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The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (also known as the House of Braganza-Coburg) was a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910.

The use of the designation Braganza-Coburg, however, is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, or in writings that are not contemporary to the rule of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha monarchs in Portugal. The reason for this is: the last four Kings of Portugal were descendants of Queen Maria II of Portugal and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and, technically, members of a cadet branch of the House of Wettin, by patrilineal descent. Nonetheless, they still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

History

The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony. On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II was deposed and the Portuguese First Republicmarker was established. Manuel II went into exile, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.

Before his death, Manuel II was reconciled with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. So, with his death, the claim to the throne of Portugal passed to the pretender, Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.

Today, the descendants of Princess Theresa of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1902-1990), who was a granddaughter of Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, carry the surname Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança. The Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança name was also used by Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, a woman who claimed to be a bastard daughter of King Carlos I.

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Family tree

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