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History of Riverside, California: Map

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Riverside, Californiamarker was founded in 1870, and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River. It became the county seat when Riverside County, Californiamarker was established in 1893.

History

Precolonial Period

Prior to the colonization of Mexico and Alta California by Spain, the land that would become Riverside, California was frequented by various Native American people. No permanent settlements are known to have existed, but occasional villages close to the river were documented by later explorers. Artifacts found at White Sulpher Springs, as well as grain grinding holes in rocks south of Mount Rubidouxmarker, provide evidence of the Native American activity.

Spanish Period

On March 20th, 1774, Juan Bautista De Anza, leading an exploratory expedition to find a good land route from southern Mexicomarker to Alta Californiamarker, reached the area today known as Riverside. He, and others in his contingent, described the area as a beautiful place fragrent with rosemary and other herbs, and having rich grasslands for their horses and cattle to graze. He named the area Valle de Paraiso, or Valley of Paradise. This was the first official record made of what was to become the city of Riverside.



De Anza lead a second expedition through the area on December 31, 1775. This expedition was a colonizing expedition headed for Monterey. They spent New Years eve on the banks of the Santa Anna River, and crossed the river the following day.



The routes taken by the two expeditions is believed to have followed a course from somewhere near Lake Perrismarker, in current-day Moreno Valleymarker, down the Box Springs grade near the 60/215 Highway interchange, and across Riverside in the direction of the Martha McLean – Anza Narrows park. A marker in the park was dedicated to recognize the point where the group crossed the Santa Ana River. To commemorate De Anza's expeditions, the city of Riverside, through private donations and a federal grant from the Works Progress Administration, began work on a 20 foot statue of De Anza in 1939. The dedication took place in May, 1942, at the corner of Market and 14th streets.



Timeline

Spanish Period

  • 1774 On March 20-21 Juan Bautista de Anza treks through the Riverside area from Tubacmarker en route to the San Gabriel Missionmarker intent to find a land route to Alta California.
  • 1775 On Dec 31st and January 1st 1776, de Anza leads a second expedition through the Riverside area intent on establishing a colony in northern California.


Mexican Period



American Period

  • 1848 On February 2nd, California became a U.S. holding with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican-American War.
  • 1849 The first California Constitution is adopted.
  • 1850 California is divided into 27 counties, the area to become Riverside is within Los Angeles County.
  • 1850 On September 9th, California was admitted into the Union as the 31st state.
  • 1853 San Bernardino Countymarker is formed, including the area that will become Riverside.
  • 1868 Thomas W. Cover purchases parts of the Rancho Rubidoux and Bandini Donations intending to establish a silk colony.
  • 1869 John W. North meets Dr. James P. Greves in Knoxville, TN.
  • 1870 Louis Prevost, the silk colony's expert, dies.
  • 1870 On March 17th John W. North distributes a leaflet titled "A Colony for California" from Knoxville, TN.
  • 1870 On March 25th Dr. Greves distributes a leaflet titled "Ho! For California" from Marshall, MI.
  • 1870 In early August, John W. North meets Thomas W. Cover and North visits the Riverside area for the first time.
  • 1870 On September 20th, North, Greves, and others legally incorporate the Southern California Colony Association.
  • 1870 In December Luther C. Tibbets arrives from Washington DCmarker.
  • 1873 Eliza Tibbets requests a new variety of orange from the US Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC. She receives 2 surviving Bahia Navel Orange trees.
  • 1876 C.C. Miller begins accepting paying guests has his adobe home named the Glenwood Cottages.
  • 1880 Frank Miller, C.C. Miller's son, takes of the Glenwood Cottages.
  • 1883 The city of Riverside is incorporated.
  • 1893 On March 11th the County of Riverside is formed, with Riverside as the county seat.
  • 1903 The Glenwood Cottages is renamed the Mission Inn.
  • 1903 On May 7th, President Theodore Roosevelt stays at the Mission Inn.
  • 1909 President Taft visits the Mission Inn.
  • 1935 On June 15th, Frank Miller dies, and the Mission Inn passes to DeWitt and Allis Hutchings.
  • 1961 The Mission Inn is designated a California Historical Landmark.
  • 1977 In October the Mission Inn is designated a National Historic Landmark.


References

  1. Why did Captain Juan Bautista de Anza return to Riverside, California?. Riverside Chamber of Commerce, 1975. Page 3.
  2. National Park Service, Juan Bautista de Anza, National Historic Trail
  3. Baggs, Terry. Making Riverside Work: The Benefits of the WPA. Journal of the Riverside Historical Society, Number Three, February 1999.
  4. Patterson, Tom. Landmarks of Riverside, and the Stories Behind Them. The Press Enterprise Company, Riverside, CA, 1964. Pages 174-175.
  5. Guideposts to History, 1977, second edition. Santa Fe Federal Savings & Loan Association.
  6. Web de Anza, maintened by the University of Oregon.
  7. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 26.
  8. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 24.
  9. Patterson, Tom. Landmarks of Riverside, and the Stories Behind Them. The Press Enterprise Company, Riverside, CA, 1964. Pages 17-20.
  10. Fitch, Robert J. Profile of a Century: Riverside County, California, 1893-1993. Riverside County Historical Commission Press, 1993. Page v-viii.
  11. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 35.
  12. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 23.
  13. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 38.
  14. Patterson, Tom. A Colony For California, Second Edition, 1996. Page 143.
  15. Hall, Joan H. A Citrus Legacy. Highgrove Press, Riverside, CA. ISBN: 0-9631618-0-6. Page 40.
  16. Mission Inn: A chronology. The Press Enterprise, 1986.



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