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High Peak is a Non-metropolitan district and borough of the non-metropolitan county of Derbyshiremarker, Englandmarker. Administered from Chapel-en-le-Frithmarker, it is mostly composed of high moorland plateau in the Dark Peak of the Peak Districtmarker.

High Peak Hundred was the name of a hundred of the ancient county of Derbyshire covering roughly the same area as the current district. It may have derived its name from the ancient Forest of High Peakmarker a royal hunting reserve, administered by William Peverel, an illegitimate son of William I, who was based at Peak Castlemarker. High Peak is also an alternative name for the Dark Peak.

Creation

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, by absorbing the municipal boroughs of Buxtonmarker and Glossopmarker, the urban districts of New Millsmarker and Whaley Bridgemarker and the rural district of Chapel-en-le-Frith, all of which had previously been in the administrative county of Derbyshire, as well as the rural district of Tintwistlemarker and Woodhead which had been in the administrative county of Cheshiremarker.

Neighbouring local government districts

The borough adjoins the metropolitan boroughs of the City of Sheffieldmarker and Barnsleymarker in South Yorkshiremarker, the metropolitan borough of Kirkleesmarker in West Yorkshire, the metropolitan boroughs of Stockportmarker, Tameside and Oldhammarker in Greater Manchestermarker, the district of Derbyshire Dalesmarker in Derbyshire, and the counties of Cheshire and Staffordshire.

Main Settlements

There are five main areas of settlement in the borough: around Buxton in the south west, around New Mills in the west, around Glossop in the north west, around Whaley Bridge and Chapel-en-le-Frith in the central part of the borough, and the Hope Valleymarker in the east. The northern part of the borough is close to the Manchestermarker urban area. Some of the northern parts of High Peak were considered for inclusion in Greater Manchestermarker. These areas have closer links to Stockportmarker and Manchestermarker than the settlements nearer Derbymarker. Similarly, the villages of the Hope Valley are more closely linked to Sheffield and it has been considered whether these communities should be incorporated into that city.

Settlements in the borough include:

The larger settlements are Glossopmarker, Buxtonmarker, New Millsmarker, Chapel-en-le-Frithmarker and Whaley Bridgemarker, which contain most of the services for the borough such as retail, public sector, leisure and entertainment as well as most of the major transport links such as railways and buses.

National Trust

The National Trust is a major landowner in the district, owning extensive tracts of moorland and a number of farms, including some in Edale. Features of the Trust's High Peak Estatemarker include Kinder Scoutmarker, Odin Minemarker and Mam Tormarker.


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