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Holguín Province: Map

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Holguín is one of the provinces of Cubamarker, the third most populous after Ciudad de la Habanamarker and Santiago de Cubamarker. It lies in the northeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguínmarker (the capital), Banesmarker, Antillamarker, Mayarímarker, and Moamarker.

The province has a population of slightly over one million people. Its territory exceeds , 25 percent of which are covered by forest.

History

Christopher Columbus landed in what is believed to have been today's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the most beautiful country human eyes had ever seen".

The Holguín province was established in 1978, when it was split from the Oriente region.

Economy

Like much of Cuba, Holguín's economy is based around sugarcane, though other crops such as corn and coffee, as well as mining, are also large earners for the province.

A large cobalt processing plant with shipping facilities was built at Moamarker, using foreign investment, much of it from Canadamarker. Chromium, nickel, iron and steel plants dot the province as well.

Tourism has only recently begun to be developed, with a number of hotels around the Guardalavacamarker area and Cayo Saetiamarker. The Cuchillas del Toamarker Biosphere Reserve Sierra Cristal National Parkmarker and Alejandro de Humboldt National Parkmarker are partly located in the province.

Municipalities

Holguín is divided into 14 municipalities:
Municipality Population

(2004)
Area

(km²)
Location Remarks
Antillamarker
Báguanosmarker
Banesmarker
Cacocummarker
Calixto Garciamarker Buenaventura
Cuetomarker
Frank Paísmarker Cayo Mambí
Gibaramarker
Holguínmarker Provincial Capital
Mayarímarker
Moamarker
Rafael Freyremarker
Sagua de Tánamomarker
Urbano Norismarker
Source: Population from 2004 Census. Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.


Demographics

In 2004, the province of Holguin had a population of 1,029,083. With a total area of , the province had a population density of .

Notable people



See also



References



External links




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