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Honeysuckles (Lonicera, ; syn. Caprifolium Mill.) are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Northern Hemispheremarker. There are about 180 species of honeysuckle, with by far the greatest diversity in Chinamarker, where over 100 species occur; by comparison, Europe and North America have only about 20 native species each. Widely known species include Lonicera periclymenum (European Honeysuckle or Woodbine), Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle, or Chinese Honeysuckle) and Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, or Woodbine Honeysuckle). Hummingbirds are attracted to these plants.

The leaves are opposite, simple oval, 1–10 cm long; most are deciduous but some are evergreen. Many of the species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. Breaking of the Honeysuckle's stem will release this powerful sweet odor. The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but a few (notably Lonicera caerulea) have edible berries. The plant is eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on honeysuckles.

The name Lonicera stems from Adam Lonicer, a Renaissance botanist.

Medicinal Properties

Honeysuckle is used in herbal cough medicines.

Selected species

Lonicera acuminata  

Lonicera albiflora - White Honeysuckle  

Lonicera alpigena - Alpine Honeysuckle  

Lonicera altmannii  

Lonicera angustifolia  

Lonicera anisocalyx  

Lonicera arborea  

Lonicera arizonica - Arizona Honeysuckle  

Lonicera biflora  

Lonicera bournei  

Lonicera brevisepala  

Lonicera buchananii  

Lonicera buddleioides  

Lonicera caerulea - Blue-berried Honeysuckle  

Lonicera calcarata  

Lonicera calvescens  

Lonicera canadensis - American Fly Honeysuckle  

Lonicera caprifolium - Perfoliate Honeysuckle  

Lonicera carnosifolis  

Lonicera chrysantha - Chrysantha Honeysuckle  

 

 

Lonicera ciliosa - Orange Honeysuckle  

Lonicera ciliosissima  

Lonicera cinerea  

Lonicera codonantha  

Lonicera confusa  

Lonicera conjugialis - Purpleflower Honeysuckle  

Lonicera crassifolia  

Lonicera cyanocarpa  

Lonicera dasystyla - Tonkinese Honeysuckle  

Lonicera dioica - Limber Honeysuckle  

Lonicera elisae  

Lonicera etrusca - Etruscan honeysuckle  

Lonicera fargesii  

Lonicera ferdinandii  

Lonicera ferruginea  

Lonicera flava - Yellow Honeysuckle  

Lonicera fragilis  

Lonicera fragrantissima - Winter Honeysuckle  

Lonicera fulvotomentosa  

Lonicera glutinosa  

Lonicera graebneri  

Lonicera gynochlamydea  

Lonicera hellenica - Greek Honeysuckle  

Lonicera hemsleyana  

Lonicera heterophylla  

Lonicera hildebrandiana - Giant Burmese Honeysuckle  

Lonicera hirsuta - Hairy Honeysuckle  

Lonicera hispida  

Lonicera hispidula - Pink Honeysuckle  

Lonicera humilis  

Lonicera hypoglauca  

Lonicera hypoleuca  

Lonicera implexa  

Lonicera inconspicua  

Lonicera inodora  

Lonicera interrupta - Chaparral Honeysuckle  

Lonicera involucrata - Bearberry honeysuckle  

Lonicera japonica - Japanese Honeysuckle  

Lonicera jilongensis  

Lonicera kansuensis  

Lonicera kawakamii  

Lonicera korolkowii - Blueleaf Honeysuckle  
Lonicera lanceolata  

Lonicera ligustrina  

Lonicera litangensis  

Lonicera longiflora  

Lonicera longituba  

Lonicera maackii - Amur Honeysuckle  

Lonicera macrantha  

Lonicera macranthoides  

Lonicera maximowiczii  

Lonicera microphylla  

Lonicera minuta  

Lonicera minutifolia  

Lonicera modesta  

Lonicera morrowii - Morrows honeysuckle  

Lonicera mucronata  

Lonicera myrtillus  

Lonicera nervosa  

Lonicera nigra - Black-berried Honeysuckle  

Lonicera nitida - Box or Boxleaf honeysuckle  

Lonicera nubium  

Lonicera nummulariifolia  

Lonicera oblata  

Lonicera oblongifolia - Swamp Fly Honeysuckle  

Lonicera oiwakensis  

Lonicera oreodoxa  

Lonicera orientalis  

Lonicera pampaninii  

Lonicera periclymenum - Common (or European) honeysuckle, Woodbine  

Lonicera pileata - Privet honeysuckle  

Lonicera pilosa - Mexican Honeysuckle  

Lonicera praeflorens  

Lonicera prostrata  

Lonicera pyrenaica  

Lonicera reticulata - Grape Honeysuckle  

Lonicera retusa  

Lonicera rhytidophylla  

Lonicera rupicola  

Lonicera ruprechtiana - Manchurian Honeysuckle  

Lonicera saccata  

Lonicera schneideriana  

Lonicera semenovii  

Lonicera sempervirens - Trumpet Honeysuckle  

Lonicera serreana  

Lonicera setifera  

Lonicera similis  

Lonicera spinosa  

Lonicera splendida - Evergreen Honeysuckle  

Lonicera standishii - Standish's Honeysuckle  

Lonicera stephanocarpa  

Lonicera subaequalis  

Lonicera subhispida  

Lonicera sublabiata  

Lonicera subspicata - Southern Honeysuckle  

Lonicera szechuanica  

Lonicera taipeiensis  

Lonicera tangutica  

Lonicera tatarica - Tartarian Honeysuckle  

Lonicera tatarinowii  

Lonicera tomentella  

Lonicera tragophylla  

Lonicera tricalysioides  

Lonicera trichogyne  

Lonicera trichosantha  

Lonicera trichosepala  

Lonicera tubuliflora  

Lonicera utahensis - Utah Honeysuckle  

Lonicera villosa - Mountain Fly Honeysuckle  

Lonicera virgultorum  

Lonicera webbiana  

Lonicera xylosteum - (European) Fly Honeysuckle, Dwarf Honeysuckle, Fly Woodbine  

Lonicera yunnanensis  


Honeysuckle in popular culture



References

External links




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