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Hohenzollern-Hechingen was a county and principality in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to a branch of the senior Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.

History

The County of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was created in 1576, upon the partition of the County of Hohenzollernmarker, a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. When the last count of Hohenzollern, Charles I of Hohenzollern (1512-1579) died, the territory was to be divided up between his three sons:

Unlike the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg and Prussia, the Hohenzollerns of southwest Germany remained Roman Catholic. The County was raised to a principality in 1623.

The principality joined the Confederation of the Rhinemarker in 1806 and was a member state of the German Confederationmarker between 1815 and 1850. The democratic Revolution of 1848 was relatively successful in Hohenzollern, and on 16 May 1848, the Prince was forced to accept the establishment of a constitution. However, the conflict between monarch and democrats continued, and on August 6, Hohenzollern was occupied by Prussian forces. On December 7 1849, Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Konstantin sold the country to his relative, King Frederick William IV of Prussia. On 12 March 1850, Hohenzollern-Hechingen officially became part of Prussia, and formed together with Hohenzollern-Sigmaringenmarker the Hohenzollernsche Landemarker.

Rulers

Counts of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1576-1623)

  • Eitel Friedrich IV (1576-1605)
  • Johann Georg (1605-1623) became Prince in 1623


Princes of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1623-1850)




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