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Hoboken (pronounced HO-bo-ken) is a city in Hudson Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. As of the 2000 United States Census, the city's population was 38,577. The city is part of the New York metropolitan areamarker and contains Hoboken Terminalmarker, a major transportation hub for the region. Hoboken is also the location of the first recorded baseball game in the United States, and of the Stevens Institute of Technologymarker, one of the oldest technological universities in the United States.

Hoboken was first settled as part of the Pavonia, New Netherland colony in the 17th century. During the early nineteenth century the city was developed by Colonel John Stevens, first as a resort and later as a residential neighborhood. It became a township in 1849 and was incorporated as a city in 1855. Its waterfront was an integral part of New York Harbor's shipping industry and home to major industries for most of the 20th century.

Geography

Image of Hoboken taken by NASA (red line shows where Hoboken is).
Hoboken lies on the west bank of the Hudson River across from the Manhattanmarker, New York Citymarker neighborhoods of the West Villagemarker and Chelseamarker between Weehawkenmarker and Union Citymarker at the north and Jersey Citymarker (the county seat) at the south and west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 km2 (2.0 mi2). 3.3 km2 (1.3 mi2) of it is land and 1.8 km2 (0.7 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 35.35% water.

Hoboken has 48 streets laid out in a gridiron Many north-south streets were named for US presidents (Washington, Adams, Madison, Monroe), though Clinton Street likely honors 19th century politician DeWitt Clinton. The numbered streets run east-west start two blocks north of Observer Highway with First Street, with the grid ending close to the city line with 16th near Weehawken Covemarker and the city. Neighborhoods in Hoboken often have vague defintions making Downtown, Midtown, and Uptown subjective. Castle Point, The Proects, Hoboken Terminalmarker, and Hudson Tea are distinct enclaves at the city's periphery. As it transforms from its previous industrial use to a residentail district, the "Northwest" is a name being used for that part of the city.

Hoboken's zip code is 07030 and its area code is 201 with 551 overlaid.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 38,577 people (although recent census figures show the population has grown to about 40,000), 19,418 households, and 6,835 families residing in the city. The population density is 11,636.5/km2 (30,239.2/mi2), fourth highest in the nation after neighboring communities of Guttenbergmarker, Union Citymarker and West New Yorkmarker. There are 19,915 housing units at an average density of 6,007.2/km2 (15,610.7/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 80.82% White, 4.26% African American, 0.16% Native American, 4.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.63% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. Furthermore 20.18% of those residents also consider themselves to be Hispanic or Latino.

There are 19,418 households out of which 11.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.8% are married couples living together, 9.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 64.8% are non-families. 41.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 1.92 and the average family size is 2.73.

In the city the population is spread out with 10.5% under the age of 18, 15.3% from 18 to 24, 51.7% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females, age 18 and over, there are 103.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city as of the last census was $62,550, while the median income for a family was $67,500 (these figures had risen to $96,786 and $107,375 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $54,870 versus $46,826 for females. The per capita income for the city was $43,195. 11.0% of the population and 10.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.6% of those under the age of 18 and 20.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

The city is a bedroom community of New York Citymarker, where most of its employed residents work. Up to 25% of the population (as of 2008) works in finance or real estate.

Name

The name "Hoboken" was decided upon by Colonel John Stevens when he purchased land, on a part of which the city still sits.
100 block of Washington Street
Newark Street looking west


It's believed that the Lenape (later called Delaware Indian) referred to the area as the “land of the tobacco pipe”, most likely to refer to the soapstone collected there to carve tobacco pipe, and used a phrase that became “Hopoghan Hackingh”.

The first Europeans to live there were Dutch/Flemish settlers to New Netherlands who may have bastardized the Lenape phrase, though there is no known written documentation to confirm it. It also cannot be confirmed that the American Hoboken is named after the Flemish town Hobokenmarker, annexed in 1983 to Antwerpmarker, Belgiummarker, whose name is derived from Middle Dutch Hooghe Buechen or Hoge Beuken, meaning High Beeches or Tall Beeches. The city has also been cited as having been named after the Van Hoboken family of the 17th-century estate in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, where there is still a square dedicated to them. It is not known what the area was called in Jersey Dutch, a Dutch-variant language based on Zeelandic and Flemish, with English and possibly Lenape influences, spoken in northern New Jersey during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Like Weehawkenmarker, its neighbor to the north, Communipaw and Harsimus to the south, Hoboken had many variations in the folks-tongue. Hoebuck, old Dutch for high bluff and likely referring to Castle Point, was used during the colonial era and later spelled as Hobuck, Hobock, and Hoboocken.

Hoboken's unofficial nickname is now the "Mile Square City", but it actually covers an area of two square miles when including the under-water parts in the Hudson River. During the late 19th/early 20th century the population and culture of Hoboken was dominated by German language speakers who sometimes called it "Little Bremen", many of whom are buried in Hoboken Cemetery, North Bergenmarker.

History

Early and colonial

Hoboken was originally an island, surrounded by the Hudson River on the east and tidal lands at the foot of the New Jersey Palisadesmarker on the west. It was a seasonal campsite in the territory of the Hackensack, a phratry of the Unami Lenni Lenape, who used the serpentine rock found there to carve pipes. The first recorded European to lay claim to the area was Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who anchored his ship the Halve Maen (Half Moon) at Weehawken Covemarker on October 2, 1609. Soon after it became part of the province of New Netherland. In 1630, Michael Pauw, a burgemeester (mayor) of Amsterdammarker and a director of the West India Company, received a land grant as patroon on the condition that he would plant a colony of not fewer than fifty persons within four years on the west bank of what had been named the North Rivermarker. Three Lenape sold the land that was to become Hoboken (and part of Jersey City) for 80 fathoms (146 m) of wampum, 20 fathoms (37 m) of cloth, 12 kettles, six guns, two blankets, one double kettle and half a barrel of beer. These transactions, variously dated as July 12, 1630 and November 22, 1630, represent the earliest known conveyance for the area. Pauw (whose Latinized name is Pavonia) failed to settle the land and he was obliged to sell his holdings back to the Company in 1633. It was later acquired by Hendrick Van Vorst, who leased part of the land to Aert Van Putten, a farmer. In 1643, north of what would be later known as Castle Point, Van Putten built a house and a brewery, North America’s first. In series of Indian and Dutch raids and reprisals, Van Putten was killed and his buildings destroyed, and all residents of Pavonia (as the colony was known) were ordered back to New Amsterdam. Deteriorating relations with the Lenape, its isolation as an island, or relatively long distance from New Amsterdam may have discouraged more settlement. In 1664, the English took possession of New Amsterdam with little or no resistance, and in 1668 they confirmed a previous land patent by Nicolas Verlett. In 1674-75 the area became part of East Jersey, and the province was divided into four administrative districts, Hoboken becoming part of Bergen Countymarker, where it remained until the creation of Hudson Countymarker on February 22, 1840. English-speaking settlers (some relocating from New England) interspersed with the Dutch, but it remained scarcely populated and agrarian. Eventually, the land came into the possession of William Bayard, who originally supported the revolutionary cause, but became a Loyalist Tory after the fall of New York in 1776 when the city and surrounding areas, including the west bank of the re-named Hudson River, were occupied by the British. At the end of the Revolutionary War, Bayard’s property was confiscated by the Revolutionary Government of New Jersey. In 1784, the land described as "William Bayard's farm at Hoebuck" was bought at auction by Colonel John Stevens for 18,360 pounds sterling.

The 19th century

Ferry slips at Terminal
In the early 1800s, Colonel John Stevens developed the waterfront as a resort for Manhattanites, a lucrative source of income, which he may have used for testing his many mechanical inventions. On October 11, 1811 Stevens' ship the Juliana, began operation as the world's first steam-powered ferry with service between Manhattan and Hoboken. In 1825, he designed and built a steam locomotive capable of hauling several passenger cars at his estate. In 1832, Sybil's Cave opened as an attraction serving spring water, and after 1841 became a legend, when Edgar Allan Poe wrote "The Mystery of Marie Roget" about an event that took place there. (In the late 1880s, when the water was found to be contaminated, it was shut and in the 1930s, filled with concrete.)Before his death in 1838, Stevens founded The Hoboken Land Improvement Company, which duringthe mid- and late-19th century was managed by his heirs and laid out a regular system of streets, blocks and lots, constructed housing, and developed manufacturing sites. In general, the housing consisted of masonry row houses of three to five stories, some of which survive to the present day, as does the street grid. The advantages of Hoboken as a shipping port and industrial center became apparent.

Hoboken was originally formed as a township on April 9, 1849, from portions of North Bergen Townshipmarker. As the town grew in population and employment, many of Hoboken's residents saw a need to incorporate as a full-fledged city, and in a referendum held on March 29, 1855, ratified an Act of the New Jersey Legislature signed the previous day, and the City of Hoboken was born.In the subsequent election, Cornelius V. Clickener became Hoboken's first mayor. On March 15, 1859, the Township of Weehawken was created from portions of Hoboken and North Bergen Townshipmarker.

In 1870, based on a bequest from Edwin A. Stevens, Stevens Institute of Technologymarker was founded at Castle Point, site of the Stevens family's former estate.By the late 1800s, great shipping lines were using Hoboken as a terminal port, and the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (later the Erie Lackawanna Railroad) developed a railroad terminal at the waterfront. It was also during this time that German immigrants, who had been settling in town during most of the century, became the predominant population group in the city, at least partially due to its being a major destination port of the Hamburg America Line. In addition to the primary industry of shipbuilding, Hoboken became home to Keuffel and Esser's three-story factory and in 1884, to Tietjan and Lang Drydock (later Todd Shipyards). Well-known companies that developed a major presence in Hoboken after the turn-of the-century included Maxwell House, Lipton Tea, and Hostess.

Birthplace of baseball

The first officially recorded game of baseball in US history took place in Hoboken in 1846 between Knickerbocker Club and New York Nine at Elysian Fieldsmarker.

In 1845, the Knickerbocker Club, which had been founded by Alexander Cartwright, began using Elysian Fieldsmarker to play baseball due to the lack of suitable grounds on Manhattanmarker. Team members included players of the St George's Cricket Club, the brothers Harry and George Wright, and Henry Chadwick, the English-born journalist who coined the term "America's Pastime".

By the 1850s, several Manhattanmarker-based members of the National Association of Base Ball Players were using the grounds as their home field while St George's continued to organize international matches between Canada, England and the United States at the same venue. In 1859, George Parr's All England Eleven of professional cricketers played the United States XXII at Hoboken, easily defeating the local competition. Sam Wright and his sons Harry and George Wright played on the defeated United States team—a loss which inadvertently encouraged local players to take up baseball. Henry Chadwick believed that baseball and not cricket should become America's pastime after the game drawing the conclusion that amateur American players did not have the leisure time required to develop cricket skills to the high technical level required of professional players. Harry and George Wright then became two of America's first professional baseball players when Aaron Champion raised funds to found the Cincinnati Red Stockings in 1869.

In 1865 the grounds hosted a championship match between the Mutual Club of New Yorkmarker and the Atlantic Club of Brooklynmarker that was attended by an estimated 20,000 fans and captured in the Currier & Ives lithograph "The American National Game of Base Ball".

With the construction of two significant baseball parks enclosed by fences in Brooklynmarker, enabling promoters there to charge admission to games, the prominence of Elysian Fields diminished. In 1868 the leading Manhattanmarker club, Mutual, shifted its home games to the Union Grounds in Brooklynmarker. In 1880, the founders of the New York Metropolitans and New York Giants finally succeeded in siting a ballpark in Manhattan that became known as the Polo Groundsmarker.

World War I

When the USA decided to enter World War I the Hamburg-American Line piers in Hoboken (and New Orleans) were taken under eminent domain. Federal control of the port and anti-German sentiment led to part of the city being placed under martial law, and many Germans were forcibly moved to Ellis Islandmarker or left the city altogether. Hoboken became the major point of embarkation and more than three million soldiers, known as "doughboys", passed through the city. Their hope for an early return led to General Pershing's slogan, "Heaven, Hell or Hoboken... by Christmas."

Following the war, Italians, mostly stemming from the Adriaticmarker port city of Molfettamarker, became the city's major ethnic group, with the Irish also having a strong presence. While the city experienced the Depression, jobs in the ships yards and factories were still available, and the "tenements" were full. Middle-European Jews, mostly German-speaking, also made their way to the city and established small businesses.The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was established on April 30, 1921.The Holland Tunnelmarker was completed in 1927 and the Lincoln Tunnel in 1937, allowing for easier vehicular travel between New Jersey and New York Citymarker, bypassing the waterfront.

Post-World War II

The war provided a shot in the arm for Hoboken as the many industries located in the city were crucial to the war effort. As men went off to battle, more women were hired in the factories, some (most notably, Todd Shipyards), offering classes and other incentives to them. Though some returning service men took advantage of GI housing bills, many with strong ethnic and familial ties chose to stay in town. During the fifties, the economy was still driven by Todd Shipyards, Maxwell House, Lipton Tea, Hostess and Bethlehem Steel and companies with big plants still not inclined to invest in huge infrastructure elsewhere. Unions were powerful and the pay was good.

By the sixties, though, things began to disintegrate: turn-of-the century housing started to look shabby and feel crowded, shipbuilding was cheaper overseas, and single-story plants surrounded by parking lots made manufacturing and distribution more economical than old brick buildings on congested urban streets. The city appeared to be in the throes of inexorable decline as industries sought (what had been) greener pastures, port operations shifted to larger facilities on Newark Baymarker, and the car, truck and plane displaced the railroad and ship as the transportation modes of choice in the United States. Many Hobokenites headed to the suburbs, often the close-by ones in Bergenmarker and Passaicmarker Counties, and real-estate values declined. Hoboken sank from its earlier incarnation as a lively port town into a rundown condition and was often included in lists with other New Jersey cities experiencing the same phenomenon, such as Patersonmarker, Elizabethmarker, Camdenmarker, and neighboring Jersey Citymarker.

The old economic underpinnings were gone and nothing new seemed to be on the horizon. Attempts were made to stabilize the population by demolishing the so-called slums along River Street and build subsidized middle-income housing at Marineview Plaza, and in midtown, at Church Towers. Heaps of long uncollected garbage and roving packs of semi-wild dogs were not uncommon sights. Though the city had seen better days, Hoboken was never abandoned. New infusions of immigrants, most notably Puerto Ricans, kept the storefronts open with small businesses and housing stock from being abandoned, but there wasn't much work to be had. Washington Street, commonly called "the avenue", was never boarded up, and the tightly-knit neighborhoods remained home to many who were still proud of their city. Stevens stayed a premiere technology school, Maxwell House kept chugging away, and Bethlehem Steel still housed sailors who were dry-docked on its piers. Italian-Americans and other came back to the "old neighborhood" to shop for delicatessen. Some streets were "iffy", but most were not pulled in at night.

Waterfront

The waterfront defined Hoboken as an archetypal port town and powered its economy from the mid-19th to mid-20th century, by which time it had become essentially industrial (and mostly inaccessible to the general public). The large production plants of Lipton Tea and Maxwell House, and the drydocks of Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation dominated the northern portion for many years. The southern portion (which had been a US base of the Hamburg-American Line) was seized by the federal government under eminent domain at outbreak of World War I, after which it became (with the rest of the Hudson County) a major East Coast cargo-shipping port. On the Waterfront, consistently listed among the five best American films ever, was shot in Hoboken, dramatically highlighting the rough and tumble lives of longshoremen and the infiltration of unions by organized crime.

With the construction of the interstate highway system and containerization shipping facilities (particularly at Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminalmarker), the docks became obsolete, and by the 1970s were more or less abandoned. A large swathe of River Street, known as the Barbary Coast for its taverns and boarding houses (which had been home for many dockworkers, sailors, merchant marines, and other seamen) was leveled as part of an urban renewal project. Though control of the confiscated area had been returned to the city in the 1950s, complex lease agreements with the Port Authority gave it little influence on its management. In the 1980s, the waterfront dominated Hoboken politics, with various civic groups and the city government engaging in sometimes nasty, sometimes absurd politics and court cases. By the 1990s, agreements were made with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, various levels of government, Hoboken citizens, and private developers to build commercial and residential buildings and "open spaces" (mostly along the bulkhead and on the foundation of un-utilized Pier A).
Panorama of Manhattan from Pier A.


The northern portion, which had remained in private hands, has also been re-developed. While most of the dry-dock and production facilities were razed to make way for mid-rise apartment houses, many sold as investment "condos", some buildings were renovated for adaptive re-use (notably the Tea Building, formerly home to Lipton Tea, and the Machine House, home of the Hoboken Historic Museum). Zoning requires that new construction follow the street grid and limits the height of new construction to retain the architectural character of the city and open sight-lines to the river. Downtown, Sinatra Park and Sinatra Drive honor the man most consider to be Hoboken's most famous son, while uptown the name Maxwell recalls the factory with its smell of roasting coffee wafting over town and its huge neon "Good to the Last Drop" sign, so long a part of the landscape. The midtown section is dominated by the serpentine rock outcropping atop of which sits Stevens Institute of Technologymarker (which also owns some, as yet, un-developed land on the river). At the foot of the cliff is Sybil's Cave (where 19th century day-trippers once came to "take the waters" from a natural spring), long sealed shut, though plans for its restoration are in place. The promenade along the river bank is part of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway, a state-mandated master plan to connect the municipalities from the Bayonne Bridgemarker to George Washington Bridgemarker and provide contiguous unhindered access to the water's edge and to create an urban linear park offering expansive views of the Hudson with the spectacular backdrop of the New York skyline.

Pre- and post-millennium

During the late 1970s and 1980s, the city witnessed a speculation spree, fueled by transplanted New Yorkers and others who bought many turn-of-the-century brownstones in neighborhoods that the still solid middle and working class population had kept intact and by local and out-of-town real-estate investors who bought up late 19th century apartment houses often considered to be tenements. Hoboken experienced a wave of fires, some of which proved to be arson. Applied Housing, a real-estate investment firm, took advantage of US government incentives to renovate "sub-standard" housing and receive subsidized rental payments (commonly known as Section 8), which enabled some low-income, displaced, and disabled residents to move within town. Hoboken attracted artists, musicians, upwardly-mobile commuters (known as yuppies), and "bohemian types" interested in the socio-economic possibilities and challenges of a bankrupt New York and who valued the aesthetics of Hoboken's residential, civic and commercial architecture, its sense of community, and relatively (compared to Lower Manhattan) cheaper rents, and quick, train hop away. Maxwell'smarker (a live music venue and restaurant) opened and Hoboken became a "hip" place to live. Amid this social upheaval, so-called "newcomers" displaced some of the "old-timers" in the eastern half of the city.

This gentrification resembled that of parts of Brooklynmarker and downtown Jersey Citymarker and Manhattan's East Villagemarker, (and to a lesser degree, SoHomarker and TriBeCamarker, which previously had not been residential). The initial presence of artists and young people changed the perception of the place such that others who would not have considered moving there before perceived it as an interesting, safe, exciting, and eventually, desirable. The process continued as many suburbanites, transplanted Americans, internationals, and immigrants (most focused on opportunities in NY/NJ region and proximity to Manhattan) began to make the "Jersey" side of the Hudson their home, and the "real-estate boom" of the era encouraged many to seek investment opportunities. Empty lots were built on, tenements became condominiums. Hoboken felt the impact of the destruction of the World Trade Centermarker intensely, many of its newer residents having worked there. Re-zoning encouraged new construction on former industrial sites on the waterfront and the traditionally more impoverished low-lying west side of the city where, in concert with Hudson-Bergen Light Rail and New Jersey State land-use policy, transit villages are now being promoted. Hoboken became, and remains, a focal point in American rediscovery of urban living, and is often used as staging ground for those wishing to move to the New York/New Jersey metropolitan region.

Government

Local government

Hoboken City Hall, on Washington Street between First Street and Newark Street.
The City of Hoboken is governed under the Faulkner Act system of municipal government by a Mayor and a nine-member City Council. The City Council consists of three members elected at large from the city as a whole, and six members who each represent one of the city's six wards, all of whom are elected to four-year, staggered terms. Candidates run independent of any political party's backing.

The Mayor of Hoboken is Dawn Zimmer, previously the City Council President, who took office on July 31, 2009 after her predecessor, Peter Cammarano, was arrested on allegations of corruption stemming from a decade-long FBI operation. Zimmer, who lost a June 9, 2009 runoff election to Cammarano by 161 votes, served as acting mayor until winning a special election to fill the remainder of the term on November 3, 2009. She was sworn in as mayor on November 6. Zimmer is the first female mayor of Hoboken.

Members of the City Council are:



State and federal

At the federal level, Hoboken is included within New Jersey's 13th congressional district, currently represented by Democrat Albio Sires. At the state level, the city is part of the 33rd Legislative District, which is represented by State Senator Brian P. Stack and Assembly members Ruben J. Ramos and Caridad Rodriguez, who are all Democrats.

Fire department

Fire Station # 4 on the corner of Clinton and 8th Streets.
Hoboken is protected by the City of Hoboken Fire and Rescue Department (HFD). The Department operates out of four city-wide firehouses, and operates a fire apparatus fleet of four engines (including one reserve engine), three ladder trucks (including one reserve ladder truck), two rescues (including one special operations rescue), one hazardous materials unit, one fire boat, one command vehicle, and numerous other special and support units. The City of Hoboken Fire and Rescue Department responds to approximately 4,000 emergency calls annually.

Fire stations and apparatus

  • Fire Station # 1-1313 Washington Street
    • Engine 1
    • Ladder 1
  • Fire Headquarters-Fire Station # 3-201 Jefferson Street
    • Reserve Engine 3
    • Reserve Ladder 4
    • Rescue 1(Special Operations)
    • Tour Commander
    • Special and Support Units
  • Fire Station # 4-801 Clinton Street
    • Engine 4
    • Rescue 1
  • Fire Station # 5-43 Madison Street
    • Engine 5
    • Ladder 2
  • Fire Museum-213 Bloomfield Street


Transportation

The trackage of Hoboken Terminal


Hoboken Terminalmarker, located at the city's southeastern corner, is a national historic landmark originally built in 1907 by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad and currently undergoing extensive renovation. It is the origination/destination point for several modes of transportation and an important hub within the NY/NJ metropolitan region's public transit system. Currently, the City of Hoboken is planning a large renewal project for the terminal area, consisting of high-rises and parks. The project is still in development.

Rail





Water

  • NY Waterway: ferry service across the Hudson River from Hoboken Terminal and 14th Street to World Financial Center and Pier 11/Wall Streetmarker in lower Manhattan, and to West 39th in midtown Manhattan, where free transfer is available to a variety of "loop" buses.


Surface

  • Taxi: Flat fare within city limits and negotiated fare for other destinations.
  • NJ Transit buses west-bound from Hoboken Terminal along Observer Highway: 64 to Newarkmarker, 68, 85, 87, to Jersey City and other Hudson and suburban destinations.
  • NJ Transit buses north-bound from Hoboken Terminal along Washington Street: 126 to Port Authority Bus Terminalmarker via Lincoln Tunnel, 22 to Bergenline/North Hudson, 89 to North Bergen, and 23, 22X (rush hour service) to North Bergen via the waterfront and Boulevard East.
  • Zipcar: An online based car sharing service pickup is located downtown at the Center Parking Garage on Park Avenue, between Newark Street and Observer Highway.




Major roads



Air

Hoboken has no airports. Airports which serve Hoboken are operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Education

Public schools

Hoboken's public schools are operated by Hoboken Board of Educationmarker, and serve students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott Districts statewide.

Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are three K-8 schools —Calabro Primary School,Connors Primary School andWallace Primary School andA. J. Demarest High School and Hoboken High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12.

A.J. Demarest High School is a vocational high school offering such programs as Culinary Arts, Construction and Cosmetology.

Hoboken High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school that is part of the Hoboken Public Schools. As of the 2005-06 school year, the school had an enrollment of 621 students and 61.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 10.2.

Hoboken High School was the 139th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 316 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2008 cover story. The school was ranked 260th in the magazine's September 2006 issue, which surveyed 316 schools across the state. The September 2008 issue of the magazine noted the school as the second most improved high school in the state. The school jumped from 260 in 2006 to 139 in 2008.

In addition, Hoboken has two charter schools, which are schools that receive public funds yet operate independently of the Hoboken Public Schools under charters granted by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education. Elysian Charter Schoolmarker serves students in grades K-8 and Hoboken Charter School in grades K-12.

Private schools

The following private schools are located in Hoboken:

University

The Castle Gatehouse at Stevens Institute of Technology
see Stevens Institute of Technologymarker


Notable businesses and innovations

  • The first Blimpie restaurant opened in 1964 at the corner of Seventh and Washington Streets. A free goldfish in a colored bowl of water was given to all customers who purchased a sandwich during the opening week.
  • The first centrally air-conditioned public space in the United States was demonstrated at Hoboken Terminal.
  • The publisher John Wiley & Sons is headquartered in Hoboken.


Notable residents

Local attractions

Lower Sinatra Drive
Clock at Eleventh Street


Sites

Events

  • Hoboken Farmer's Market, Tuesdays, June through October, on Washington Street, between Observer Highway. and Newark Street.
  • Hoboken House Tour-an inside view of private spaces of historical, architectural or aesthetic interest
  • Hoboken International Film Festival
  • Hoboken Studio Tour-open house at many studios of artists working in town
  • Hoboken Arts and Music Festival (Spring and Fall)-music, arts and crafts on waterfront and Washington Street
  • Hoboken (Secret) Garden Tour-(late Spring)
  • Saint Patrick's Day Parade (usually the first Saturday of March)
  • Hoboken Flip Cup
  • Seventh Inning Stretch-presentation of newly commissioned base-ball inspired one-act plays by Mile Square Theater Company
  • Feast of Saint Anthonys
  • St Ann's Feast-almost 100 years old
  • New Jersey Transit Festival-transportation-related exhibitions at Hoboken Terminal, including train excursions
  • Movies Under the Stars (Summer)-an outdoor film series


Parks

Four Hoboken parks were originally developed within city street grid laid out in the 19th century:



Other parks, developed later, but fitting into the street pattern in the city's southeast:



The Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is a state-mandated master plan to connect the municipalities from the Bayonne Bridgemarker to the George Washington Bridgemarker creating an -long urban linear park and provide contiguous unhindered access to the water's edge. By law, any development on the waterfront must provide a public promenade with a minimum width of . To date, completed segments in Hoboken and the new parks and renovated piers that abut them are (from south to north):

  • the plaza at Hoboken Terminalmarker
  • Pier A
  • The promenade and bike path from Newark to 5th Streets
  • Frank Sinatra Park
  • Castle Point Park
  • Sinatra Drive to 12th, currently under construction, at former Maxwell House Coffee plant
  • 12th to 14th Streets, at former Bethlehem Steel drydocks
  • Hoboken North New York Waterway Pier
  • 14th Street Pier (formerly Pier 4)
  • 14th Street north to southern side of Weehawken Cove, at the former Lipton Tea plant


  • Other segments of river-front held privately (notably by Stevens Tech) are not required to build a walkway until the land is re-developed.


The Hoboken Parks Initiative is a municipal plan to create more public open spaces in the city using a variety of financing schemes including contributions from and zoning trade-offs with private developers, NJ State Green Acres funds, and other government grants. It is source of controversy with various civic groups and the city government. Among the proposed projects, the only one to that has yet materialized is at Maxwell Place, whose developer is obligated to build a public promenade on the river. Others include:

  • Hoboken Island, a 9/11 memorial connected by bridge to Pier A. Hoboken, New Jersey lost 39 of its citizens, making its September 11 death toll the highest in the state of New Jerseymarker and the second highest in the entire United Statesmarker (after New York Citymarker).
  • Pier C, which no longer exists, to be-rebuilt and include sand volleyball court and fishing pier
  • Stevens Techmarker Ice Skating Rink: temporary rink at the eastern end of 5th street to become permanent
  • 1600 Park Avenue, 2.4 acre (10,000 m2) park with two handball courts, two basketball courts, and two tennis courts
  • Hoboken Covemarker, a park along Park Ave at the waterfront
  • 16th Street Pier, 0.75 acres (3,000 m2) extending into Weehawken Covemarker, with playground and overlook terrace
  • Green Belt Walkway, also known as the Green Circuit, on city's western perimeter north of the projects, including rooftop tennis courts and swimming complex.
  • Upper West Side Park, in the northwestern corner of the city adjacent to the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail tracks north of the 14th Street Viaduct, a 4.2 acre (17,000 m2) park with athletic fields


In popular culture

  • Hoboken is the home of Carlo's Bake Shop, where the TLC reality television series Cake Boss is filmed.
  • In the 2008 film Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist, Nick (Michael Cera) hails from Hoboken.
  • The title characters in the 2004 film Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle hail from Hoboken.
  • In the 2000 film Dude, Where's My Car?, the Nordic keepers of the Continuum Transfunctioner threaten to banish the group of evil alien women to Hoboken.
  • On the animated series Megas XLR, which is set in New Jersey, the city Hoboken is made fun of, such as in the episodes "All I wanted was a Slushie" and "DMV: Department of Megas Violations" respectively.
  • A post-apocalyptic Hoboken is the setting of the computer role-playing-game The Superhero League of Hoboken, by Legend Entertainment.
  • The Looney Tunes short "8 Ball Bunny", starring Bugs Bunny, features a baby penguin that Bugs brings to Antarcticamarker, only to have the penguin show him that he was supposed to go to Hoboken instead. In another short, Merlin the Magic Mouse, Merlin announces that he and Second Banana will open their act in Hoboken.
  • The Tori Amos track "Father Lucifer" contains the lyric, "...and girl I've got a condo in Hoboken."
  • Springsteen's "Glory Days" video was shot in Maxwell'smarker in Hoboken.
  • The now-defunct band, Operation Ivy, whose members went on to form Rancid, penned and recorded the song "Hoboken" about the town.
  • Scottish band Franz Ferdinand named a remake of their song "Jacqueline" as "Better in Hoboken".
  • The Twilight Zone episode "The Mighty Casey" features a robot named Casey pitching for a team called the Hoboken Zephyrs.
  • Hoboken Saturday Night is the name of the 1970s album produced by The Insect Trust, a band based in the city at the time.
  • Hoboken was the backdrop of "The Mad Real World," a parody of MTV's The Real World, a skit on the sketch comedy show, Chappelle's Show.
  • The 2007 George Lekovic film Polycarp is set in Hoboken, and premiered June 1, 2007 as the opening film of the Hoboken International Film Festival.
  • The short-lived 1995 ABC sitcom Hudson Street, starring Tony Danza and Lori Loughlin, was set in Hoboken. Danza played a former Hoboken detective and Loughlin played a crime reporter for the fictional newspaper The Hoboken Gazette.
  • Ricki Lake's character in the film Mrs. Winterbourne originated from Hoboken.
  • Hoboken is mentioned in The Vandals' song "I've Got an Ape Drape". The lyrics include the line, "You can go Hoboken and get one too. Then you'll have a mullet like I do."
  • Award-winning Australian rock band The Living End recorded their hit 2008 Dew Process album White Noise at Water Music Studios, Hoboken, NJ. Additionally, the city's name is boldly featured across the back cover of the album, garnering Hoboken international coverage, particularly in Australia.
  • The musical comedies Nunsense and Nunsense 2 feature the Little Sisters of Hoboken, a fictional religious group.
  • Kate Hudson's character in the 2005 thriller The Skeleton Key hails from Hoboken.
  • The rapper Lyrics Born refers to Hoboken in his song "Hot Bizness" by saying "I'm the toast of both coasts from Oakland to Hoboken."
  • Hoboken was a featured city in the popular PC game, Mafia, which was set in the 1930s.
  • In the video games Madden NFL 2000 and Madden 2004, an unlockable fictional team composed of superheroes called the "Sugar Buzz" hails from Hoboken.
  • Hoboken is home to the Macy's Parade Studio, which houses many of the floats for the famous Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.
  • Hoboken is home to Carlo's Bakery, the staff of which is featured in the TLC reality show, Cake Boss.


See also



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