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Saint Heribert (c. 970 – 16 March 1021) was Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III, and was canonized c. 1074.

Life

He was born in Wormsmarker, the son of Hugo, count of Worms. He was educated in the school of Worms Cathedralmarker and at the Benedictine Gorze Abbey in Lorrainemarker. He returned to Worms Cathedral to be provost and was ordained a priest in 994.

In the same year Otto III appointed him chancellor for Italymarker and four years later also for Germanymarker, a position which he held until Otto's death on 23 January 1002. Heribert accompanied Otto to Romemarker in 996 and again in 997, and was still in Italy when he was elected Archbishop of Cologne. At Beneventomarker he received investiture and the pallium from Pope Sylvester II on 9 July 999, and on the following Christmas Day he was consecrated at Cologne.

In 1002, he was present at the death-bed of the emperor at Paterno. While returning to Germany with the emperor's remains and the imperial insignia, he was held captive for some time by the future Henry II, whose candidacy he at first opposed, but whom he served faithfully subsequently.

Shrine
1003 Heribert founded the Abbey of Deutzmarker on the Rhinemarker, at a strongpoint that controlled the western entry to the city of Cologne; when he died in Cologne on March 16, 1021, he was buried in his abbey church.

Veneration

Heribert was already honoured as a saint during his lifetime, and was canonized by Pope Gregory VII in about 1074. His reported miracles included ending a drought; he is thus invoked for beneficial rains.

His relics were kept in the abbey church at Deutz in a golden reliquary, which is now preserved in the parish church of Neu-St.Heribert in Köln-Deutzmarker.

His feast day is celebrated on 16 March, his private feast day on 12 October.

References

  1. Ilana Abend-David, "Architectural representations on the medallions of the Heribert shrine", in Sarah Blick and Rita Tekippe, eds. Art and architecture of late medieval pilgrimage in Northern Europe.


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