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Horley is a town in Surreymarker, Englandmarker, situated south of the twin towns of Reigatemarker and Redhillmarker, and north of Gatwick Airportmarker and Crawleymarker.

With fast links by train to Londonmarker from Horley railway stationmarker, it has grown popular with commuters in recent years. The Horley Master Plan, which was approved by Reigate & Banstead Borough Councilmarker in February 2005, will see almost 2,600 new homes, built by Wates and Martin Grant Homes.. This has caused much controversy as the area being built on is a green-belt and is prone to flooding. There are also frequent droughts in the summer so the adequate spreading of water sources is also debatable.

History

In the past the Wealdmarker was a densely forested and marshy area. During Saxon times, the Manor of Horley came under the control of the Benedictinemarker Abbey of St Peter at Chertseymarker. The Manor passed to Henry VIII on the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 and changed hands several times during the next sixty years.

In 1602 it became the property of Christ's Hospitalmarker in Londonmarker and the original map of the manor is now held at the Guildhallmarker in the City of Londonmarker. This shows that Horley consisted of three hamlets around a huge open common. One was around the area occupied by St Bartholomew’s Church and the Six Bells public house; another by the River Mole and the third in Horley Row where some of Horley’s oldest buildings can still be seen.

The Common was enclosed in 1812, new roads were laid and the intervening land was sold. In 1809 and later in 1816, two turnpikes were introduced to allow the operation of regular coach services from Londonmarker to Brightonmarker. The railway was laid in 1841 and a station was built in the town. From that position, and from that date, Horley grew at a slow rate until 1950. Since then its population has doubled.
Map of Horley from 1946


Schools

Horley has one secondary school (Y7-Y11), one primary school (Y1-Y6), three junior schools(Y3-Y6), and four infant schools, as well as close links with schools from Charlwoodmarker, Salfordsmarker and Smallfieldmarker/Burstowmarker. The main secondary school is Oakwood School, on Balcombemarker Road. There are currently no colleges or sixth forms in Horley, so most students would go to Redhillmarker or Reigatemarker (e.g St. Bede's Schoolmarker and Reigate Collegemarker) or to Crawleymarker to continue their education.

Politics

The town is within the East Surrey constituency, currently represented by the MP Peter Ainsworth.

Horley is part of the Borough of Reigate and Banstead but also has a town council. The Town Mayor and Chairman of the Town Council, elected in May 2007 is Councillor Simon Marshall.

Sports

Horley is the home town of Horley Town F.C.marker established in 1898. It also has a cricket club, a hockey club, a tennis club, a bowls club and a newly formed rugby club.

Culture and the arts

Horley is home to the Archway Theatre, Britain's only "under the arches" theatre. Located under the arches of the Victoria Road railway bridge, the theatre consists of a bar, auditorium, studio and rehearsal rooms. The main auditorium seats 95 and the studio seats 40. The company presents 10 full productions each year as well as number of studio events and youth productions.

Industry

Horley was home to the Matbro works which produced forklift trucks from the 1950s to the 1980s and pioneered telescopic handlers. The bright yellow Teleram 40 and Teleram C machines were very popular with farmers and construction companies.

References



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