Highway D1 ( ) is the main
highway of the Czech
it connects the two biggest Czech cities, Prague and Brno, in the
future it will link Ostrava and the
border with Poland (Autostrada A1).
As of November
2009 it is 334.661 km (207.949 mi) long, but the planned length is
376.487 km (233.938 mi).
increasing automobile traffic in the 1930s in Czechoslovakia discussions were brought forward regarding the
construction of new roads designed to carry the large volume of
traffic. The discussions dealt with a backbone road
from Bohemia, through Moravia and Slovakia to Carpathian
Ruthenia with many variants. The plan of a Cheb – Plzeň – Německý Brod – Brno – Žilina - Užgorod – Chust highway was the one chosen, which was sponsored
by the Bata Shoes company owner Jan Antonín Baťa in 1937.
A year later the detailed project was ready to be realized.
The Munich Agreement
deprived the country of some fundamental road and rail routes.
government hurried works for the preparation of three major
infrastructure projects to the new borders, the Německý Brod - Brno
railway, the Plzeň - Ostrava road and a
4-lane highway from Prague to Velký
Bočkov (on the Czechoslovak - Romanian border). The project for the first segment Prague -
Lužná was ready in January 1939, and
construction began on 24 January in
Chřiby on the Zástřizly - Lužná segment.
occupation of Czechoslovakia
brought only small technical
changes to the project and the construction of another segment
Prague - Humpolec began in May 1939. The increasing demands of
World War II
slowed down the
construction and the works were completely halted in 1942. After
the war the works were resumed mainly on major bridges in 1946, but
only with a small workforce. The segment in Chřiby was abandoned in
1949 and the segment Prague - Humpolec one year later. All
77 km remain in disuse.
1960s, traffic was growing very quickly, and a new plan for a D1
highway Prague - Soviet
Union border was formulated.
The oldest section of Highway D1 in
Work on the Prague -
Brno section started in 1967, mainly using the old highway route.
The 21 km long Prague - Mirošovice
segment was completed in 1971,
and the 205 km long route to Brno in 1980.
Slovakian part construction started in 1973 with the 14 km
long Ivachnová - Liptovský Mikuláš section, together with the construction of the
Mara dam. The 19 km Prešov - Košice highway was added in 1980. In the late 1980s and
the early 1990s the 19 km long Brno - Vyškov segment was
built and another 20 km from Liptovský Mikuláš to Hybe in
After the dissolution of
route changes, construction was no longer
planned to Slovakia, but instead to Lipník nad Bečvou (the
replacement of the planned route is the Expressway R49
). Due to growing traffic near
Prague, the first segment to Mirošovice was widened from 4 lanes to
6 lanes and there are similar plans for widening around Brno as
well. After the dissolution, no new sections were built.
construction of an 18 km long extension from Vyškov eastwards started and it was opened in 2005.
Currently, segments around Kroměříž are under construction.The segment from
Bečvou to Ostrava and then to
the Polish border is being planned and is to be constructed (due to
historical reasons) as Highway D47,
however it will be opened as part of D1 highway.
part of this segment was opened in December 2007 (Ostrava-Rudná -
Bohumín, 17 km).
Vysočina highway bridge on km 144, 60
km from Brno
- Maximum: 655 meters above sea level (km
- Minimum: 197 meters above sea level (km