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Hope is a district municipality located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla Riversmarker in the province of British Columbiamarker, Canadamarker. Hope is at the eastern end of both the Fraser Valley and the Lower Mainlandmarker region, and is at the southern end of the Fraser Canyonmarker. To the east over the Cascade Mountains is the Interior region, beginning with the Similkameen Country on the farther side of the Allison Passmarker in Manning Parkmarker.Located east of Vancouvermarker, Hope is at the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway and the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway (locally known as the Hope–Princeton), (Highways 5 and 3, respectively) where they merge with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). Hope is at the eastern terminus of Highway 7. Hope is a member municipality of the Fraser Valley Regional Districtmarker which provides certain municipal-type services to unincorporated settlements and rural areas.

The District of Hope includes Hope Townsite(the previous Town of Hope) and surrounding areas including the communities of Kawkawa Lakemarker, Silver Creek, Floodmarker, and Lake of the Woods.

History

The history of Hope can be divided into thousands of years of First Nations settlement and a European settlement period beginning from 1808 to present day.

First Nations History

Hope's First Nations settlement period starts with the first traces of people living in the Fraser Valley. These first nation origins date from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago, when the Sto:lo First Nations were in the area. In late 1782 a smallpox epidemic among the Stó:lō killed thousands or an estimated two thirds of the population.

European History

The European settlement period of Hope history begins in 1808. Explorer Simon Fraser arrived in what is now Hope in 1808, and the Hudson's Bay Company created the Fort Hope trading post in 1848. The area was transformed by the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, beginning in 1858. The following year Governor James Douglas laid out the Fort Hope townsite. Hope became part of the Colony of British Columbia when the new British colony was created on 2 August 1858. Along with the rest of British Columbiamarker, Hope became part of Canadamarker in 1871. Late in 1859, Reverend Alexander St. David Francis Pringle arrived in Hope. On December 1 of that year, he founded the first library on the British Columbia mainland. Within two years, he founded Christ Church (Anglican). Today, Christ Church is the oldest church on the B.C. mainland still holding services on its original site. Hope incorporated as a village (District) on 6 April 1929, became a Town on 1 January 1965, and was reincorporated as a District Municipality named the District of Hope on 7 December 1992.

Geography

The Fraser River west of Hope
The Coquihalla River near Hope
Hope is located at the easternmost point of British Columbia's Lower Mainlandmarker area. There are relatively significant peaks to the north, east, and south of the townsite. Only to the west can flat land be seen, and that view is dominated by the broad lower reaches of the Fraser River. The segment from Lyttonmarker to Hope separates the Cascade Mountains and Coast Mountainsmarker, thereby forming the lower part of the Fraser Canyonmarker, which begins far upriver near Williams Lakemarker. At Hope, the river enters a broad flood plain extending to the coast and Vancouvermarker, British Columbiamarker.The Coquihallamarker and Sumallo Riversmarker rise in the Cascade Mountains northeast and southeast of Hope, respectively, and empty into the Fraser River there.

Demographics

(according to Statistics Canada 2006 census)
  • Population: 6,185
  • Growth Rate (2001-2006): 0%
  • Total Private Dwellings: 2,855
  • Area: 41.42 km²
  • Density: 149.3 people per km²


Arts and culture

Totem overlooking Fraser River in downtown Hope

Chainsaw Wood Carving

Hope holds chainsaw wood carving competitions and exhibitions. From 4-7 September 2008 the Second Annual Hope Chainsaw Carving Competition took place. Chainsaw wood carvings are displayed and exhibited throughout the downtown core of Hope. Memorial Park in downtown Hope has a display of chainsaw wood carvings. Hope is home to a notable widely known carver named Pete Ryan who has carved a number of the chainsaw wood carvings exhibited in downtown Hope.

Hope Arts Gallery

The Hope Arts Gallery exhibits and sells a variety of art by local artists. The Hope Arts Gallery is located in downtown Hope and has several rooms displaying sculpture, pottery, paintings and drawings, jewellry, fabric arts, basketry, cards and gifts and photography. The Hope Arts Gallery is run by volunteers from the Hope Arts Guild. The Hope Arts Gallery presents ART WALK, a self guided tour to art and chainsaw wood carvings in Hope.

Hope Brigade Days

One of the largest events of the year in Hope is Hope Brigade Days. Hope Brigade Days occur every year at the start of September. Hope Brigade Days events include a Parade, Fireworks display, Midway, Chainsaw Carving Competition, Demo Derby, Kids Karnival, 4x4 racing among others.

Attractions

A lake and mountain view in Hope

Hope Museum

The Hope Museum shows the history, culture and heritage of Hope.Located in downtown Hope together with the Hope Visitors Centre, the Hope Museum is open during the summer. Many Exhibits including First Nations culture, early Fort Hope, the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, the Kettle Valley Railway, pioneer life, logging, and mining. A main exhibit is The Home Gold Mill gold ore concentrator. The large Home Gold Mill exhibit is located outside the Museum and can be viewed year round.

Hope Recreation Complex

The Hope Recreation Complex includes a pool, arena, and fitness centre.The Hope and District Recreation Complex is run by the Fraser Valley Regional District.

Hope Slide

The Hope Slidemarker was one of the largest landslides ever recorded in Canada. It occurred in the morning hours of January 9 1965 near Hope, British Columbia, and killed four people.A viewing site showing the Hope Slide is an about 15 minute drive east of Hope on Highway 3.

Memorial Park and Friendship Garden

Friendship Garden
Immediately adjacent to the District Hall in Hope, is a Japanese garden called the Friendship Garden, dedicated to the Japanese-Canadians who were interned nearby at Tashmemarker during World War II.

Hope Memorial Park, adjacent to the District Hall and Friendship Garden, is the site of a concert series on Sunday afternoons in July and August.

Memorial Park was granted to the then-village of Hope in 1932 by the province of British Columbia. It occupies roughly 7 acres in the heart of the town.

Othello Tunnels

Othello Tunnelsmarker is the popular name for the main human-made features of Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Parkmarker.Located east of Hope along the canyon of the Coquihalla Rivermarker and a decommissioned railway grade, now a walking trail, leading eventually to Coquihalla Passmarker. Originally part of the Kettle Valley Railway, five tunnels and a series of bridges give a spectacular view of the Coquihalla Rivermarker as it passes through the river's narrow gorge.

Sports

Curling

The Hope Curling Club is located close to the Hope Recreation Complex. The Hope Curling Club sponsors bonspiels such as the Men's Bonspiel annually in January as well as the Mixed Curling Bonspiel.

Golf

Hope has a picturesque Golf course and club located on the banks of the Coquihalla River.

The Hope Icebreakers Junior Hockey Club

The Hope Icebreakers were a Canadian Junior ice hockey team. They played in the Pacific International Junior Hockey League and the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada from the 03/04 to the 07/08 season, after which they were approved by BC hockey to move toMissionmarker, BC, Canada. They subsequently changed their name to the Mission Icebreakers.

Government

The District of Hope is a district municipality that is part of the regional district called the Fraser Valley Regional Districtmarker.

District Municipality

The Mayor of Hope is Laurie French. The District of Hope provides services such as Planning & Community Development, Building Permitting, Bylaw Enforcement, Operations (Public Works) and information about the District of Hope Volunteer Fire Department.

Fraser Valley Regional District

Mayor Laurie French also serves as a director on the Board of the Fraser Valley Regional District.In addition to regional planning, the Fraser Valley Regional District (FVRD) works in collaboration with the District of Hope to provide recreational and cultural programs, ice arena and swimming pool, regional parks, mapping, air quality, mosquito control, weed control, E911 dispatch fire service, and search and rescue.

Province of British Columbia

The member of the legislaturemarker representing Hope in the Chilliwack-Hope provincial electoral district is Barry Penner.Barry Penner was elected in the 2009 British Columbia general election.

Parliament of Canada

In Canadamarker, the Parliament of Canadamarker consists of the upper house, the Senate of Canada and the lower house, the Canadian House of Commons. The Member of Parliament representing Hope in the Electoral District of Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon in the Canadian House of Commons is the Honourable Chuck Strahl. The Senate of Canada has several senators that represent BC as a whole.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

The Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) goes through Hope. Hope is at the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway (Highway 5 ). Hope is at the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, locally known as the Hope-Princeton highway (Highway 3). Hope is at the eastern terminus of Highway 7.

Hope Airport

Hope Airportmarker, (IATA: YHE, ICAO: CYHE), is located 2.6 NM (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) west of the Hope Townsite(the previous Town of Hope) within the municipal District of Hope, British Columbia, Canada. The airport is operated by the Fraser Valley Regional District. There is one turf runway about 1,207 metre (3,960 feet) long. The airfield is home to the Vancouver Soaring Association, a gliding club owning and operating school and recreational sailplanes and tow planes. The Hope Airport lies within the community of Flood in the District of Hope.

Railways

The Canadian Pacific Railway passes through Hope. The Canadian National railway also passes through Hope. The Canadian, a Canadian transcontinental passenger train currently operated by VIA Rail Canada, passes through Hope calling at the Hope railway station.

Heliports

Hope heliport is a private heliport located at the Fraser Canyon Hospital

Charter helicopter service

Hope has charter helicopter service available that provides service for the natural resource industry, including forestry and mining exploration, as well as other industries including film, tourism, and public service. For example in the Flood community of Hope close to the Hope Airport there is a helicopter base that provides charter helicopter service.

Health care

Fraser Canyon Hospital

Fraser Canyon Hospital is a 10 bed hospital and provides services including: 24/7 Emergency care stabilization and triage, and Hospice beds and services. Emergency care stabilization and triage 24/7 is unique to Fraser Canyon Hospital due to its geographic isolation and emergency service requirements in an area where major highways converge. Fraser Canyon Hospital officially opened on January 10, 1959 and began as a 20-bed hospital, complete with delivery and operating rooms.

Education

The Fraser-Cascade School District # 78 operates several schools in the District of Hope. There are three schools in Hope Townsite(the previous Town of Hope): Coquihalla Elementary School, which offers Kindergarten to Grade 4, C.E. Barry Elementary School, which offers Grades 5-7, and Hope Secondary School, which offers Grades 8-12. In addition, Silver Creek Elementary School, which is located in the community of Silver Creek, offers Grades Kindergarten to 7, with these students then attending Hope Secondary School for Grades 8-12. The Fraser-Cascade School District also operates other educational programs such as the District Alternative Secondary Program.

Hope in the media

Hope has been a popular location to shoot films. First Blood (1982)—the first Rambo film, starring Sylvester Stallone, Brian Dennehy, and Richard Crenna—was filmed almost entirely in and around Hope, as was Shoot to Kill (1988), starring Sidney Poitier, Tom Berenger and Kirstie Alley. K2 (1992) was also filmed nearby, with the area's mountains standing in for the Himalayasmarker."Hope's Hollywood Moments", p. 20 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.

Hope Springs (2003), starring Colin Firth and Heather Graham, was filmed in and around Hope, but set in a fictional Hope, Vermontmarker in the United Statesmarker.

Other films made in whole or in part in and around Hope have included Fire with Fire (1986), Yellow Dog (1994), White Fang II (1994), The Pledge (2001), The Stick Up (2003, starring James Spader), Suspicious River (2004), Afghan Knights (2007), and Wind Chill (2007). Hope was the setting for a story by Todd McFarlane in Spider-Man #8-12.

Reality show contestant Ryan Jenkins from VH1's series Megan Wants a Millionaire was found dead in the Thunderbird Motel in Hope on August 23, 2009 of an apparent suicide after being charged with the murder of his wife in Californiamarker.

See also



Notes



  1. District of Hope name for the area of the previous town of hope see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd597_Hope_Townsite_ROADMAP.pdf
  2. see Fraser Valley Regional District webpage on hope - www.fvrd.bc.ca/AboutUs/FVRDMemberMunicipalities/Pages/DistrictofHope.aspx
  3. District of Hope map of the community of Kawkawa Lake, see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd604_Kawkawa_Lake_road_map.pdf
  4. District of Hope map of the community of Silver Creek, see district website - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd605_Silver_Creek_road_map.pdf
  5. from Map of the District of Hope, see district website file - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd600_frvd_area_hope.pdf on map webpage www.hope.ca/bylaws/index.php?SUID=&selectedFolder=84
  6. "Historical Christ Church still on original site", p. 38 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  7. see www.crowsnest-highway.ca/cgi-bin/citypage.pl?city=HOPE, dates are from this good online secondary source for the European history of Hope.
  8. p.24 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  9. p.25 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  10. see the artist's website www.pete-ryan.ca
  11. website - www.hopeartsgallery.com/about.html
  12. 40th Annual Hope Brigade Days Official Guidebook
  13. 40th Annual Hope Brigade Days Official website - www.hopebrigadedays.com
  14. p.9, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  15. p.12B, The Hope Standard newspaper, Thursday 14 August 2008, Experience the Past special reprint section available at Hope Visitor Centre
  16. see official website www.fvrd.bc.ca/Services/HopeRecreationandCulture/AbouttheHopeRecreationComplex/Pages/default.aspx
  17. p.41, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  18. Hope Slide Souvenir Edition, The Hope Standard, January 1965, available at the Hope Visitors Centre
  19. "Beautiful Japanese Garden", p. 26 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  20. "Weekends come alive with music", p. 27 in Experience Hope, 2008 visitor guide to Hope.
  21. p.37, 2008 Hope Visitor Guide, Hope Standard Publications
  22. Official website from BC Parks www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/explore/parkpgs/coquih_can.html
  23. see www.hopebc.com/events.html
  24. see www.golfhope.ca - Hope Golf and Country Club
  25. www.hope.ca/election.php
  26. www.cd.gov.bc.ca/LGD/gov_structure/elections/index.htm
  27. www.hope.ca/district_services.php
  28. www.fvrd.bc.ca/ABOUTUS/BOARDOFDIRECTORS/Pages/default.aspx
  29. www.fvrd.bc.ca/AboutUs/FVRDMemberMunicipalities/Pages/DistrictofHope.aspx
  30. bc2009.com/ridings/Chilliwack-Hope/
  31. www.barrypenner.ca/
  32. www.barrypenner.com
  33. www.leg.bc.ca
  34. webinfo.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileConstituency.aspx?Key=542&Language=E
  35. for a map of the Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon electoral district see www.elections.ca/scripts/pss/Map.aspx?L=E&ED=59005&EV=99&EV_TYPE=6&PC=&Prov=BC&MapID=&QID=-1&PageID=13
  36. webinfo.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileMP.aspx?Key=128584&Language=E
  37. www.parl.gc.ca/common/senmemb/senate/isenator.asp?Language=E
  38. Map of the District of Hope, see district website file - www.hope.ca/upload/dcd600_frvd_area_hope.pdf on map webpage www.hope.ca/bylaws/index.php?SUID=&selectedFolder=84
  39. see www.valleyhelicopters.ca
  40. see website www.fraserhealth.ca/Services/HospitalServices/Pages/HospitalServicesDirectory.aspx
  41. Simone Rolph - Hope Standard, Published: 14 January 2009
  42. see www.sd78.bc.ca/sitemap.html
  43. see www.sd78.bc.ca
  44. see http://www.sd78.bc.ca/dasp.htm
  45. http://www.tmz.com/2009/08/23/ryan-jenkins-dead/


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