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The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a sidewalk along Hollywood Boulevardmarker and Vine Street in Hollywood, Los Angeles, Californiamarker, USAmarker, that serves as an entertainment museum. It is embedded with more than 2,000 five-pointed stars featuring the names of not only human celebrities but also fictional characters honored by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce for their contributions to the entertainment industry. The Walk of Fame is maintained by the self-financing Hollywood Historic Trust. The first eight stars were dedicated in September 1958 and placed in the sidewalk on the northwest corner of Hollywood Blvd. and Highland Ave. They were installed several months prior to the official 1960 Walk of Fame ground-breaking so as to be ready when the new, twelve-story First Federal Savings and Loan of Hollywood building was completed, in January 1959. On February 9, 1960, Joanne Woodward became the first performer to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6801 Hollywood Blvd.

Characteristics

The Walk of Fame runs west on Hollywood Boulevard from Gower Avenue to La Brea Avenue and south to north on Vine Street between Yucca Street and Sunset Boulevard. The Walk of Fame is nearly a three-and-a-half-(3 1/2)-mile (5.6 km) round-trip walk. Locations of specific stars are permanent, except when occasionally relocated for nearby construction or other reasons.

Each star consists of a pink terrazzo five-pointed star rimmed with bronze and inlaid into a charcoal square. Inside the pink star is the name of the honoree inlaid in bronze, below which is a round bronze emblem indicating the category for which the honoree received the star. The emblems are:
  • Motion picture camera for contribution to the film industry
  • Television set for contribution to the broadcast television industry
  • Phonograph record for contribution to the recording industry
  • Radio microphone for contribution to the broadcast radio industry
  • Twin comedy/tragedy masks for contribution to live theater


There are a few exceptions. Disneylandmarker's star has an emblem of a building, and honorary mayor of Hollywood Johnny Grant's star depicts the Great Seal of Hollywood. Former Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley has a star depicting the seal of the city of Los Angeles. Also, the crew of the Apollo XI mission are named in four identical moons at the intersection of Hollywood and Vinemarker. CW network affiliate KTLA-TV (Channel 5) was honored with a star on the Walk of Fame. The picture on KTLA's star shows a satellite dish, even though KTLA is a terrestrial television station.

Nominations are submitted annually by May 31, and the Walk of Fame committee meets the following month to pick the next year's group of honorees. Star ceremonies are open to the public and formerly were led by honorary Hollywood mayor Johnny Grant prior to his death in 2008.

History

Origins



The Walk of Fame began as a part of the Hollywood Improvement Program, a 1950s effort in neighborhood improvement. Garrie Thompson and Gordon McWilliams, the owners of Anesco Construction Co., came up with the idea as a way to generate some business for their company, and brought it to the Program's attention in 1955 by creating a prototype star made out of brown terrazzo with John Wayne's name embedded in shiny brass. The proposal gained support, so the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce eventually chose 1,558 names from the worlds of radio, recording, television and film to become the first honorees. Construction started in 1958 and the HWOF was dedicated on February 8, 1960. The original stars were installed by Consolidated Terrazzo Company; many honorees received multiple stars during the initial phase of installation for contributions to separate categories.

Although begun as an effort to promote redevelopment, by the late 1960s, Hollywood Boulevard had become a haven for prostitutes and drug addicts; although the selection committee continued to exist (with a single representative from each of the four original categories), they went a decade without adding a new star. In 1978, the city of Los Angelesmarker designated the Walk of Fame as a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. In 1980, Johnny Grant, then a Hollywood Chamber of Commerce member, agreed to lead an effort to revive the practice, adding two new rules: honorees would be required to show up for a Walk of Fame ceremony, and they would have to pay a USD 25,000 fee to help pay for the HWOF's upkeep.

By 1994, more than 2,000 of the original stars were filled, and additional stars extended the Walk west past Sycamore to La Brea Avenue, where it now ends at the Silver Four Ladies of Hollywood Gazebo (with stars honoring The Beatles and Elvis Presley)

Restoration

In July 2008, Hollywood Chamber of Commerce announced that the Walk of Fame was to undergo a US$4.2-million face-lift. 778 stars will have to be replaced because of the wear and tear that they have undergone since they were first laid down. Some of the stars have become so damaged that they are tripping hazards to tourists who traverse the walk. At the same time, Hollywood Chamber announced the Friends of Walk of Fame program will begin, with Absolut Vodka becoming the first Friend; it will be given an award on private property in front of the Kodak Theatremarker, as the first major contributor to the restoration process. This program is a collaboration between the Hollywood Chamber and various city entities.

Firsts

  • Gene Autry is the only person to have been honored with all five possible stars, for his contribution in each of the five categories.


  • Diana Ross is one of only a handful of celebrities to have two stars in the same category, one as a member of The Supremes and one as a solo artist. Michael Jackson was the first to achieve this, through his solo career and as a member of The Jackson Five. Smokey Robinson was honored first with a star as a solo artist and then as a member of his original group, The Miracles, who were honored on March 20, 2009.




  • Anna May Wong is the only Asian-American female to have a star (as of 2008); all other Asian-Americans that have been awarded stars are male.




  • In 1960, singer Jimmy Boyd became the youngest to receive a star on the Walk Of Fame at only 20 years old. On April 29, 2004, 18-year-old twins Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen became the youngest people in any category ever to receive a star. Their star is outside the Kodak Theatre, near Hollywood and Highland Mall.


  • On November 18, 1978, in honor of his 50th anniversary, Mickey Mouse became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The star is located on 6925 Hollywood Blvd.


  • In 2002, the Walk of Fame broke tradition with Muhammad Ali's star. His star is displayed on a wall of the Kodak Theatremarker, due to Ali's request that he not be walked on.


  • In 2005, companies became eligible for Walk-of-Fame-type stars; the first recipient was Disneyland, in honor of its 50th anniversary. Company awards are on private property near the Walk, and not part of the Walk itself. Companies must have a strong Hollywood presence and be at least fifty years old to qualify for this award.


  • In February 2006, Judith Sheindlin (better known as Judge Judy) was the first television judge awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.Judge Joseph Wapner became the second in 2009, although he preceded Sheindlin on television.


  • On January 24, 2007, Los Angeles television station and CW network affiliate KTLA-TVmarker (Channel 5) became the first television service (station or network) to be honored with a star on the Walk of Fame. The picture on KTLA's star shows a satellite dish, recognizing the station's pioneer status as the first West Coast TV station carried by satellite to viewers from Greenland to Panama.




Stolen stars

Four stars have been stolen from the Walk of Fame. Those of James Stewart and Kirk Douglas, which had been removed during a construction project, were stolen from the site on Vine Street. The culprit was a contractor who was later caught with the two stars, damaged and unusable, but not until after they had been replaced. One of Gene Autry's stars was also taken from another construction project. It was later found in Iowamarker. On November 27, 2005, thieves sawed Gregory Peck's star out of the sidewalk near Gower; the star has been replaced as of September 2006 but the thieves have not been caught.

Surveillance cameras are being placed in the walk district to catch thieves.

Nomination process

The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce Walk of Fame Committee is responsible for selecting a new group of entertainers each year to receive stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. New recipients are announced each June for the following year. In order for a person to get a star on the Walk of Fame, he or she must agree to attend a presentation ceremony within five years of selection, and a fee (currently $25,000, up from $15,000) must be paid to the Trust; some of it ($5,000 of $15,000 in December 2003) is set aside for maintenance and repair, with the rest going towards the installation, security, publicity, and staging costs.

The fee is often paid by sponsors such as film studios and record companies, as part of the publicity for a release with which the honoree is involved.; as Johnny Grant pointed out in 2006: "These studios, when they want a star and they've got a picture opening, they'd give you $100,000". On other occasions, the fee is paid by a fan club.

List of stars

Gallery

Image:HollywoodWalkOfFameMoonAtHollywoodAndVine.JPG|One of four identical moons honouring the crew of Apollo XI at the corner of Hollywood and Vinemarker.Image:Tom Petty Walk of Fame.JPG|For a music achievement, the band itself will usually be named, instead of each member.File:End-or-begining-of -the-Walk-of-Fame-at-dusk.JPG|The canopy at the beginning of the "Walk of Fame" at dusk. The Caryatids here are statues of actresses from the early 20th century.

Types of stars:Television, Motion Pictures, Live Theater, Recording and Radio.Image:Bugs Bunny Walk of Fame 4-20-06.jpg | Bugs Bunny (2006) Star for Excellence in 'Motion Pictures. Image:The Simpsons star.jpg | The Simpsons (2000) Star for Excellence in 'Television. Image:Tom Petty Walk of Fame.JPG | Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers (1999) Star for Excellence in 'Recording. Image:Spike Jones - Star.jpg|Spike Jones (2007) Star for Excellence in 'Radio .Image:Walk Leistungen am Theater.jpg| Star for Excellence in 'Theater.

Passed starsFile:Paderewski hollywood.jpg| Ignace Paderewski (1941) Star of passed Ignace Paderewski Image:Richard Pryor Hollywood star 2.jpg| Richard Pryor (2005) Star of passed Richard Pryor Image:Michael Jackson Star.JPG| Michael Jackson (2009) Star of passed Michael Jackson

See also



References

  1. Peter Frampton's star is a safety hazard? from MSNBC
  2. Jet magazine, March 9, 2007; pg. 39.
  3. [http://alumni.american.edu/content.cfm?id=113 alumni.american.edu
  4. Hollywood Boulevard's Price of Fame, a December 2003 article from the Fox News website


External links




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