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House of Oldenburg: Map

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The House of Oldenburg is a North German dynasty and one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses.

It rose to prominence when Count Christian I of Oldenburg was elected King of Denmarkmarker in 1448, and of Norwaymarker in 1450. The house has occupied the Danish throne ever since.

Marriages of medieval counts of Oldenburg had paved the way for their heirs to become kings of various Scandinavian kingdoms. In 14th century, through marriage with a descendant of King Valdemar I of Sweden and of King Eric IV of Denmark, a claim to Sweden and Denmark was staked, since 1350.

At that time, its competitors were the successors of Margaret I of Denmark. In the 15th century, the Oldenburg heir of that claim married Hedwig of Schauenburg, a descendant of Euphemia of Sweden and Norway and also a descendant of Eric V of Denmark. Since descendants better situated in genealogical charts died out, their son Christian (the abovementioned) became the king of all the three kingdoms of whole Kalmar Union. The House of Mecklenburg was its chief competitor regarding the Northern thrones, and other aspirants included, e.g., the Duke of Lauenburg. Different Oldenburgine branches have reigned in several countries, as this selective chart shows:

:::*A member of this branch by patrilineage is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, so the House of Oldenburg will de facto also reign agnatically in the Commonwealth realms upon the accession of his male line heirs, where it will, however, continue to be named Windsor unless the succession falls to a cadet branch of Philip's male-line descendants not previously bearing princely style in which case the reigning branch will be named Mountbatten-Windsor, pursuant to the provisions of a 1960 Order-in-Council.

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