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Hispanos ( , from relating to Spain, from ).

Hispanos was a name given to people of colonial Spanish descent in the United States who retained a predominantly Spanish culture. The distinction was made to compensate for flawed U.S. Census practices in the 1930s which used to characterize Hispanic people as non-white [587324]. Though the word could describe anyone of Spanish descent [587325], it is specifically used to refer to Hispanic Americans who live in Southwestern United States which was formerly a province of New Spain then a province of Mexicomarker. They are mostly descendants of Spanish settlers (with Basques and Conversos - Spanish Jews converted to Christianity to escape persecution from the Inquisition), Mexicansmarker who arrived during the Mexican colonial period, and Mestizos of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry. Many Hispanos differentiate themselves culturally from Mexican Americans who arrived in the Southwest after the Mexican Revolution.

Hispano populations include Californios in Californiamarker, Tejanos in Texasmarker and "Hispanos" in New Mexicomarker, Arizonamarker and Coloradomarker. While having integrated into mainstream American societies, Hispanos have retained much of their colonial Southwestern culture, having absorbed several American Indian traditions. Many of whom, especially among younger generations, identify more with the mainstream and may understand little or no Spanish. Most of them are Roman Catholic Christians.

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