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Flag of Honolulu
Seal of Honolulu
The City and County of Honolulu is a combined city-county jurisdiction located in the U.S. state of Hawai imarker. It is also the official municipal and cultural entity of the combined urban district of Honolulumarker and the rest of the island of O ahumarker in the State of Hawai'i, as prescribed in the city charter adopted in 1907 and accepted by the Legislature of the Territory of Hawai i. The City and County encompasses all of the island of O'ahu and several minor outlying islands including all of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (islands beyond Ni ihaumarker except Midway Atollmarker). It acts as a public corporation that manages various aspects of traditional municipal governance primarily in the American manner. The population of the City and County was 876,156 at the 2000 census, making it the eleventh-largest municipality in the United States.

Upon becoming a consolidated city-county on April 30, 1907, the combined territories were incorporated as the City and County of Honolulu, as it is known today.

The current Mayor of Honolulu is Mufi Hannemann.

The motto is Ha’aheo No ‘O Honolulu (Honolulu Pride).

Government

The Capitol of the State of Hawaii
Originally governed by a Board of Supervisors, the City and County of Honolulu is administered under a mayor-council system of governance overseeing all municipal services: civil defense, emergency medical, fire, parks and recreation, police, sanitation, streets, water, among others. One of the largest municipal governments in the United States, the City and County of Honolulu has an annual operating budget of $1 Billion.

The government of the City and County of Honolulu is simplified and streamlined and coalesces at three major divisions of municipal power.
  • The Mayor of Honolulu is the principal executor of administrative authority and wields highly centralized abilities which in most cities are weighted more equally between the mayor and legislature. Because of the nature of these abilities, the Mayor of Honolulu is often considered by political scientists as one of the most powerful mayors in the nation. The mayor is elected on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term.
  • The Honolulu City Council is the unicameral legislative body. Its elected members are responsible for drafting and passing laws, as well as proposing budgets for various departments. Unlike other cities in the United Statesmarker, the council is absolutely independent of the mayor, who does not make any appearances during any of the council sessions. The nine council members each represent one of nine districts, and are elected on a non-partisan basis to staggered four-year terms.
  • The Prosecuting Attorney of Honolulu is absolutely independent of the other two major divisions of municipal power, and is not charged with providing counsel to those bodies; that duty is a responsibility of the Department of Corporation Counsel under mayoral jurisdiction. The prosecuting attorney is elected on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term.


The City and County of Honolulu is one of only a handful of U.S. cities with an extensive neighborhood board system. With 36 neighborhood boards, the system is perhaps the largest of its kind. Members are elected to two-year terms. The office of neighborhood board member is an advisory position for public policy and civil investment.

Districts

Like most cities in the United States, the City and County of Honolulu is divided into smaller administrative districts. There are nine such districts, each of which elects a member of the city council. The boundaries of each district are revised every ten years in conjunction with the U.S. Census. Each district is composed of unincorporated subdivisions unofficially called towns and cities.

  • DISTRICT I: Ewa, Ewa Beachmarker, Honouliuli, West Loch, Kapoleimarker, Makakilomarker, Kalaeloamarker, Honokai Hale and Nanakai Gardens, Ko Olina, Nānākuli, Wai anae, Mākaha, Kea au, Mākua.
  • DISTRICT II: Mililani Mauka, Wahiawā, Whitmore Village, Mokulē ia, Waialua, Hale iwa, Waimea, Pūpūkea, Sunset Beach, Kahuku, Lā ie, Hau ula, Punalu u, Kahana, Ka a awa, Kualoa, Waiāhole, Kahalu u, Āhuimanu, He eia.
  • DISTRICT III: Waimānalo, Kailua, Kāne ohe.
  • DISTRICT IV: Hawai i Kai, Kuli ou ou, Niu Valley, Āina Haina, Wailupe, Wai alae-Iki, Kalani Valley, Kāhala, Wilhelmina Rise, a portion of Kapahulu, a portion of Kaimukī, Diamond Head, Waikīkī, Ala Moana.
  • DISTRICT V: Kapahulu, Kaimukī, Pālolo Valley, St. Louis Heights, Mānoa, Mō ili ili, McCully, Kaka ako, Ala Moana, Makiki.
  • DISTRICT VI: Makiki, downtown Honolulu, Punchbowl, Liliha, Pauoa Valley, Nu uanu, Ālewa Heights, Papakōlea, Kalihi Valley, Kalihi.
  • DISTRICT VII: Kalihi, Kapālama, Pālama, Iwilei, Sand Island, Māpunapuna, Airport, Hickam, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island, Āliamanu, Salt Lake, Foster Village, Stadium, Hālawa Valley Estates.
  • DISTRICT VIII: Fort Shaftermarker, Moanalua, Hālawa, Aiea, Pearl City, Seaview, Crestview, Waipi o Gentry.
  • DISTRICT IX: Waikele, Waipahumarker, Village Park, Kunia, Mililani.


Civic center

The civic center is coextensive with what is known as the Capitol Districtmarker in downtown Honolulu. The official seat of governance for the City and County of Honolulu is located within the district at Honolulu Halemarker, established in the 1920s as a city hall structure and houses the chambers of the Mayor of Honolulu and the Honolulu City Council. In the 1960s and 1970s, Mayor Frank Fasi developed the modern civic center as it is known today. He took to controversial and aggressive measures to reclaim property, demolish massive concrete structures in the area, construct underground parking facilities and open a green campus above ground with manicured lawns and specially commissioned sculpted artwork. He also oversaw the construction of new government buildings to house the departments that fell within mayoral jurisdiction. The most prominent of those new buildings were the Honolulu Municipal Building and Hale Maka i, the headquarters of the Honolulu Police Department. Civic centers were also constructed off the Capitol District campus including the Kapi olani Bandstand, Neal S.marker Blaisdell Centermarker, and the Waikīkī Shellmarker.

Municipal services

The City and County of Honolulu collects various forms of taxes including a property tax. Revenue from those taxes are used to provide several services for the residents. The most prominent of those services are:



Federal representation

The United States Postal Service operates post offices in the City and County of Honolulu. The main Honolulu Post Office is located by the international airport at 3600 Aolele Street in the CDP.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 876,156 people, 286,450 households, and 205,671 families residing in the City and County of Honolulu. The population density was 1,461 people per square mile (564/km²). There were 315,988 housing units at an average density of 527/sq mi (203/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 46.04% Asian, 21.28% white, 8.87% Pacific Islander, 2.35% black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.28% from other races, and 19.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.70% of the population.

There were 286,450 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

Geography

Kailua in East Oahu
Kaneohe in East Oahu
Halawa in Central Oahu
Haleiwa in rural North Shore
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,127 square miles (5,509 km²), of which, 600 square miles (1,553 km²) of it is land and 1,527 square miles (3,955 km²) of it is water. The total census tract area is 71.80% water. However, the majority of this area is the Pacific Oceanmarker that surrounds the islands.

Communities

Alphabetical Population Size
40,000
20,000
10,000
5,000
All others are either 2,000
in population, or recent census
data included in a listed tract.



Adjacent counties



National protected areas



Economy

Hawaiian Airlines, Island Air, and Aloha Air Cargo are headquartered in the CDP. Prior to its dissolution, Aloha Airlines was headquartered in the CDP.

Diplomatic missions

Several countries have diplomatic facilities in Honolulu CDP in the City and County of Honolulu. The Consulate-General of Japan in Honolulumarker is located at 1742 Nuuanu Avenue. The Consulate-General of South Korea in Honolulu is located at 2756 Pali Highway. The Consulate-General of the Philippines in Honolulu is located at 2433 Pali Highway. The Consulate-General of the Federated States of Micronesia in Honolulu is located in Suite 908 at 3049 Ualena Street. The Consulate-General of Australia in Honolulu is located in the penthouse of 1000 Bishop Street. The Consulate-General of the Marshall Islands is located in Suite 301 at 1888 Lusitana Street.

Transportation

Honolulu International Airport reef runway

Air

Located on the western end of Honolulu CDP, Honolulu International Airportmarker (HNL) is the principal aviation gateway to the state of Hawaii.

Highways

Several freeways serve Honolulu City and County:

Other major highways that link the Honolulu CDP with other parts of the Island of Oahu are:
  • Pali Highway, State Rte. 61, crosses north over the Koolau range via the Pali Tunnels to connect to Kailuamarker and Kaneohemarker on the windward side of the Island.
  • Likelike Highway, State Rte. 63, also crosses the Koolau to Kaneohe via the Wilson Tunnels.
  • Kalanianaole Highway, State Rte. 72, runs eastward from Waialae/Kahala to Hawaii Kai and around the east end of the island to Waimanalo Beachmarker.
  • State Route 80 is in the north of the island
  • Kamehameha Highway, State Rte. 83, runs along the northeast edge of Oahu
  • State Route 93 is along the western edge of the island. State Route 95 spurs off of 93
  • Kamehameha Highway, State Rte. 99, runs westward from near Hickam Air Force Basemarker to Aieamarker and beyond, eventually running through the center of the island and ending in Kaneohemarker.
  • Routes 801, 803, and 930 are in the north of Oahu


Like most major American cities, the City and County of Honolulu experiences heavy traffic congestion during rush hours, especially to and from the western communities of Kapolei, Ewa, Aiea, Pearl Citymarker, Waipahumarker, and Mililanimarker. Land for expanding road capacity is at a premium everywhere on Oahu.

Public transportation

Bus

Established by former Mayor Frank F. Fasi, Honolulu's public transit system has been twice honored by the American Public Transportation Association bestowing the title of "America's Best Transit System" for 1994–1995 and 2000–2001. Oahu Transit Services' "TheBus" operates 107 routes with a fleet of 541 buses.

In 2004, construction had started on a bus rapid transit (BRT) system using dedicated rights-of-way for buses. The system, proposed by then Mayor Jeremy Harris, was expected to link the Iwilei neighborhood with Waikikimarker. However, current Mayor Mufi Hannemann has largely dismantled the BRT system and deployed its buses along other express bus routes.

Rail

Currently, there is no urban rail transit system in Honolulu, although electric street railways were once used during the early days of Honolulu's history. The last major attempt was called the Honolulu Area Rail Rapid Transit project, popularly known as HART. Originally proposed in 1968 by Mayor Neal S. Blaisdell and supported by his successor, Frank Fasi, HART was originally envisioned as a line from Pearl City to Hawaii Kai. By 1980, however, the project's length was cut to an segment between the University of Hawaii at Manoamarker and Honolulu International Airportmarker.

In the wake of proposed budget cuts by President Ronald Reagan, including the elimination of all funding for transit projects by 1985, newly elected Mayor Eileen Anderson cancelled the project in 1981 and returned grants and funding to their sources, arguing the project would break her vow of fiscal responsibility..

Several attempts had been made since Anderson's cancellation of HART to construct a fixed rail mass transit system. All attempts stalled in Honolulu City Council hearings. In 2004, the city, county and state approved development of an action plan for a system to be built in several phases. The initial line proposed linking Kapolei in West Oahu to the University of Hawaii at Manoamarker. However, on December 22, 2006 the city council approved a fixed-guideway system meant to accommodate either rail or buses, running from Kapoleimarker in West Oahu to Ala Moana, with spurs into Waikikimarker and Manoamarker.

On November 4, 2008, the residents of Honolulu voted to approve a new $4.5 billion rail project that would connect West Oahu with downtown, Waikiki and University of Hawaii. The trains will be approximately long, electric, steel wheel to steel rail technology and will capable of carrying more than 300 passengers each.

Education

Colleges and universities

Colleges and universities in the City and County of Honolulu include: three in the Honolulu CDP (University of Hawaii at Manoamarker, Chaminade Universitymarker, and Hawaii Pacific Universitymarker) and Brigham Young University–Hawaiimarker in Laie CDP.

Primary and secondary schools

Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools in Honolulu.

Public libraries

Hawaii State Public Library System operates public libraries. The Hawaii State Library in the Honolulu CDP serves as the main library of the system, while the Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, also in the CDP, serves handicapped and blind people. In addition the system operates 22 branch libraries throughout the city and county.

Cultural institutions

With symbolic native-styled architectural features, the First Hawaiian Center is the tallest building in Hawaii and home to a Contemporary Museum gallery.


Performing arts

Established in 1900, the Honolulu Symphony is the oldest US symphony orchestra west of the Rocky Mountains. Other classical music ensembles include the Hawaii Opera Theatre. Honolulu is also a center for Hawaiian music. The main music venues include the Neal Blaisdell Centermarker Concert Hall, the Waikiki Shellmarker, and the Hawaii Theatremarker.

Honolulu also includes several venues for live theater, including the Diamond Head Theatremarker.

Visual arts

There are various institutions supported by the state and private entities for the advancement of the visual arts. The Honolulu Academy of Artsmarker is endowed with the largest collection of Asian and Western art in Hawaii. It also has the largest collection of Islamic art, housed at the Shangri La estate. The academy hosts a film and video program dedicated to arthouse and world cinema in the museum's Doris Duke Theatre, named for the academy's historic patroness Doris Duke.

The Contemporary Museum is the only contemporary art museum in the state. It has two locations: main campus in Makiki and a multi-level gallery in downtown Honolulu at the First Hawaiian Centermarker.

The Hawaii State Art Museum is also located in downtown Honolulu at No. 1 Capitol District Building and boasts a collection of art pieces created by local artists as well as traditional Hawaiian art. The museum is administered by the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts.

Natural museums

Recognized internationally as the premier cultural institution of Hawaii, the Bishop Museummarker is the largest of Honolulu's museums. It is endowed with the state's largest collection of natural history specimens and the world's largest collection of Hawaiiana and Pacific culture artifacts. The Honolulu Zoomarker is the main zoological institution in Hawaii while the Waikiki Aquariummarker is a working marine biology laboratory. The Waikiki Aquarium is partnered with the University of Hawaii and other universities worldwide. Established for appreciation and botany, Honolulu is home to several gardens: Foster Botanical Gardenmarker, Liliuokalani Botanical Gardenmarker, Walker Estate, among others.

Sports

Currently, Honolulu has no professional sports teams. However, Honolulu hosts the NFL's annual Pro Bowl each February in addition to the NCAA football Hawaii Bowl. Honolulu also supports the Hawaii Winter League annually from late September to late November, hosting minor league players from MLB, NPB, and Korea. Games are hosted at Les Murakami and Hans L'Orange Park. Fans of spectator sports in Honolulu generally support the football, volleyball, basketball, and baseball programs of the University of Hawaii at Manoamarker. High school sporting events, especially football, are especially popular. Venues for spectator sports in Honolulu include:

Honolulu's mild climate lends itself to year-round fitness activities as well. In 2004, Men's Fitness magazine named Honolulu the fittest city in the U.S. Honolulu is also home to three large road race:

Media

The City and County of Honolulu is home to numerous forms media including newspapers, magazines, radio and television.

Sister cities

The City and County of Honolulu has sister city relationships with the following cities:
Arequipamarker, Perumarker Baguiomarker, Philippinesmarker Bakumarker, Azerbaijanmarker Bruyèresmarker, Francemarker Caracasmarker, Venezuelamarker
Cebumarker, Philippinesmarker Funchalmarker, Portugalmarker Hainanmarker, People's Republic of Chinamarker Hiroshima, Japanmarker Huếmarker, Vietnammarker
Incheonmarker, South Koreamarker Kaohsiungmarker, Taiwanmarker (Republic of Chinamarker) Kyzylmarker, Russia Laoagmarker, Philippines Mombasamarker, Kenyamarker
Mumbaimarker, Indiamarker Naha, Japanmarker Puerto Princesamarker, Philippines San Juan, Puerto Ricomarker (U.S.) Seoulmarker, South Koreamarker
Sintra, Portugalmarker Tokyomarker, Japan Viganmarker, Philippines Vladivostokmarker, Russia Zhongshanmarker, People's Republic of China


References

  1. " Events, Official Web Site for The City and County of Honolulu." City and County of Honolulu. Accessed October 14, 2008.
  2. " Post Office Location - HONOLULU." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  3. " Corporate Headquarters." Hawaiian Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  4. " Contact Information." Island Air. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  5. " Locations." Aloha Air Cargo. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  6. " Honolulu CDP, HI." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  7. " Aloha Airlines, Inc." BusinessWeek. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  8. " Visa & Travel." Consulate-General of Japan in Honolulu. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  9. " Location." Consulate-General of South Korea in Honolulu. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
  10. " Other Philippine Missions in the U.S.." Consulate-General of the Philippines in Chicago. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
  11. " Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas Embassies, Consulates, and Missions." Department of Foreign Affairs . Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
  12. " Australian Consulate-General in Honolulu, United States of America." Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
  13. " Foreign Mission." Republic of the Marshall Islands. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  14. http://www.khnl.com/Global/story.asp?S=9295785 Honolulu - Rail transit passes
  15. http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081106/NEWS01/811060369/1001/NEWS05 Honolulu rail might be rerouted to airport
  16. " Hawaii State Library." Hawaii State Public Library System. Retrieved on May 22, 2009.
  17. " Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped." Hawaii State Public Library System. Retrieved on May 22, 2009.
  18. " Library Locations." Hawaii State Public Library System. Retrieved on May 22, 2009.
  19. City and County of Honolulu: Sister Cities, Honolulu, 2008. Accessed 2009-02-08.


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