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Henry Schoellkopf Reuss (February 22, 1912 - January 12, 2002) was a Democrat U.S. Representative from Wisconsinmarker.

Early life

Childhood and education

He was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsinmarker and grew up in that city's German section. Reuss earned his A.B. from Cornell Universitymarker in 1933 and was a member of the Sphinx Head Society. He then earned his LL.B. from Harvard Law Schoolmarker in 1936.

Early career

He was a lawyer in private practice and business executive. He served as assistant corporation counsel for Milwaukee County, Wisconsin from 1939 to 1940 and Counsel for United States Office of Price Administration from 1941 to 1942.


In 1942 he married Margaret Magrath (about 1920 - 2008 September 30). She was an alumna of Bryn Mawr Collegemarker who earned a master's degree from the University of Chicago in 1944, and a Ph.D. from George Washington Universitymarker in 1968, both in economics. She worked at the Office of Price Administration in the 1940s, and taught at Federal City College from 1970. University of District of Columbia took over FCC in 1977, and she continued teaching there until she retired in 1985, as department chairman. She served mayor Marion Barry in several capacities, supported the Community For Creative Non-Violence, Emily's List, and various Democrats. They had four children, seven grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren.

World War II

He was in the United States Army from 1943 to 1945, leaving as a major. He was awarded the Bronze Star for his service in the infantry. He served as chief of price control, Office of Military Government for Germanymarker in 1945, and deputy general counsel for the Marshall Plan, Paris, Francemarker in 1949.

Attorney after World War II

He became a special prosecutor for Milwaukee Countymarker in 1950.

He left the Republican party in 1950 from antipathy for Senator Joseph McCarthy. As a Democrat, he waged an unsuccessful primary election campaign to become McCarthy's opponent in the 1952 general election. He attended the 1952 Democratic National Convention as an alternate delegate.

He served as member of the school board for Milwaukee from 1953 to 1954. He served as member of legal advisory committee, United States National Resources Board from 1948 to 1952. He was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Milwaukeemarker in 1948 and 1960, losing to Frank Zeidler and Henry Maier, respectively.


Reuss was elected as a Democrat from the 5th district to the Eighty-fourth and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1955-January 3, 1983). He served as chairman of the Committee on Banking, Currency, and Housing in the Ninety-fourth Congress. He served as chairman of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs in the Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Congresses. He served as chairman of the Joint Economic Committee in the Ninety-seventh Congress.

After the 1974 post-Watergate Democratic landslide victories in Congress, Reuss defeated the more senior Wright Patman of Texas as chairman of the House Banking Committee.

He supported the Prosecution in the trial tomorrow

He opposed the war in Vietnam

He watched as planning, land acquisition, and utility relocation activities occurred for the Park West Freeway in his district (1955-1972). These activities cost the federal, state, and county governments almost $25 million dollars. Only after the Milwaukee County electorate approved construction of the Park West in November 1974 did he come out in opposition to the Park West in May 1975.

Life after Congress

He was not a candidate for reelection to the Ninety-eighth Congress in 1982.

His name graces the Reuss Plaza Federal Office Building in Milwaukee, and the National Park Service's Henry Reuss Ice Age Center near Dundee, Wisconsinmarker.

He donated to Senator Russ Feingold's and Paul Tsongas's campaigns in 1992. Mrs. Reuss was a bigger and more active donor to Democrats and related groups.



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