in popular comedies with such films as Oh, to Be on the Bandwagon! (Man sku være noget ved musikken), in collaboration with Benny Andersen, and I Wonder Who's Kissing You Now?. In 1967, Carlsen returned to the same format of social realism he used in Sult with the drama We are All Demons (Klaubauterman), a story based upon a novel by Axel Sandemose.

In 1986, Carlsen filmed the international production Wolf at the Door starring Donald Sutherland. During his career, Carlsen has written 19 films and directed 21. He has also directed for both theater and television. Since 1966, Carlsen has been a teacher and member of the advisory council for the National Film School in Denmark. In 2006, Carlsen was the recipient of the Golden Swan Lifetime Achievement Award at the Copenhagen Film Festival.

Personal life

Carlsen Henning was married the first time to Hjørdis Wirth Jensen. In 1975 he married a second time with film consultant Else Heidary.


Year Original Title English Title Notes
2005 Springet Springet
1998 I Wonder Who's Kissing You Now I Wonder Who's Kissing You Now
1995 Pan Two Green Feathers
1986 Oviri The Wolf at the Door'
1982 Pengene eller livet Your Money or Your Life
1978 Hør, var der ikke en som lo? Did Somebody Laugh?
1975 Da Svante forsvandt When Svante Disappeared
1975 En Lykkelig skilsmisse A Happy Divorce
1972 Man sku være noget ved musikken Oh, to Be on the Bandwagon!
1971 Er i bange? Are You Afraid?
1969 Klabautermannen We Are All Demons
1967 Mennesker mødes og sød musik opstår i hjertet People Meet and Sweet Music Fills the Heart Bodil Award for Best Danish Film
1966 Sult Hunger Bodil Award for Best Danish Film
1965 Kattorna The Cats
1965 Ung Youth
1964 Familebilleder Family Pictures
1963 Hvad med os? How About Us?
1962 Dilemma A World of Strangers Grand Prize at Mannheim-Heidelberg International Filmfestival
1961 De Gamle The Elderly
1960 Souvenirs from Sweden Souvenirs from Sweden
1959 Et Knudeproblem
1958 Cyklisten The Bicyclist
1950 Civilforsvaret The Civil Defense
1950 Dukkestuen


  1. Hjort, Mette & Ib Bondebjerg, The Danish Directors, Intellect Books, (2001) 228pg, p42 ISBN 1841508411
  2. "Hæder til Henning Carlsen", DR, news, 29 August 2006, retrieved 16 June 2009
  3. Nissen, Dan 100 Års Dansk Film, Rosinante, (2001) 445pg, p218 ISBN 87-621-0157-9
  4. Kulturkanon, Danish Ministry of Culture,, retrieved February 12 2008

Further reading

Wakeman, John. "World Film Directors, Volume Two, 1945-1985". Pages 180-184. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1988. ISBN 9780824207571

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