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Hill station is a term used for a town usually at somewhat higher elevations. The term was used in colonial Asia (particularly Indiamarker, but rarely in Africa), where towns have been founded by European colonial rulers up where temperatures are cooler, as refuges from the summer heat. In the Indian context most hill stations are at an altitude of approximately between 1,000 and 2,500 metres (3,500 to 7,500 feet); very few are outside this range.

History

The British Raj, and in particular the British Indian Army, founded perhaps 50 of the 80-odd hill stations in the Indian subcontinent; the remainder were built by various Indian rulers over the centuries as places of leisure or even as permanent capitals.

Several hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces, princely states, or, in the case of Shimlamarker, of British India itself. Since Indian Independence, the role of these hill stations as summer capitals has largely ended, but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts.

List of hill stations

This is a list of hill stations in various countries, which are mainly in Asia.

India

For a complete list, see List of Indian hill stations and :Category:Indian hill stations

Pakistan (by province)

See :Category:Hill stations in Pakistan











Sri Lanka

See :Category:Hill stations in Sri Lanka

Southeast Asia



References




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