Hornos Island ( ) is a
Chilean island at the southern tip of South America. The island is mostly
known for being the location of Cape Horn. It is generally considered South America's
southernmost island, but the Diego Ramírez Islands are farther south. The island is one of
the Hermite Islands, part of the
The Chilean Navy maintains a station on the island, consisting of a
residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse; A short
distance from the main station is a memorial, including a large
sculpture featuring the silhouette of an albatross
, in honour of the sailors who died while
attempting to "round the Horn".
is within the Cabo de Hornos National Park.
The composition of the island is mainly of Cretaceous granite
in the northwest. The lower areas of the island are
filled with peat moss
Mean Temperature: 5.3° Celsius
Maximum Temperature: 20.5° Celsius (February 1996)
Minimum Temperature: 14.5° Celsius (June 1992)
Mean Relative humidity: 86.4 %
Mean Wind Direction: 264°
Mean Wind Speed: 84 knots
Maximum Wind Speed: 119 knots(August 1995)
Rainfall (yearly mean): 697.5 mm.
Maximum Rainfall: 1263.2 (1990)