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Hooghly district ( ) is one of the districts of the state of West Bengalmarker in Indiamarker. It can alternatively be spelt Hoogli or Hugli. The district is named after the Hooghly Rivermarker.

The headquarters of the district is at Chinsuramarker. There are 4 subdivisions to the district: Chinsura Sadarmarker, Chandannagarmarker, Seramporemarker and Arambagmarker.

History

The district of Hooghly got its name from the town of Hooghly situated on the west bank of Hooghly Rivermarker about 40 km north of Kolkatamarker. This town was a river port in the fifteenth century. The first European to reach this area was the Portuguesemarker sailor Vasco-da-gama. In 1536 Portuguese traders got a permit from Sultan Mahmud Shah to trade in this area. In those days the Hooghly River was the main way for transportation and Hooghly served as an excellent trading port. Within a few decades the town of Hooghly turned into a major commercial center and the largest port in Bengal. Later in 1579-80 emperor Akbar gave permission to a Portuguese captain Pedro Tavares to establish a city anywhere in the Bengal province. They normally chose Hooghly and thus Hooghly became the first European settlement in Bengal. In 1599 the Portuguese traders built a convent and a church in Bandelmarker. This is the first Christian church in Bengal known as ‘Bandel Church’ today.

But the Portuguese traders started misusing their power. They started slave-trading, robbery and converting natives into Christians by pressure. At a time they even stopped paying taxes to the Mughal Empire. As a result Emperor Shah Jahan ordered the then ruler of Bengal province, Qasim Khan Juvayni to block the city of Hooghly. This eventually led to war in which the Portuguesemarker completely lost their ground here and were unable to rise again.

Hooghly Imambara
Among other European powers that came to Hooghly were Dutchmarker, Danishmarker, Britishmarker, Frenchmarker, Belgiansmarker and Germansmarker. Dutch traders centered their activities in the town Chuchuramarker which is just south to Hooghly. Chandannagarmarker became the base of the French and remained under their control from 1816 to 1950. Similarly the Danish settled in Srirampurmarker. All of these towns are situated on the west bank of the Hooghly Rivermarker and served as ports. But among these nations the British ultimately became most powerful.

Initially they were based in and around the city of Hooghly like traders from other countries but in 1690 an agent of the British East India Company named Job Charnock decided to shift their trading center from the city of Hooghly to Kolkatamarker. The reason behind this decision was the strategically safe location of Kolkata and its proximity to the sea (Bay of Bengalmarker). As a result the center of gravity of trade and commerce in Bengalmarker province shifted from the city Hooghly to Kolkata and Hooghly subsequently lost its importance as Kolkata prospered. After the Battle of Buxar this region was under direct British rule until India’s independence in 1947. After independence this district merged into the state of West Bengalmarker.

Though the city of Hooghly is more than 500 years old; the district of Hooghly was formed in 1795 with the city of Hooghly as its headquarters. Later the headquarters shifted to the town of Chuchuramarker. In 1843 the Howrah districtmarker was created from the southern portion of this district. And in 1872, the south-west portion of this district was merged into the Medinipur districtmarker. The last change in area occurred in 1966. Antpurmarker is a tourist spot in this district.

Geography

The district is a completely flat land with no place having more than an elevation of 200 meters. The River Hooghly borders it to the east. Another major river is 'Damodar'.The district is bordered by Howrahmarker District to the south, Bardhamanmarker District to the north, and to the east by the River Hooghlymarker. Bankuramarker District lies to the north-west, with Medinipurmarker District to the south-west.

Economy

Hooghly is the one of the most economically developed districts in West Bengal. It is also the main jute cultivation, jute industry, and jute trade hub in the state. There are also a number of industrial complexes including one of the largest car manufacturing plants in India, the 'Hindustan Motors' plant located in Uttarpara. The jute mills are located along the banks of the river Hooghly in Tribeni, Bhadreswar, Champdani and Sreerampur.

Hooghly District Police Administration

Hooghly District comes under Burdwan Police Range.

The Police Chief of the district is the Superintendent of Police. His office is located at Chinsurah.

For the functioning of 23 Police Stations of the district, District Intelligence Branch, District Enforcement Branch and District Reserve Police Force SP, Hooghly is assisted by three Additional Superintendents of Police ; viz

1. Additional Superintendent of Police (HQ): Having his office at Chinsurah, looks after the Sadar Sub-Division and District Police Force, being assisted by Dy.S.P. (HQ) and Dy.S.P. (D&T).

2. Additional Superintendent of Police (Industrial): He is located at Serampore. He is the supervising officer for Serampore and Chandernagore Sub Divisions; being assisted by SDPO: Serampore and SDPO: Chandernagore.

3. Additional Superintendent of Police (Rural): He is located at Arambagh. He is the supervising officer for Arambagh Sub Division; being assisted by SDPO: Arambagh.

Subdivisions

Hooghly district of West Bengal
The district comprises four subdivisions: Chinsurah, Chandannagore, Srirampore and Arambagh. Chinsurah subdivision consists of two municipalities (Hugli-Chuchuramarker and Bansberiamarker) and five community development blocs: Balagarh, Chinsurah–Mogra, Dhaniakhali, Pandua and Polba–Dadpur. Chandannagore subdivision consists of Chandannagarmarker municipal corporation and three municipalities (Bhadreswarmarker, Champdanimarker and Tarakeswarmarker) and three community development blocs: Haripal, Singur and Tarakeswar. Srirampore subdivision consists of five municipalities (Seramporemarker, Uttarpara Kotrungmarker, Konnagarmarker, Rishramarker and Baidyabatimarker) and four community development blocks: Chanditala–I, Chanditala–II, Jangipara and Sreerampur Uttarpara. Arambagh subdivision consists of Arambagmarker municipality and six community development blocks: Arambag, Khanakul–I, Khanakul–II, Goghat–I, Goghat–II and Pursurah.

Hugli-Chuchuramarker is the district headquarters. There are 23 police stations, 18 development blocks, 12 municipalities and 210 gram panchayats in this district.

Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 40 urban units: 12 municipalities and 28 census towns.

Chinsurah subdivision

  • Two municipalities: Hugli-Chuchuramarker and Bansberiamarker
  • Balagarh community development block consists of rural areas with 13 gram panchayats and one census town: Badhagachhimarker.
  • Chinsurah–Mogra community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats and nine census towns: Kodaliamarker, Raghunathpurmarker, Madhusudanpurmarker, Amodghatamarker, Shankhanagarmarker, Chak Bansberiamarker, Kulihandamarker, Simlamarker and Dharmapurmarker.
  • Dhaniakhali community development block consists of rural areas only with 18 gram panchayats.
  • Pandua community development block consists of rural areas with 16 gram panchayats and one census town: Panduamarker.
  • Polba–Dadpur community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.


Chandannagore subdivision

  • Chandannagarmarker municipal corporation
  • Three municipalities: Bhadreswarmarker, Champdanimarker and Tarakeswarmarker
  • Haripalmarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 15 gram panchayats.
  • Singur community development block consists of rural areas with 16 gram panchayats and one census town: Singurmarker.
  • Tarakeswar community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.


Srirampore subdivision



Arambagh subdivision

  • One municipality: Arambagmarker.
  • Arambag community development block consists of rural areas only with 15 gram panchayats.
  • Khanakul–Imarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 13 gram panchayats.
  • Khanakul–IImarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
  • Goghat–Imarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Goghat–IImarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Pursurahmarker community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.


Assembly constituencies

The district is divided into 19 assembly constituencies:
  1. Jangipara (assembly constituency no. 177),
  2. Chanditala (assembly constituency no. 178),
  3. Uttarpara (assembly constituency no. 179),
  4. Serampore (assembly constituency no. 180),
  5. Champdani (assembly constituency no. 181),
  6. Chandernagore (assembly constituency no. 182),
  7. Singur (assembly constituency no. 183),
  8. Haripal (assembly constituency no. 184),
  9. Tarakeswar (assembly constituency no. 185),
  10. Chinsurah (assembly constituency no. 186),
  11. Bansberia (assembly constituency no. 187),
  12. Balagarh (assembly constituency no. 188),
  13. Pandua (assembly constituency no. 189),
  14. Polba (assembly constituency no. 190),
  15. Dhaniakhali (assembly constituency no. 191),
  16. Pursurah (assembly constituency no. 192),
  17. Khanakul (assembly constituency no. 193),
  18. Arambagh (assembly constituency no. 194) and
  19. Goghat (assembly constituency no. 195).


Balagarh, Dhaniakhali, Khanakul and Goghat constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes candidates. Along with two assembly constituencies from Howrah districtmarker, Jangipara, Chanditala, Uttarpara, Serampore and Champdani constituencies form the Serampore . Chandernagore, Singur, Haripal, Chinsurah, Bansberia, Polba and Dhaniakhali constituencies form the Hooghly . Tarakeswar, Pursurah, Khankul, Arambag and Goghat constituencies are part of the Arambagh , which also contains two assembly segments in Paschim Medinipur districtmarker. Balagarh and Pandua constituencies are part of the Katwa , which also contains five assembly constituency from Bardhaman districtmarker.

Impact of delimitation of constituencies

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the district will be divided into 18 assembly constituencies:
  1. Uttarpara (assembly constituency no. 185),
  2. Sreerampur (assembly constituency no. 186),
  3. Champdani (assembly constituency no. 187),
  4. Singur (assembly constituency no. 188),
  5. Chandannagar (assembly constituency no. 189),
  6. Chunchura (assembly constituency no. 190),
  7. Balagarh (assembly constituency no. 191),
  8. Pandua (assembly constituency no. 192),
  9. Saptagram (assembly constituency no. 193),
  10. Chanditala (assembly constituency no. 194),
  11. Jangipara (assembly constituency no. 195),
  12. Haripal (assembly constituency no. 196),
  13. Dhanekhali (assembly constituency no. 197),
  14. Tarakeswar (assembly constituency no. 198),
  15. Pursurah (assembly constituency no. 199),
  16. Arambag (assembly constituency no. 200),
  17. Goghat (assembly constituency no. 201) and
  18. Khanakul (assembly constituency no. 202).


Balagarh, Dhanekhali, Arambag and Goghat constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes candidates. Along with two assembly constituencies from Howrah districtmarker, Uttarpara, Sreerampur, Champdani, Chanditala and Jangipara constituencies will form the Sreerampur . Singur, Chandannagar, Chunchura, Balagarh, Pandua, Saptagram and Dhanekhali constituencies will form the Hooghly . Haripal, Tarakeswar, Pursurah, Arambag, Goghat and Khankul constituencies will be part of the Arambag , which will also contain one assembly segments in Paschim Medinipur districtmarker


.RAILWAY OF HOOGHLY

The railway communication of the district,especially at the suburban area is very developed.Bandel Jn. is the railway head quarter of the district. Bandel is the largest andthe busiest rail station of the district and also a vital Jn. station of India. There are 4 junction stations in Hooghly and theyare1.Bandel Jn.2.Dankuni Jn.3.Kamarkundu Jn.4.Seoraphuli Jn.The railway of the district is under Howrah Division.The frist train of ER started its journey from Howrah to Hooghly.Hooghly station was announced as the heritage station.

See also



References

External links




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